Skills and habits of dogs
At the request of the host, the followingSkills: landing, laying, rack, giving voice by command, the transfer of objects, return to the site, guarding things, swimming, indifferent attitude to the shots, creeping.
If in your view the ideal of a dog - a creature calmly lying in place, and which from time to time you can use, it is better to get yourself a car.
Obligatory skills for dogs:
- Knowledge of the owner and his nickname;
- Trouble-free approach to the owner on command;
- Accustoming to equipment, free state;
- Execution of prohibitive commands;
- Movement next to the owner;
- Refusal of feed offered by unauthorized persons or found by chance.
Skills and habits
Behavior, first of all, is the visible reactions and actions of the dog. The reason for any behavior is the appearance of any need of a dog.
In the process of training the owner himself createsThe dog needs him, and he himself offers her a way to meet this need. Example: for training dogs in various ways (planting, laying, etc.), you can use her desire to get a treat. For this, the dog is not fed before classes, in the course of the lesson, by a certain technique, it is taught to plant, etc., for the correct performance, they are encouraged by delicacy, that is, they satisfy the dog's food need.
The fact of satisfying the need (reinforcementReflex) is perceived by the dog positively and promotes the consolidation in memory of the action that led to it. If the action is repeatedly repeated, it is learned, easily recalled by the command and reproduced independently from different conditions, that is, it becomes a skill. For example, a dog is alone and hungry. Exit is an independent search for food to satisfy hunger. If the food is not carefully cleaned, the dog finds it and eats it. This positive search result simultaneously becomes a reinforcement to the method (search) by which the dog found food.
Enough 2-3 times not to remove the shoes - readySkill of killing shoes. Variable (probabilistic) reinforcement. Your puppy is a beggar. In the process of eating you do not feed the puppy at the table, but in your absence it is willingly done by the rest of your family. The skill can be worked out effortlessly, reinforcing positively every third attempt. In order to extinguish the skills developed with the help of probabilistic reinforcement, a great effort will be required, compared with those skills that were developed with the help of constant reinforcement.
Habits are different from skills. If skills are used by the dog as ways toAchieve some goal, then habits - for themselves. When a dog lones about alone, and its basic needs are satisfied, then habits are formed, simply because there is nothing to do, so that time alone can go faster. Repeatedly, habits become a prerequisite for spending free time. The way out is the formation of other habits.
With habits it is very difficult to fight, as they all lead to the occurrence of positive emotions in the dog. A need for positive emotions in living organisms is one of the main.
The common mistake of beginning trainers -Later education. But conditioned reflexes are formed in the puppy immediately after birth! When we begin to educate a puppy, he already has several skills in hand, and maybe habits.
Why is negative behavior developed?Fast enough, and eliminated with great difficulty? The fact is that the learning in young dogs occurs according to the type of imprinting (imprinting), which is characterized by extreme rapidity and fixation of the results in memory easily and for a long time. Re-education requires perseverance, consistency, patience and stubbornness on the part of the trainer.