Basic rules of training a dog
It is not uncommon to meet a dog breeder with barking andStriving to rush at all dogs, which her master vehemently cries out: "Be silent!" This is an example of an ill-bred dog and the same uneducated master who is likened to his pet.
To the dog obeyed not by shouting, but by a calm voice and even by the gesture of the master, it is necessary to properly practice her training.
How to start dog training?
The main rule can be called the very mood of the training. She should always give pleasure, both to a dog, and its owner. This is another type of communication with the pet, which must always be positive. If the host does not have the mood, it is better to postpone training to a better time.
One approach to learning a new team should beShort enough, literally 5-10 minutes, so that the dog's attention does not fade. If the dog does not follow the team after several attempts, it simply does not need to be rewarded. First, remember a couple of simple long-studied commands, and then again, repeat the new "material".
To finish training too it is necessary onPositive note, that is, on a team that she knows well and will therefore receive a reward for her performance. After class, release her with the "Walk" command. In training, there is no place for coercion and negative emotions. It's bad for a dog to scream, beat, pull. From this it will not be better to remember the commands, but will only be afraid of the master and get confused, not understanding what he wants.
Every dog needs to know the basic commandsSubordination: "To me", "To sit", "To lie down", "Near", "To stand". You can also teach her additional commands: "Stop", "Give", "Enough", "Quiet". During training, the dog should be well motivated. If you encourage it with slices of food, then before training, the dog should be hungry.
If you encourage it with praise and play, thenTraining should be timed to meet with the dog after separation. For example, when the owner came home from work. When a puppy is taught such commands as "Lying" and "standing" on a leash, this should be done after he ran and froliced for a walk, "releasing steam." Otherwise, the hyperactive baby will be very difficult to sit still.
How to properly encourage a dog
The dog should always clearly understand what she needsDo, so the teams should be simple and clear, so that it does not rush, not having time for your "machine-gun bursts" of teams. She should have time for implementation and mandatory encouragement, even if she could just stroke and praise.
If the dog does not execute the command, it is not neededpunish. It's enough that you just do not encourage it. She will already understand that she has not earned a reward and will try to understand how to make it. Delicacy, which is encouraged by the dog during training, should she very much like.
Then the dog will be diligent. It can be cut into small pieces of pork ears, cheese, dried liver. Pieces must be very small and not crumble. Praise should sound chanting, in high tones and with enthusiasm. To iron a dog at promotion is better on a muzzle in a direction of growth of a wool, it is possible to scratch under a jaw or on a breast.
Quite a lot of dogs do not like to be pettedOn the head. It is very important that the dog understands the relationship between the proper performance of the team and the promotion, therefore it is necessary to encourage immediately. The team should be given in one word, without repeating it. It's better if it's the shortest possible word that ends on a hard consonant. Only at the command "To me" the dog is first called by the nickname.
And the intonation of this team should not be a shout,It should be calm and positive. She should be happy to approach the owner, and not be afraid of him. After approach it is necessary to praise. If you encourage the dog with a delicacy, when the animal is already learning the command with a constant reward, the team should be encouraged not every time, but every third, then even more randomly.
Perfection of execution of commands
At the first stage of training it is important that the dogShe knew what she had to do and did it right. Ideally, it should execute commands very quickly. Therefore, when she has already learned to react correctly, you need to start practicing speed, encouraging the dog for the fastest performance.
It is also necessary to increase the execution timeThe dog of such commands as "Sit", "Stand", "Lie". She must "keep" the team until a minute, and the owner at this time departs from the dog for 5 steps. And after that, you can continue to increase the time and distance after the success of the commands. It is better to make workouts more frequent, but short.