Heart failure in dogs: symptoms, treatment
Heart failure is most common in dogs with heart disease. It is the inability of the heart to provide sufficient blood circulation for the metabolic needs of the body.
Blood supply to the organs worsens, which leads to pathological changes in the myocardium. The cause of heart failure may be a variety of heart disease:
- Congenital malformations,
- Arterial hypertension and others.
It can occur in both acute and chronic forms. More common in large and old dogs.
Symptoms of heart failure in dogs
Symptoms of the disease largely depend on the cause, in connection with which there was heart failure.
Most often the animal has:
- High blood pressure,
- Pulmonary wheezing.
Fainting, liver enlargement, swelling are also possibleLimbs and a dewlap. The dog is quickly tired, very sluggish. In her lungs can be heard wheezing. The heart often grows in volume. With left ventricular failure, pulmonary edema may develop.
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is characterized by a relatively slow and relatively stable development, often against the background of previously transmitted diseases. Sometimes the only symptom of such heart disease in a dog can be a chronic cough.
In acute heart failure, there is a rapid increase in symptoms, literally from a few minutes to several hours. The most characteristic features are:
- Pallor of the mucous membranes,
- Increased heart rate
After a rapid development of cardiogenic pulmonary edema, which can be accompanied by bloody discharge from the oral cavity and nose.
Treatment of heart failure in dogs
First of all, it is necessary to minimize the physical load of the dog to a minimum and strictly adhere to a certain diet. It is necessary to limit the intake of salt and reduce the consumption of liquid.
The animal needs walks for 20-30 minutes fromPulse control and health status. Also, the animal is prescribed cardiac glycosides for life. Potassium preparations are needed to improve metabolism in the myocardium, quarantil, vitamins.
When there is edema, the animal is given a diuretic:
- Will regulate,
In case of an attack of acute heart failure, a solution of caffeine, camphor, intramuscularly sulfocamphocaine, cordiamine is injected subcutaneously.
For the prevention of heart failureIt is necessary to regularly examine the risk group at the cardiologist of animals. These include dogs over the age of six and are suspected of any heart disease.
Also in a regular inspection at any age need dogs with an excitable type of nervous system and dwarf species. In addition, predisposition to heart diseases of some breeds has been proved. They are Dobermans, Boxers, Great Danes, St. Bernards and Newfoundlands.