/ / Education of a puppy. Bad habits

Education of a puppy. Bad habits

Some owners of dogs can not achieveObedience to their pets. The owner screams, tears, and the dog does not lead the ear, runs wherever he wants and when he wants, starts fights, rushes under the wheels, scares the children.

In order to prevent this, it is necessaryCarefully observe the rules of upbringing and educational training. Everyone knows that education and training are closely related, but the concept of "upbringing" is much broader than the concept of "training". The common thing between these concepts is that they are aimed at developing skills useful to a person.

Initial education lays the basic foundation of the relationship between the dog and the master. Therefore, education should be started from the moment the puppy appears in the house, from an early age.

Purposeful training is conducted not earlierThan with 6 months, depending on the individual characteristics of the dog. A small puppy himself learns to walk, run, overcome stairs, uneven ground. On walks, in the game, in communication with peers, a person gradually develops a sense of hearing, eye, coordination of movements, transformation into a harmoniously developed animal.

The essence of upbringing and the original(Educational) training is not to teach the dog to sit down, go to bed, stand, etc. - the dog is able to do it by itself - but to ensure that the dog performs such actions correctly and according to the commands of the owner. Upbringing and initial training should make the puppy more disciplined, obedient, to teach, even if not completely clearly and without fail, the commands of the host.


In the process of education, theUnnecessary, harmful habits of dogs are eliminated. The main goal of education is to facilitate the daily keeping of the dog, and also to create the basis for the initial, and then, probably, general and special training.

Meaningful love

One of the most important conditions for successful work -Unconditional love for the puppy. Only it can justify the waste of time and material means, physical and mental strength. Without love, everything will get bored very quickly, and the puppy will simply become a burden. But love should be meaningful, combined with a solid knowledge of the fundamentals of dog breeding, the ability to think carefully, it is advisable to conduct this work. It should be combined with firmness of character, decisive actions.

Hostility in relation to the dog should notExpressed in a sweet appeal and indulgence to her whims. In communication with the puppy, there must be a verbal accompaniment. The puppy does not understand the meaning of words and commands, but has a subtle hearing, well distinguishes and catches the slightest hesitation in his voice, focuses on intonation, sincerity of tone. The puppy can accurately distinguish affectionate, playful intonation from imperative and strict and react accordingly. The conversation with the puppy should be a dialogue, but the puppy responds not with words, but with facial expressions, movements, squealing, grunting or barking.

Patience and again patience!

One who is burdened with daily rough workBy the content, feeding and education (cleaning, cleaning of sewage, cooking, walking, walking), who is easily excited and can not cope with his irritability, should not have a puppy. Education - hard everyday work, to which you need to be ready. Attention: age It is necessary to take into account that the puppy differs sharply from the adult dog in its development and behavior.

His body and nervous system are not completelyFormed, not strengthened and finally not adapted to the environment. The puppy has very little life experience for normal orientation in the environment. As a result, the puppy is relatively quickly tired, reacts sharply to all strong external stimuli (other animals, vehicles, sharp sounds, etc.). The physical possibilities and peculiarities of the puppy's behavior directly depend on which age group he belongs to. All this must be taken into account when handling the puppy 8 process of parenting and initial training.

Individual approach

Puppies, like children, are all different: On the physical development, features of behavior, age features, hereditary predaktam. For example, for some puppies, there is enough light mechanical impact (pressure by the hand, impact leash) to react appropriately, and for others, these actions should be even stronger so that they understand what is being sought from them. It must be remembered that all mechanical influences with the prohibiting team "Fu" or "Can not" on puppies should be sparing, less powerful than on adult dogs. Otherwise, you can call the puppy a sense of fear and break the established with him earlier contact.

Instant reaction

When a puppy commits an undesirable offense,Punishment should follow immediately after its commission. In this case, the puppy is able to understand what is required of him, for which he is punished. If the master's influence does not follow immediately, but with a delay of even a few seconds, he will not understand why he is being punished and what is required of him.

We will play!

