Puppy growth, phases and characteristics
The growth of the puppy is the most important period when the entire complex of physiological, psychological and behavioral reactions inherent in the breed develops.
It is in the first months of life that a puppy should receive the foundation of a good upbringing. A growing puppy is curious and his energy beats over the edge.
He explores new places, plays with othersPuppies of their litter, a lot to learn from their mother. At this age, the child especially needs the care of his owner, in order to successfully master the norms of social behavior and become a well-educated dog.
The rate of growth of the puppy depends on the breed. Small puppies grow a little faster than puppies of medium size and much faster than puppies of very large dogs.
Puppies of small breeds reach sizesAn adult animal aged 8 to 10 months. In medium-sized dogs, this occurs in 12 months, in puppies of large breed dogs at 15-18 months. At that time, for the full development of a puppy of very large breeds of dogs, 18 to 20 months are required.
The age of puberty of dogs also varies. The first heat in bitches occurs at the age of 6 - 12 months, that is, even before the growth of the organism. Males become sexually mature at the age of about 7 months for small breeds of dogs or 12-18 months for dogs of medium and large breeds.
There are several phases of growth
Their most important characteristics are the changeEnergy needs of the animal, the formation of its skeleton and the development of muscle mass. The future physique of a puppy, his health completely depends on the successful completion of the phases of his growth, in which feeding plays a key role. During the first phase of growth, between weaning and the first appearance of permanent teeth, the puppy grows literally before our eyes. His skeleton is developing rapidly and the animal is gaining weight every day.
To maintain an intensive metabolismThe puppy needs twice as much energy as an adult dog of the same weight and carefully calibrated dosages of phosphorus and calcium in the diet. Portions of his food should match the energy needs of the puppy, but do not exceed the norm so that he does not gain weight too quickly. That is why factors such as the multiplicity of the ration and the quality of the feed are so important. Too much calcium in the middle of the growth phase can lead to bone and joint diseases, and overfeeding to digestive disorders.
During the 2nd phase of the puppy's growthStrengthening of the skeleton and development of muscles. The dog is still growing, but much slower. When the growth and strengthening of the skeleton ends, the development of the musculature continues. During this period, the animal needs a little less energy, but still more than an adult dog of the same weight. During this period, the puppy's body is still very fragile and its weight must be constantly monitored. Excess weight can have very serious consequences. First of all, do not give the puppy any handouts between the feedings. The only thing that he needs during this period is the right diet, which should be divided into strictly calculated portions.
Make a graph of the change in the weight of the puppy for weeks. This information is very useful for the veterinarian, since he will be able to determine any possible excess weight. A puppy with excess weight is at high risk of obesity in adulthood. To avoid this, you must strictly observe the diet, the frequency of feeding and the volume of portions. Feed croquettes must match the size and age of the puppy.