Pulse in the dog
Pulse is evidence of rhythm, frequency and strengthHeart beats. It comes from the contraction of the heart muscle, felt in the form of pulsating tremors, which are transmitted through large arterial blood vessels.
Pulse rate in dogs and puppies
It depends on the age and size of the animal. So for an adult dog the pulse rate is 70-120 beats per minute. In a puppy, the pulse can be much faster. So a sleeping baby's heart beats with a frequency of 110-120 beats per minute, and the player has up to 220 strokes.
In aging animals, the pulse is somewhat slower,Than in the young. As for the sizes of dogs, for small ornamental breeds the "puppy" pulse in 100-120, and even up to 130 beats per minute is normal. In large dogs, for example, Great Danes, Caucasian Shepherds, St. Bernards, the pulse is slower. A frequency of 70-100 beats per minute is considered normal.
Abnormality of the dog's pulse from normal
The change in the normal rhythm of the pulse indicates a variety of conditions and diseases. So, the quickening of the animal's pulse can say:
- About high physical activity,
- Severe pain,
- Fear and even the process of digesting food
If the increased pulse of the dog independently and quickly returns to normal, then it is a normal reaction of the body.
If the pulse rate is exceeded for a long time, this may indicate such painful conditions as:
- Elevated body temperature,
- Inflammatory processes,
- Infectious diseases,
- Disruption of the heart valves
Any of these conditions require immediate treatment to the veterinarian.
Reducing the pulse indicates thatThe animal could be overcooled, poisoned, perhaps it is depleted or simply recovers after infectious diseases. If the pulse is not probed, the dog fainted.
How to measure the pulse of a dog
In a dog, the pulse must be measured on the femoralArteries, where he is probed most easily. This artery runs along the inner surface of the hind paw. It is best to grope for it in the place where it comes out of the groin. Finding the artery, you need two or three fingers to find a place where the pulse most clearly beats.
After that, you need to start an account. It does not necessarily take a full minute. It is much more convenient to calculate the number of beats in 15 seconds and then multiply by four. By the way, putting your fingers to the paw of the dog, it is better not to use your thumb, otherwise you can hear not her pulse, but your own.
If access to the thigh is somehow absent, the beating of the heart of the dog can be heard by putting her hands on the chest at the level of the elbow joints.