/ / Training of Sitting and Nearby Teams

Sitting and Sitting

Every dog, even the one that belongs toBreeds derived artificially preserves the qualities of their primitive ancestors, by which one can understand that its ancient ancestor is a wolf. That is, just like a wolf, a dog is an animal of a pack.

Therefore, any dog ​​obediently obeysLeader of the pack and this is what he wants to see his master. She wants to see in the host a leader who teaches her to use her innate abilities. Without such a leader, the dog, especially this refers to young individuals, feels stiff and confused. Therefore, for each dog it is extremely important to undergo training from a person and become a representative of the breed, whose name is fantasy.

Of course, not all of our four-legged friends canPerform the same functions. From a York, for example, you will not make a guard dog, as well as a Doberman Pinscher, you will not get a good hunter. But the basics of obedience are important for any breed of dogs without exception and are the basis for any specialty of the dog.

In this article, the story goes about trainingAdult dogs. However, it's better to start working with dogs from the very first months. Sometimes with 2, 3 months of age. The puppy is characterized by quick reaction, attentiveness and a desire to learn. It is very important that the work with the dog was a game and never degenerated into coercion or worse into a drill. This also applies to adults. Modern dog training is cooperation, as if a dialogue between an animal and a person.

However, it is necessary to require and from the puppy and from the adultDog concentration and accuracy of the exercise. But remember that a puppy is a child that can not be overloaded. Let us repeat once again that it is better to start the dog training program at an early age, as a kind of primary school of canine education. And they go there in early childhood. By the year the dog will master the alphabet of obedience and will be able to move to secondary school, that is, to master special skills of a higher level:

Driving on a leash and the command "Sit!"

When doing this exercise, the dog mustGo to the left of the master and her shoulder should be at the level of his knee. It should sit on the side of the owner each time it stops and freely follow it, as in the ordinary, and with slowed or accelerated walking of the owner. It is important that such an exercise as walking on a leash is not the same as walking on a leash. During the walk, the dog is given enough freedom to sniff, spin, distract, and so on. While driving on a leash, she must concentrate completely on the owner.

To perform this exercise, you need to haveA collar or a leash of at least one and a half meters in length. For a puppy or a small dog, a collar of suede or nylon is used instead of the collar collar. But remember that you should not use short leashes or leashes with a handle as they prevent the dog from learning the commands and ultimately teach it to break away.

For the first exercises to subordinate the Sitting team, you should choose a location without distractions. Learn how to properly wear a collar.

Training teams, the team sit, the team next, how to teach the dog to the team to sit

Before putting it on the dog, Give it the shape of the letter "P". The dog should be to our left, butThe leash must be held in the right hand. We will give the command "Near!" And we will follow the usual step, slightly accentuating our movements with the appropriate movement of hands, which is necessary in order to instill a sense of rhythm in the dog. The left hand, remaining free, serves to gently pat the dog by the neck and adjust its movements. If the dog takes to the side, then give her the command "Near!" And immediately make her come closer.

If she obeys, pat her. For the first classes this is enough. They should last no more than 5-10 minutes. Very soon the dog will learn how to walk properly, as it will know that for this it is waiting for affection and praise. After a few sessions, we will lightly strike the collar, while holding the leash in the right hand. The blows must be non-coercive in nature, and invitations, urging the dog to be attentive. As soon as the dog learns to walk well in a straight line, we begin to make turns and change the direction of movement. The main thing at this stage is to teach the dog to make a complete turn around himself.

A step before the change of direction will give the command -"Nearby!" To draw the attention of the dog and prepare it for a turn. When the dog learns to walk normally, we will gradually begin to teach her how to change her pace, then moving on to a slow, then to a quick step. Do not shoot down the dog with sharp tempo changes. Run a little trot, then go to the normal step, then slow down and so on. To achieve the ideal results when driving on a leash it takes at least a month. But during this period the dog must acquire other skills.

When driving on a leash, the dog must sit down likeOnly the owner stops. To do this, you need to teach her to execute the command "Sit!" While driving on a leash stop, we'll chop the dog on the withers and give her a command to Sit. Simultaneously, with the help of the leash, which we hold in the right hand, raise the head of the dog, and with your left hand lightly press it on the cereal, as if inviting her to sit down. Note that you need to invite, not force. Too much pressure will force the dog to raise his head up. As a result, there will be a game - "Who is stronger than anyone?" And the effect of the exercise will not be.

Training teams, the team sit, the team next, how to teach the dog to the team to sit

As soon as the dog sits down, we will hold it in thisPosition a few seconds, and then praise and caress. Sitting is a very easy exercise. The most common method that allows you to achieve immediate results is to keep your favorite delicacy at the same time giving the command "Sit!" Over the head of the dog. We do not recommend you use this method. After all, in this case, the dog will get used to sit down every time she sees that her master is eating or just holding something.

When preparing exhibition dogs a treatIt is used to make the dog stay on its paws in a guarded pose. If the dog gets used to sit down at the sight of delicacies, it will be very difficult to retrain it. The dog should not associate the delicacy in your hands with the fact that she needs to sit down. It should fulfill your commands, and not earn delicacies. After that, you can start combining the two exercises, giving the dog the command "Sit!" At each stop during a walk. Later the command can not be given, since the dog will associate the stop with the need to sit down.

The command "Sit!" In the presence of distractions

In this exercise, the dog mustStay in a lying position for a certain time in the absence of the host and in the presence of other people, dogs or other distractions. We command the dog to "Lie down!", Leave for 20-30 steps and ask the friend with the dog to walk to the right at some distance, and then close to us. If the dog tries to get up to come to see what is happening, we command her "Fu, place!". The next stage is that the owner hides behind a fence, a tree or a special shelter, if the occupation takes place on the training ground and watches from there a dog that does not see it.

If the dog tries to get up, also we'll commandTo her, "Fu, place!", Coming out of hiding. It is also important to follow the principle of gradualness. The master must have sufficient intuition to show from the shelter at the very moment when the dog begins to disturb his absence and she decides to go in search of him. All exercises related to the lying position should not be repeated more than once a day. For each correctly executed exercise the dog should receive encouragement, since this skill requires from it a certain self-limitation, which must be additionally rewarded.

The command "Sit!" While driving and returning to the dog

While driving without a lead, stop as usual. The dog already knows that he must sit down.

Training dogs, the team sit in different conditions

Give her the command "Sit, place!"And walk away a few steps, back to the dog and stretching his right hand toward her face. Hearing familiar commands, the dog most likely will be frozen in place. In this case, go back to it in the usual way, stand on the right of it, praise, then start to move away again.

If the dog tries to get up, tell her"Foo, place!", Then wait a few seconds and go back to it. Gradually start to perform all exercises from beginning to end, that is, move away from the dog, which should sit still and wait for you, for 30-40 steps. Quit a few steps, standing with her back to her and finally, go back to her. Perhaps, at the stage of your return, the dog will make a mistake, because, seeing you, approaching, will want to run to meet you. In this case, command "Fu, place!", Holding out her hand to her.

Going to her, praise her and let meFrolic to her as much as she wants. The dog must learn that she is allowed to do this only after the exercise has been completed. Do not use the hard tone of the voice, because excessive power on your part will cause the dog to take a lying position when you return to it. Meanwhile, as this exercise assumes that the dog should be in a sitting position.

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