How to teach a dog commands, voice training
As with the "conversation" with relatives, who growl can be a threat or warning of danger, talking to people, dogs listen to intonation.
For them it, and not words, carries the most important information. Therefore, for the owners, it can be an effective tool that will help them during training - or will interfere.
To find out The influence of intonation on the training of an animal, Consider training as the process of formation in the dog reflexes and skills.
Simplified reflexes can be thought of as a reaction,Which the animal's nervous system associates with certain signal-commands. To bring the reflex to automatism, except for the lightning reinforcement of the team by encouragement or punishment and repeated repetition, the necessary condition is the invariability of the "trigger" signal.
Obviously, the smaller the difference betweenFriend of the training of the same skill, the faster the pet will learn it. It is also logical that the same conditions for training different teams will scatter the attention of the animal, lead him into perplexity. The same applies to the voice of the host. At first Any intonation changes the sound of the original command. Secondly, Being conjugated with the emotional sphere, sheAlso makes changes to the content of the conditioned signal, saturating it with additional information "noises" that knock down the animal from the ground. After all, the dog has become accustomed to hearing the "familiar" command with other recurring circumstances and "scenery", and the master suddenly pronounces it somehow differently.
How will the dog react to your changed intonation?
Due to the characteristics of the nervous system, the animal can perceive words depending on the intonational coloring as "positive" or "negative" motivating, and also - neutral.
The first group includes the so-called "Positive" or "approving" voice, Which, in the master's opinion, should encourage the pet, concentrate his attention and inspire an immediate and correct action.
However, contrary to the expectations of the grief - the trainers,The intonation that the dog hears at each training session - quite often, soon ceases to be "motivating", because the animal gets used to it. To avoid this, you should use either a more effective reinforcement mode (correct and precisely coinciding in time), or give the dog a more meaningful encouragement for her than the one used before.
Another feature of the perception of our dogsIntonation is that the team evokes interest in them when intonationally different from our usual manner of speaking. Reflex makes them alert and pay attention to new audio information.
But curiosity disappears quickly enough orGoes into other forms of behavior, when the dog sees that we are not going to say anything new to her. For the same reason, intonation is not worth changing during the training. So you destroy the associative chain in the dog's head. After all, he is already used to carrying out the command you give. And suddenly - you change the tempo or timbre of speech, and the pet stumbles, not understanding what is happening, and when it finds out that danger does not threaten him, and at all switches to something more entertaining. This behavior is called a "stop reaction", and it provokes it most often not the infantile character of the dog, but your inattention to your own voice.
The second group of voice signals includes the "negative" intonation, which we use when we want the dog to understand how he should not act.
What happens when we "color" the signal with a threat?
Obviously, threatening intonation needs the least adequate reinforcement. Animals from birth know that after aggressive words they need to change the type of behavior.
Moreover, threatening intonation, like any otherVisible danger, includes in the dog defensive reactions, caused by the instinct of self-preservation. The animal lends itself to panic. Again, the "stop-reaction" is triggered, and the team remains unanswered. However, sometimes the dog reacts - obediently lies down or sits down, thinking that if you see his obedience, then stop being angry with him.
Of course, expect that in this way you canKeep the trust of the pet, you can not. He will simply be afraid of you and may even get sick, because next to the owner, who constantly raises his voice, he will not allow himself to relax.
Thus, each of our teams has a minimumThree variants of sound, which acquire for the animal a different meaning depending on the intonation. The trainer, who does not pay attention to the voice he communicates with the dog, risks instead of the desired reaction to get a "stop" in the image of an indifferent or, on the contrary, a frightened pet. Is there a "golden mean"? Certainly. But only for the owners, attentive to their dogs. Remember that voice is no less effective "tool" than clicker or goodies - and use it wisely.