Atopy in dogs: symptoms, treatment
Atopy is a hereditary predisposition of the dog to the manifestation of allergic reactions to certain environmental factors.
Symptoms of atopy in dogs
- On the skin of the animal there is irritation, which begins to bother the dog,
- It begins to lick and scratch the skin, which leads to the formation of wounds and secondary infection.
The most prone to the appearance of allergic reactions on the body of the dog are the ears, muzzle, lower abdomen and paws.
Hereditary predisposition of the dog toProduction of special antibodies - immunoglobulins E (IgE), reacting to allergens of the environment. The most common irritant is a house dust mite and its excrement. These mites live and reproduce in damp warm rooms.
Therefore, when service dogs, for exampleLabradors or Golden Retrievers, instead of being more often in the open air and making long walks, are locked in warm apartments with short walks for 10-15 minutes, then the problem of atopy becomes extremely urgent.
Symptoms can be both throughout the year, soAnd in certain seasons - it depends on the breed of the dog. It is believed that most of the atopy are susceptible to such breeds of dogs as terriers, English setters, boxers, labradors and golden retrievers.
Treatment of atopy in dogs
If you notice that your pet has signs of atopy, then if it is possible to move the dog from the heated battery, poorly ventilated apartment, to the yard or to the kennel.
From the impact of ticks, the skin of the dog protectsWool, and it becomes thicker in a cool climate. The treatment of the animal will include control over parasites, the use of antihistamines and hypoallergenic diet.
It is also recommended to add fatty acids (gamma-linolenic acid) to dogs and use corticosteroids, but the latter should be treated with extreme caution!
Treatment with antibiotics can be prescribed by a veterinarian for secondary infections. There is also an allergy treatment with desensitizing vaccines, but this treatment will take a long time.
The development of a normal immune response sometimes takes years, but even a year of such treatment can give good results.