Diet, feeding the dog: what can be given, and what is not allowed
Dog health depends on the diet. If the daily diet contains the necessary substances, trace elements and vitamins, the pet will be cheerful, cheerful and active.
When keeping a dog in an apartment, veterinariansRecommend to feed it with dry food, because they have all the right components in the right proportions. But not all masters like this way. In this case, the store food can be replaced with natural food. But the diet should be balanced, so pick up the products will have to carefully.
The main rules in the diet of dogs
In the diet of the dog you need to include the following food:
- Meat of different species,
- Dairy products of medium fat content,
- Some vegetables and fruits,
- Bran cereals.
Moreover, animal protein should make up most of the diet.
Only raw food
The dog's natural food should not be exposedHeat treatment. High temperatures destroy many substances necessary for an animal. In short, you can not feed a pet from the table. We must specially buy fresh food for him and not cook them for ourselves.
Remember that the organism of each dog is unique. Therefore, it is necessary to form a diet based on its needs. For example, it is known that in adult dogs, milk is poorly digested - it is allowed to give only to puppies for up to 3 months. But practice has shown that some pets enjoy it with pleasure and do not have any problems with digestion.
Also, the diet depends on the activity of the pet. If the dog constantly plays, runs, then it needs more energy. In this case it is recommended to increase the amount of animal protein.
The breeder Yevgeny Fursov
A man domesticated a dog a long time ago - back in theThe Stone Age. Since then, the needs of the dog have changed dramatically, as the digestive system has adapted to new conditions. Modern dogs can eat not only raw meat, but also bran, sour-milk products, vegetables.
All this is healthy and varied food. And the benefits of dry food are questionable. After all, in addition to the necessary substances, they are added with various preservatives, thickeners and colorants. And I make such feeds often from cheap meat products.
Veterinarian is advised by Evgenia Chuiko
Any dog is a predator, and the digestive systemShe works differently than a person. Her stomach and intestines, accustomed to raw food, are not able to break down carbohydrates and fiber. Therefore, food of plant origin passes through the dog's digestive system twice as fast as the protein.
But the animal's body needs substances,Which are only in plant foods. In nature, wolves get them eating the contents of the stomachs of their victims. At home, the same dog that receives natural food, there is a shortage of these substances. That's why many veterinarians recommend a balanced dry food for premium dogs, which have everything you need.
What should be included in the dog's diet?
It is best to give a variety of meat:
- Horse meat,
It is not necessary to buy first class products. You can get by byproducts, if the animal's organism tolerates them well. Suitable meat trim, kidney, trachea, heart, ears, udders. The main thing is that the meat is not fat. Therefore, do not feed the dog with pork. Chicken and turkey are also suitable for some pets.
But you need to feed the birds carefully. First, make sure that it does not cause problems with the digestive system. As already mentioned, meat products are given in raw form. Do not grind them into minced meat - you can simply cut into pieces. Before feeding it is allowed to beat the meat with boiling water.
Most adult dogs are not able toTo digest milk. But with the sour-milk products of medium fat content their digestive system cope. Choose cottage cheese with a fat content of 5-9%, kefir 3-3.5% and curdled milk with a shelf life of no more than 7 days.
These foods have a lot of protein, and it's easyIs assimilated. Remember that sour-milk products need to be selected individually. Usually too fatty cottage cheese and yogurt are not absorbed by the dog's body. But the sensitivity of some pets can be higher. In this case, you need to abandon this type of product or try a variety with a lower fat content.
They are rich in protein and various vitamins. This product is perfectly digested. Both adult dogs and puppies can be given raw eggs of chicken and quail. Moreover, the protein does not need to be separated from the yolk.
Interestingly, heat treatment does not affect the usefulness of the product. But nutritionists say that boiled soft boiled eggs are better absorbed.
Vegetables and fruits
The most useful in vegetables and fruits is pectin,Which binds the salts of heavy metals, cholesterol and easily removes them from the body. It is better to give vegetables and greens separately from the main food in finely chopped form, but if desired, you can grate them on a grater and mix with meat.
It is allowed to feed the pet almost all speciesVegetables: cucumbers, beets, pumpkin, cabbage, zucchini, bell pepper. Leaves of lettuce, parsley and dill come from green. But sweet dogs can not, so most fruits, especially exotic, are not given to the pet. But if the dog eats a few berries in the suburban area or wants to eat an apple, nothing terrible will happen.
Sometimes you can pamper your pet with raw fillets of oceanic or sea fish. To avoid infection with parasites, it is better to buy a frozen product. Of course, there should be few bones in the fillet.
Cereals and bran
Cereals are used as a supplement to the basic diet. They are needed to regulate the intestinal microflora and improve its peristalsis. Usually they are mixed with milk.
Advises Breeder Sergei Ivanov
The basis of the diet of a dog with a natural dietShould make meat and dairy products. But the reception of this food must be divided. In one feeding it is possible to give meat with vegetable oil and a little vegetable at last, and in another - kefir, curdled milk, cottage cheese, which 2-3 times a week can be mixed with bran or raw egg.
Prohibited foods: what can not be given to dogs
Meat of unknown origin
Although the concentration of hydrochloric acid in the stomach of a dog is greater than that of a human, the probability of infection with worms and parasites is still maintained if the pet eats meat purchased from the hands.
If you like fishing, cook fish and eat itThemselves. But it is forbidden to give a raw fish caught by a fish: river and lake individuals can carry parasites. In an extreme case, you can first to weather it.
Low-fat dairy products
Even cottage cheese with 2% fat content can cause diarrhea and vomiting in the pet. And fat-free products based on milk are completely contraindicated.
Citrus and legumes
In and of themselves, citrus fruits are not harmful, but in largeThey can cause allergies. And if the dog has digestive problems, then citric acid will necessarily aggravate them. Legumes also have a negative effect on the digestive system.
Glucose in large quantities negatively affects the eyes of dogs - they tend to tear and fester. And with prolonged use, they undermine the work of the liver.
Just note that bones - this is not food, but just a toy for a dog. Therefore, you can not give the dog fragile bones from the table. They can split and injure the pet's stomach.
Unlike bran, porridge is not given to dogsIt is recommended, especially in a cooked form. They contain too many digestible carbohydrates, which, when passed through the digestive system, disrupt the intestinal microflora.
Veterinarian Igor Verh
Frequent indigestion with naturalFeeding, as well as lethargy and apathy, signal that the dog has an incorrect diet or it receives substances that are not important for the body.