/ / Energy value of nutrients in the dog's diet

Energy value of nutrients in the dog's diet

Dog like no other needs greatThe amount of energy that supports the vital activity of the whole organism. Energy is needed for the normal functioning of the secret gland, regeneration processes, maintaining the necessary temperature, tissue growth and personal activity.

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Nutrients for dogs

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What nutrients are needed in the dog's diet?But energy is not the only necessityFor the dog. An adult canine organism is not only the processes of formation, but also the processes of destruction and decomposition of cells, organic substances. Urine and feces excrete metabolic products from the body, and this process is also carried out with the help of secretion glands, respiratory organs and through the skin.

Dog organism does not produce such elementsAs sodium, calcium and phosphorus. That means the impossibility of independent fulfillment of the necessary organic substances. Therefore, the way to get nutrients for the dog is the external environment. Nutrients for the dog, which her body can not produce, but they are vital, must come with food.

These nutrients have about 50 species. Necessary substances for life To mineral essential microelements are:

  • magnesium,
  • potassium,
  • calcium,
  • phosphorus,
  • sulfur,
  • chlorine.

And also, it's iron, copper, manganese and zinc, iodine,Fluorine, chromium, cadmium, molybdenum, tin, silicium, nickel and, of course, vandium. Among the organic compounds are linoleic acid, histidine, arginine, lysine, isoleucine, leucine, valine, phenylamine, methionine, threonine and tryptophan.

From the group of fat-soluble vitamins - A(Carotene), A (retinol), D2 (ergocalciferol), D (calciferol), D3 (cholecalciferol), E (tocopherol). From water-soluble - B1 (tialin) and B2 (riboflavin), B6 ​​(pyridoxine), B12 (cobalamin), PP (nicotinic acid), pantothenic and folic acid, H (biotin).

Energy supply

Energy in the body, like nutrientsFor dogs, comes with the help of various carriers. Their chemical nature refers to fats, proteins and carbohydrates. In addition, the nutrients necessary for life for the dog come in food and feed. Water - a particularly vital factor Water is one of the most important elements in the life of the animal's body and its deficiency can be detrimental to health.

Loss of 10 to 12 percent of fluid can causeTo death. The main purpose of nutrition is to introduce into the body the necessary energy carriers, in the quantity satisfying the need. In order to produce the correct feeding of a dog, it is necessary to have a certain knowledge: it is the benefit and assimilation of various feeds (their energy value), what kind of nutrients the dog needs, about the state of its health and the technique of feeding the animal (how to cook and how many times per day feed).

How can one understand from all of the above thatFeeding a dog is not an easy process, as it may seem. At the moment, there is a specifically studied need for a growing dog, an adult animal, a breeding pregnant bitch in a nutritious

X substances and energy. But the by-products used for feeding are not so well studied in terms of the content of energy carriers and nutrients. The percentage of the presence of valuable nutrients is reduced and significantly fluctuates. In order for a dog to be able to fully satisfy its nutrient and energy needs, it is necessary to know their content in the feed or any animal product given.

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