Labrador retriever - description of the breed, photo. Articles about the breed, video
Find out about the temperament ✅, the standard ✅ and the characteristics of the ✅ labrador retriever. Look what the labrador likes, his description, character traits. Look at the photo ✅ and the video of the Labrador Retriever.
Although this dog is not considered service, andMore likely to be perceived as a companion, it is able to bring great benefits to people. The only thing that is difficult to achieve from a Labrador is the protection of the territory and the manifestation of aggression. In extreme cases, he can only bark, notifying you of the danger.
Character Labrador very accurately betrayed his eyes. There is not a drop of aggression in them. These dogs are firmly convinced that the world is beautiful, everyone loves them, and they love everyone. The main thing is not to undermine this faith, and the Labrador will forever remain a cheerful creature, radiating happiness.
|Tendency to training|
|Attitudes towards children|
Table of contents:
- Breed Standard
- Maintenance and care
- Training and education
- How to choose and where to buy a puppy?
History of the breed
Labrador retriever is one of the most popularIn the world of breeds of dogs, the history of origin of which, was carefully studied by curious researchers. Despite the close interest for certain to clarify the main stages of the formation of the breed is difficult, so there are different versions on this matter.
There is no doubt only the fact that the ancestorsLabradors lived on the island of Newfoundland, although the name of the breed was fixed in honor of the Labrador Peninsula. Some researchers believe that the geographical position did not affect the name, and attributed the main role to the color of the first representatives of the breed, which were of black suits, like the stone labradorite. Another interesting version connects the name of the breed with the translation of the word Labrador, which means "hard worker". Given the increased performance and activity of these dogs, this version also has the right to exist.
The ancestors of Labradors were large NewfoundlandThe dogs from which the modern Newfoundland originated. The mention of these dogs is found in 1593 from seafarers floating to the northern outskirts of the American continent. Dogs made a strong impression on the Portuguese, who noted their unusual appearance, not found in dogs of the northern Indians and in Europe. No less surprising were the working qualities of dogs, which served equally well man on land and at sea.
The first Labradors came to England from the islandNewfoundland, which is located near the east coast of Canada. This starting point is recognized by all researchers, but further their opinions diverge. Some believe that the breed was fully formed on the island, and the British just brought it to Europe and started popularizing it. This version finds confirmation in documentary and archaeological sources. In particular, excavations on the island of Newfoundland found the remains of dogs buried about 4000 years ago. Also descriptions of the first dogs seen by Europeans on the island in many respects coincide with the characteristics of the first Labradors.
Others hold the view that in EnglandOnly the ancestors of modern Labrador retrievers came in, and the breed was bred as a result of the work of English breeders. According to this version, blood of pointer and black hounds was added to the blood of Newfoundland dogs.
The Canadian Labrador breeder Dr. Woods,A supporter of the first version, believes that the ancestors of the Labradors on the island were dogs of Vikings and Basques. On the island of Newfoundland, two breed types developed: Big and Small Newfoundlands. Large dogs were characterized by loose physique, large size and long hair. They were the ancestors of modern Newfoundland. Small type was more lightweight, mobility, agility and incredible passion for water. Their wool was short and stiff. These were the ancestors of modern retriever labradors, who were simply called the water dogs of St. John's, the capital of Fr. Newfoundland.
At first the attention of the British was attracted by largeShaggy Newfoundland dogs, which they actively exported from the island. This tribute to fashion captures the entire English nobility, leaving future Labradors in the shadow of their closest relatives. But the public opinion is changing Colonel Peter Hawker, who liked active dogs of black color with wool, reminiscent of otkryvuyu skin. In 1814, he recommends the use of Labradors for hunting and describes their brilliant performance, especially in the importation of game. The sea captain for the first time called these dogs Labradors, whom the English aristocracy loved for their sporting character. To the blood of dogs from the island of Newfoundland, the blood of hunting dogs of setters and retrievers is surging. The word "retriever" in English means "to find and bring the killed game". According to documentary data, there were no other bloodlines in the genealogies of English Labradors.
Already in the years 1830-1840 interest in Labradors wasIs very large. The center of their distribution was the port city of Poole, in which dogs were brought from the island. In 1870 there was an exhibition in Birmingham, which already had a clear distinction between Newfoundland and Black Labrador, as different breeds.
In 1885, the importation of dogs was temporarily discontinuedBecause of quarantine, but English lovers of the Labrador did not stop this. Famous and rich aristocrats founded nurseries in various counties, making a true Labrador cult of a noble hunting dog. Pedigree books were conducted, demonstration competitions were held to demonstrate the hunting abilities of Labradors. Soon they already became serious competitors for setters and pointer. Serious selection work with observance of all the rules led to the fact that on July 7, 1903 the breed was recognized as an independent breed and was named Labrador.
Especially a lot of nurseries appeared on the territoryEngland in the period 1910-1920. And the next 10th anniversary is called the "Golden Age of the Labrador" because it was at this time that the breed became an incredibly popular, fashionable and beloved by all the inhabitants of the Kingdom. Particularly famous for the nursery "Banchory", which has grown several legendary champions. The owner of the kennel was Countess Loria Howe. Her pet, Labrador Bolo, became the owner of two championship titles: in beauty and in performance.
