Self-training dog: basic principles
Training dogs can pursue different goals. And some kinds of canine education can not be obtained without the help of a professional. This primarily refers to the inculcation of special working skills. However, not every dog needs them.
In many cases, self-training dogs will be enough. Most pets are enough to know andPerform typical obedience commands. They can, and even should, train the master himself. In any case, only he has to constantly and patiently repeat the commands, so that the dog will understand them well.
Begins puppy studies with memorizing nicknames. So the puppy learns to distinguish, when the owner addresses to it. To accustom to respond to the nickname is necessary with the appearance of a puppy in the house. Every time you put a bowl of food, you need to call a puppy by name. During the day, too, you can periodically call the puppy and when he comes running, treat him with a tiny treat.
Basic rules for self-training dogs
- Never pronounce a dog's nickname with threatening intonation or offend her.
- Also from the first days of the puppy is accustomed to his place. It is necessary to notice, when the puppy has played enough and starts to search for itself a place for a dream, and to invite it on a laying, affectionately saying: "Place". If he fell asleep somewhere in the armchair, you need to carefully move it to the "place" and there to pat. Never disturb a dog in its place and all the more offend. This is her corner for solitude from people.
- Accustomed to the place, it's time to move on to trainingThe main team of any educated dog - "To me." You need to start at home using the dog feeder. We need to take it in hand and call the puppy first by name, and then add: "To me." When the dog runs up, put the feeder, and praise the child with words of approval and give a treat.
- In no event can "To me" be called a puppy forIn order to punish him for something. The dog will learn that this is a bad team, after which it is necessary to hide and all educational works will be wasted. With a fairly frequent repetition of the team (3-5 times a day) a normal baby will learn it in a week. After this, the workouts are transferred to the street. Street for a dog is a huge world, where there are so many interesting and diverse, that is, factors that distract from obedience. Therefore, many teams must be secured for a walk.
Self-training dogs: basic commands
To begin with, it's better to find a quiet place. Give the puppy a run for a bit, then call him by name. When he turns to you, command: "To me." If he performed the command, give a treat and praise, stroke.
Teams can not be evil shouting, but they must sound clear and decisive. After "to me" for a walk, the puppy should be released by the "walk" team.
Day after day, increase the distance from whichCall the baby to yourself. When he already quickly and confidently begins to execute the command "to me", do not call him any more before the team with the nickname, he should react simply to the voice.
With the command "walk" the leash is always unfastened. Therefore, it is necessary to begin to develop it in the safest place, away from roads, construction sites, etc. If the puppy is afraid of walking away from you and shaking at your feet (as often happens with bitches), play with it.
Say "walk" and take a run when the puppy of youCatch up, let him get ahead of you. After running away, call him by the team and give it a treat. The time of free-range walking gradually increase to five, then to 10 minutes. But do not constantly shout: "To me", not letting the animal walk, sniff the bushes and play. He will bother you obey.
Another important team for a walk is "Near". The dog should walk at the left foot of the owner about 30 cm, without pulling on the leash, not overtaking and not being braided behind. To teach this, you can buy a leash-hammer, or for especially large breeds a strict collar. Leaving free about 50 cm leash, the owner leads the dog and when she starts to pull forward, supports up the leash with the words: "Nearby."
To support it is necessary sharply, it is appreciable for a dog, butDo not hurt, without hanging it on the collar. Constant monotonous (without shouts and emotions) repetition of the team for a week will teach the dog to walk as it should. When it starts to work out, be sure to iron and praise.
By the way, delicacy is an indispensable attribute of the beginningLearning. It speeds up the reaction process of the dog, she is more diligent in trying to earn something delicious. But do not constantly, for any team performed, so encourage the dog. First, there is a risk of fattening or simply spoiling the appetite for the animal. Secondly, the dog with no less pleasure will perform the commands for the sake of simple stroking and praise. She will not experience disappointment.
By adopting these simple rules and recommendations, you will understand that nothing is impossible and the dog's self-training will not be a complex and fascinating process for you.