Game for a puppy at the age of 1-2 months - lifenecessity. To accustom to games it is possible in some days after accustoming the puppy to a new situation and to the owner. Do not let him spoil things? It is necessary to direct its energy in the right direction. Having taken away from the puppy a thing that can not be spoiled, it must be replaced with some toy, play with the puppy himself, periodically throwing toys on the floor or the ground, periodically make a few short runs.

Toys should be selected on the basis of tastesPuppy, but remember the important restrictions: Small objects are dangerous, the puppy can swallow them. As toys, you can not use slippers, gloves, rags, etc., household items. Having got used to gnaw unnecessary objects, the puppy will not refuse the same new ones. All valuable things must be hidden in places hard to reach for the puppy, raise the curtains, hide the wires. Games with the puppy should compensate as much as possible his games with brothers and sisters, with whom the puppy is separated.

If possible, it is necessary to simulateActions of other puppies that they produce during the game (rollover of the puppy on the back, somersaults, etc.). All this is done carefully, without causing the puppy pain, a short time. It is very useful to simulate the "victories" of a puppy periodically during the "struggle", this contributes to the development of courage, perseverance and initiative. In games with a puppy, other family members, including children, should take part, but also with caution and for a short time, so as not to overwork the puppy.

You can not turn a puppy into a living toy, which is especially often observed when children play with it. In this case, inevitably, there is a strong fatigue and a sharp deterioration in appetite.

Before the game, you need to make sure that there is noAround dangerous items that can injure a puppy and play with it. In the period from 3 to 6 months of play with the puppy must be done daily, gradually increasing the duration, intensity, with the active use of various toys. If possible, it would be wonderful for a puppy to play with peer dogs. This is very useful both for the physical development of the puppy and for the upbringing. An indispensable condition is the health of the puppies, approximately the same age and physical development, constant monitoring of the game by the hosts. After each game, the puppy must be taken to its place, repeating the "Place" command for its further rest.

Bad habits

In the process of training a puppySwitch his attention from undesirable actions to those that suit the host. This will allow a fairly gentle impact on the puppy and partly avoid the situation when the first life experience is incorrectly reinforced. To forbid the puppy it is necessary much, however it is impossible to punish it constantly. To gnaw anything is an inborn need of a puppy. This need is especially active during the period of growth and change of teeth, when the puppy remains for a long time alone and is not engaged in anything. At this time the puppy can selflessly gnaw shoes and furniture.

What to do?

Before leaving the puppy alone, hisIt is necessary to walk well or play with him, so that the baby is tired. Before leaving, leave a large sugar bone or "long-playing" toy, which for a while the puppy will be busy, and then, tired, fall asleep. Thus, he can gradually become accustomed to discipline and will not be disgraceful in the absence of the master. You can leave the puppy in an improvised barrel, limiting his movement around the apartment. We are accustomed not to be afraid To accustom to loud sounds, inevitable in life, it is necessary, but only gradually.

So, hitting on a holiday where many people are heardScreams, flames of fire flare and fireworks rumbling, a puppy can seriously get scared and hurt the psyche. After such "lessons" it is very problematic to accustom even to the soft cotton of the starting pistol, as a result of which in the future such a dog will not be suitable for official use. Therefore, it is better to gradually teach the child not to be afraid of loud and sharp sounds. For this you can, for example, use an air balloon, which at the end of the game must burst.

Master's diary

A beginner trainer in his difficult workHelp a kind of diary. The diary can be conducted in any form. His data should contain information on the increase in the body weight of the puppy, growth in the withers, the appearance of milk teeth and their change to permanent teeth, the date of raising the ears, monitoring the age-related changes in behavior, the results of upbringing and initial training, assessments and recommendations of specialists who examined the puppy, marks On the implementation of these recommendations, the date of veterinary examinations, preventive treatments against helminths and vaccinations. Records from the diary can be read at any time, to restore in memory everything related to growth and upbringing, to compare the indicators when growing other puppies. This will allow you to analyze the work done, identify and correct mistakes, and plan for the future your actions that ensure a healthy and proper development of the puppy.

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