The number of nurseries is growing rapidly, and the LabradorBecomes popular not only as a hunting dog, but also as a companion and a dog for the show. At this time there is a fashion for the representatives of the rock of sunny yellow color. Occasionally, interest in chocolate labradors also flashes, but they never could win the palm tree of their black and yellow brothers.
In 1916, an amateur club was created in EnglandLabrador retrievers. Later, in 1925, a club of lovers of yellow labrador retrievers appeared. Despite the obvious predilection of many breeders for the yellow color, Kennel Club did not narrow the standard of the breed, the breeding work was conducted with the participation of Labradors of different colors.
The spread of the breed was becomingMore impressive: in the year were registered not hundreds, but thousands of newborn Labradors. These dogs became inseparable friends of different in nature and way of life of people, while gradually they ceased to be a privilege of the nobility and left, that is called "to the people". Of course, the pioneers of this breed predicted a slightly different future: they wanted to see it as an elite dog for the elite. But it is popularity in all layers of society that led to the fact that in 1998, 35,000 Labrador puppies appeared in England.
The glory of this wonderful dog for a long timeSpread throughout all civilized countries with developed dog breeding. In America, the first officially registered Labrador puppies were born in 1917. In 1931 an American club of Labrador lovers was created, and in 1991 the Labrador headed the breed's rating in the USA.
Now this breed continues to win the hearts of dog breeders around the world.
On average Labradors retrievers live from 12 to 13 years.
Labrador takes 7 place in the rating of dogs for the development of intelligence.
Labrador Retriever - breed standard: basic characteristics
Standard breed labrador retriever FCI from 1999:
Produces the impression of a strongly built dog with a wide head, a large chest and strong limbs.
Height at the withers in males is 56-57 cm, in bitches - 54-56 cm. But a slight deviation in growth in the standard of this breed is not a significant drawback.
The skull is wide, but not excessively, without gross lines. The head looks powerful, but not thick and not round, without fleshy cheeks. The muzzle is not pointed, with a well-defined transition from the forehead to the muzzle. The nose of the nose is wide. Scissor bite, medium-sized teeth.
The expression of the eyes is intelligent and benevolent. Eye color is nutty or brown.
Ears hanging, not too large, planted far to the head. Ears are characterized by increased mobility, transferring the mood of a Labrador.
The neck line is powerful and strong.
The back is straight, the loin is short and sturdy.
The chest is wide, but not barrel-shaped, the ribs are well-formed.
The tail is of medium length and very thick at the base. The tip of the tail is narrow. Due to the hard coat it resembles the tail of an otter.
Forelegs straight and strong.
Hind legs very strong and well developed.
Hock joints are located low. Paws round, compactly folded with clearly marked pads.
Movement is free.
The coat consists of a thick short coat and a waterproof undercoat. To the touch, the wool is rigid, it should not have undulating divorce and feathers.
Labrador require minimal care, although in the spring they mildly shed.
Color is allowed black, fawn or brown. Under pale yellow, the options are from light cream to red. The color should be uniform without a tan.
The famous writer
The scent of Labradors is 25% better than that of the German Shepherd. Labrador Yoga in the UK received the Golden Knight Medal for the discovery of 490 cargoes with drugs.
What should a real labrador be? Of course, good-natured, cheerful and playful. This cheerful big guy can charge everyone around with his love of life and optimism. Living in a family, the Labrador creates around him a calm and happy atmosphere of home comfort and harmony. In many countries the breed has become a symbol of a happy family, even a peculiar tradition has arisen to start this dog in young families.
Life's optimism of the Labrador is so great thatHis energy and activity are overwhelming. He is unhappy with the despondency and passive expectation of entertainment. If the owner does not provide him with "bread and circuses," he will find them himself. This dog is difficult to tolerate loneliness, or rather, it does not tolerate it at all and prefers to leave the master's house, than to miss without human attention and communication.
Labrador is ready to be friends with everyone: With children, with adults, with cats, even with a postman. This is not the case when the dog viciously protects its borders. On the contrary, she is ready to let everyone into the house and play with them. Perhaps the only controversial friend for a Labrador is a bird, since he is a congenital hunter who specialized in the importation of game. But there are examples of friendship of Labradors even with birds, which once again confirms that his love does not know the boundaries.
This breed is distinguished by intelligence and ingenuity. They are easy and pleasant to teach, they are even happy when they are engaged in, and are trying to please the owner with the exact implementation of all teams. The only difficulty is that Labradors are very playful and often distracted, especially during childhood and adolescence, which lasts them for 3 years. Yes, this is one of those dogs that do not want to say goodbye to puppy habits, and they like to fool around even when they look like big solid dogs, and sometimes they themselves become moms and dads.
The first Labradors were black, but in 1892 two yellow puppies from black parents were born.
Care and maintenance of Labrador
The rules of care for a Labrador are quite simple andMeet the general criteria of dog care. But, like any breed, Labrador has its own characteristics, which require special attention of the owner. One of them is the ears, the hanging form of which can lead to inflammation, obtained from contamination or penetration of parasites. Regular inspection and cleansing of the ears will help to avoid the dangers of infection.
