Amylase in dogs is increased and the norm is
Amylase - an enzyme of digestion, discovered firstBack in 1833. It breaks down starch to maltose and helps digest carbohydrates. This gives him a sweetish taste when chewing foods that contain starch for a long time.
The normal level of amylase in dogs
Amylase is produced by the parotid salivary gland and is present in the saliva. It is with her that the digestive process begins. Also, amylase is produced in the pancreas and is called pancreatic.
If there are problems with the health of the dog, the amylase penetrates into the blood and therefore its level is determined with the help of a biochemical blood test. The norm for dogs is the level of alpha-amylase from 685 to 2155 units. If this indicator is exceeded or understated, then the animal may have serious health problems.
Increased amylase in dogs
Excess of the norm of amylase in blood or serumTestifies to the problems with the health of the dog. If only salivary amylase is increased, it indicates a damage to the salivary glands or parotitis, an inflammation of the parotid salivary gland. If the level of both isoenzymes, both salivary and pancreatic, is increased, this may indicate such diseases as:
- Primary biliary cirrhosis of the liver,
- Acute hepatitis in dogs,
- Curvature of the stomach and intestines,
- Renal failure (chronic or acute),
- Other chronic kidney diseases
Also this may indicate the feeding of a dogCarbohydrate feeds (fruits and cereals, dry food with a low content of animal protein) or poisoning with chemicals. For example, a dog could eat something left unattended, containing barbiturate.
An increase in the level of only pancreatic amylaseMost often occurs with pancreatitis, as well as with intestinal obstruction, perforating ulcer of the stomach and duodenum, mesenteric infarction, neoplasms and any damage to the pancreas, and also indicate pregnancy.
Decrease in the level of amylase
It is bad and when the level of amylase in a dog goes down. This occurs when the work of the organs that produce this enzyme is insufficient:
- Pancreatic necrosis (dying off part of the pancreas),
- Consequences of severe acute pancreatitis,
- Poisoning with carbon tetrachloride or arsenic,
- Acute and toxic dyspepsia.
This may also indicate the use of anticoagulants in the treatment of various diseases.