Another feature is the specific wool withDense, almost waterproof undercoat. Such a coat does not need to be washed without extreme necessity, it has the ability to self-clean. Just brush it once a week, and during moulting 2-3 times more often to get rid of dead hair. Thanks to such a simple procedure, your lab will always look well-groomed.
The third characteristic of care for labradorIs to draw up a proper diet. Of course, this is necessary for all dogs, but a labrador retriever can quickly gain excess weight or become addicted to forbidden foods, for example, become a sweet tooth. It does not matter if you feed the labrador with a ready-mixed formula or natural food, the main thing is to correctly calculate the rate for each feeding. From natural food it is better to give preference to nutritious meat and useful vegetables, without focusing on porridge. In no case can not give pasta, from which the Labrador will quickly recover, but they will not do him good.
For a more accurate calculation of the volume of a serving,Know the weight of your dog. If you feed according to the norm, but the dog looks thin, you must definitely give her drugs against worms, as the reason for underweight, most likely, is precisely this. If, on the contrary, you give the amount of food needed by your calculations, and the dog gets fat, then it lacks the necessary physical exertion.
From this follows the fourth important featureCare for Labrador: he needs to provide physical activity. Walking on a leash for this dog is clearly not enough. She should be allowed to run in the countryside or at least in the park or in the dog-walking areas. Although this breed has long been adapted for living in cities, its connection with nature has been preserved. Labrador adores trips to nature, especially in places where there are ponds. Do not forget that this is a great lover of swimming, especially he likes to swim for a thing thrown into the water. Therefore, if you have such an opportunity, then be sure to take the Labrador with you to the river or the lake.
Labradors are able to diagnose cancer in humans at an early stage. This was proved by the experiments of Japanese scientists.
Training and education
Labradors have many abilities that, if properly developed, will amaze the imagination of others.
Labradors can memorize up to 300 humanPhrases. But they are not the smartest dogs on the planet. In fact, they occupy the 7th place. The border collie and common poodle outperform the Labrador in intelligence. But the mind, combined with a strong desire to please, makes the Labrador the best dog for training.
But why develop aggressive qualities in the dog,In which many other excellent abilities are laid. If you do not want to limit yourself to a simple set of standard commands, then you will be inspired by examples of using Labradors for the benefit of man. For example, in France, Labradors ... collect truffles, and not just collect, but even participate in special competitions on the topic who will collect more of these mushrooms. Also these strong dogs are engaged in towing skiers, show miracles of courage and endurance, saving people on the water and in the mountains. Labradors even take care of seriously ill people and act as nurses. They can perform such actions as switching on / off the light, closing / unlocking the door, bringing in the necessary thing or raising the fallen on the floor. Such dogs are taken for children with limited mobility, they become their best friends.
Of course, do not forget about the huntingInstinct of Labradors. Now this breed is practically not used for hunting, but it is capable of much. Labrador behaves quietly and calmly until the moment when the hunter will shoot the game. After that, he immediately rushes to the place where she fell, and gently grabbing it, brings the person. For him, there is no problem, if the game has fallen into the water, he is only happy to swim about. Especially promising is a labrador for duck hunting, here it is simply incomparable.
As you can see, Labrador can be taught veryBut do not try to do it through a system of punishments. Labrador can be offended and even disappointed, but there is nothing worse than a Labrador who has fallen into depression. It is much more effective with him the system of incentives, he likes to bring the owner the benefit and be it necessary.
However, natural inclinations have negativeManifestations. For example, Labradors like to sniff out and find different, in their opinion, the right things: a dead bird, some garbage with an unpleasant smell. At the same time, they consider it their duty to bring their find to the owner, so that he rejoices with them.
Labradors love water, so sometimes they canIt's reckless to jump into the ponds, not thinking about how they will get out of there. They can jump from a low bridge or from a steep bank, which will make their owners pretty nervous, pulling them to land.
Labrador swims at a speed of 5 km / h, which is equal to the speed of human walking.
How to choose and where to buy a Labrador Retriever puppy?
Everyone understands that it is best to purchase a puppy inCatteries of loving and knowledgeable breed breeders. Unfortunately, knowing does not mean doing, and often future Labrador owners go on a compromise, buying puppies with documents or even absolutely without documents from people about whom they do not know anything.
If you buy puppies in the nursery, then howRule, a contract is drawn up, ensuring that you acquire, if not a future champion, then at least a true Labrador, healthy and well-groomed. Shopping on the ad is like a lottery, in which you can draw a lucky ticket or purchase a puppy that does not match your ideas.
It is best to learn more about the breed, to seeVideo with Labradors, visit several exhibitions or search information in nurseries or on their pages in social networks. So you will get answers to all the questions of interest and be sure to find the best puppy.
A major official
Labrador Retriever became the mayor of an American provincial town.
Prices for puppies
On a thoroughbred labrador puppy with a cattery stamp and documents, the price will be From 20 000 to 40 000 rubles. Labrador without a puppy card will be cheaper, but if it is purebred, the price still can not be less than 8 000 - 10 000 rubles.