Puppy for a walk. Rules of walking with a puppy
Practically all healthy puppies love walks. Otherwise, pay attention to the health of the puppy, his reaction to the environment and seek help from a specialist.
(Read the beginning of the topic in the previous article: Dog content)
We must not forget that before the first walkIt is necessary to carry out all necessary measures for vaccination, while simultaneously engaged in primary socialization of the puppy at home. After that - walk on health with the puppy as often as possible, naturally, observing the age regime of physical and psychological loads.
Rules of walking with a puppy
While the puppy is not 3 months old, it is recommended to walk with him in places remote from noisy roads with active traffic of vehicles, from large enterprises, from places of accumulation of people and animals.
After getting used to the urban conditions andEstablishing a lasting contact with the owner, you can periodically go out of town, which is very beneficial to both the health of the baby and its social development.
You can not:
- To walk the puppy on children's and sports grounds, territories of kindergartens, schools, medical institutions.
- To walk in a strong heat, cold, heavy snowfall, a strong thaw.
- Issue a puppy for a walk alone, without a host is strictly prohibited!
From the first days of walking with the puppy it is necessaryTo provide its growing organism with systematic, gradually increasing in duration and intensity physical loads. The necessary load with success is provided by walks and games. But you need to be careful: physically the puppy is still rather weak, increased loads are too much for him and will not bring anything except harm.
Therefore, while walking, do not forgetPeriodically stop, give the baby a chance to relax and look around. Remember that walking with a puppy is used not only to strengthen his health (and his own), but also to acquire life experience, training him to adequately respond to constantly changing environmental conditions, developing an adequate response to various external and internal stimuli. With maximum efficiency, try to use the walking process to teach the puppy to perform various commands, avoiding fatigue puppy.
In quiet (ideally - fenced) places, the leash can be unfastened: let the baby run independently - freedom stimulates cognition.
Always remember that the city street for the puppy -These are thousands of pleasant and unpleasant smells, sounds, bright light, speed, danger. A puppy, accustomed to the fact that his home is surrounded by the care and attention of only a few people, already on the first walk is stressed. Carefully follow the puppy during the walk, in case of fear, try to distract him with something positive and calm, gradually leading away from the source of fright.
At first, as was said above, with a puppyIt is better to walk in quiet, quiet places, without strong irritants. Puppy during a walk even in such places will still receive a lot of new impressions and emotions. If your house is surrounded by noisy streets or other houses - it is better to walk with the baby in the early morning or late evening, in order to minimize the possibility of sound and other stresses.
Protect your child from accidents. Try to anticipate any dangerous situations.
After reaching 3 months of age It is necessary to gradually complicate the route of walking: To increase the time of walking, to introduce the puppy to as many distracting stimuli as possible, to accustom it to the sounds and smells of moving vehicles. Gradually, it is necessary to expand the circle of acquaintances with people and animals, primarily with other dogs (preferably not with stray, with quiet "master").
To crowded places on sections with transportPuppy is taught gradually and pass through them necessarily on a leash and harness (collar). If the puppy is frightened of something, you should immediately calm it down, distracting and stroking. The owner himself is not very nervous and does not get upset, as his nervous condition almost immediately has a negative impact on the puppy. If the frightened object is potentially not dangerous, you can gradually, distracting the puppy by playing, approaching it, to enable the kid to sniff, examine and make sure there is no threat.
It will be just fine if the puppy on a walk has the opportunity to play with toys and peers in safe places.
Important! Urban transport - for the puppy the source of newSounds, new sharp smells. But at the same time - a source of serious potential danger. Therefore, it is necessary to teach the puppy not to shy away from cars and buses that travel on their routes, but at the same time teach not to jump out onto the road and be careful with moving vehicles.
At 3-4 months old Continue to gradually increase the time of games and walks, physical activity, while carefully monitoring that the puppy is not overtired.
At this age, special attention is paid to the development of the prohibiting team.
In 4-8 months Also gradually increase the time and length of walks. Gradually introduce all the new stimuli. But it is not recommended to perform the whole walk in the immediate vicinity of the sharp stimuli.
Walking and not only
We have already mentioned that it is necessary to use walksNot only for the mandrel, physical development and health promotion, but also for the knowledge of the world, the most effective communication of the puppy with the owner, for the puppy's upbringing and his initial training. During the walk it is necessary to periodically work out various teams ("To me", "To sit", "To lie").
Lessons should not be long: It is impossible to turn walks into continuous classes on education and training, otherwise there is a constant inhibition of the puppy's natural desire for freedom, active behavior, and this in turn can negatively affect his development, the development of useful active behavioral skills.
Attention! The owner during the walk with the puppy must be extremely careful, constantly monitoring and evaluating the environment, noticing all the nuances and the slightest, even potential, dangers, thereby trying to avoid them.
It is possible and very useful if you correctly assess the physical capabilities of your dog and measure the upcoming load with the capabilities of your dog.
The dog hasAn excellent opportunity to move on different grounds, the composition of which periodically changes the load on the feet. On a long journey, a person usually goes straight on a certain route, and the dog, being without a leash, moves with waste in different directions, zigzagging, circles, overcoming a trajectory much longer and more complex than a person.
If possible, make it more often. Going with a dog on a long trip, the owner should be sure that your dog unquestioningly performs the commands "To me" and "Fu", as there can be quite a lot of temptations around: butterflies, beetles and other insects, domestic and wild birds and animals. In any case, when such irritants appear, it is better to prevent possible non-standard situations and take the dog on a leash.
Be careful, do not let go of a dog far away in a dense forest: wild animals, snakes are a real danger, when meeting with which your dog may behave inadequately.
Running is very useful to combine with walks. You can run, keeping the puppy on a leash, in quiet places where nothing threatens and does not interfere with free movement. It is also very important not to overdo it here. If the puppy is overtired and begins to lag or stop, you should immediately stop running, give the puppy a rest and then follow a calm step. Within the next 3-4 days the load should be reduced, reducing the length of runs. Then the load can be gradually increased again.
It is desirable to use jogs in eachWalk, or at least 3-4 times a week. Later, when the dog gets used to the loads, the owner can use a bicycle when running with a dog. In winter, skiing is very useful for the owner and the dog: the dog will get an excellent physical load, moving around the owner in deep snow, but you should not move on a firm nast (paw damages are possible).
The length of the run depends on the breed, age, physical development. The average is:
- 1-2 months - 7-10 meters
- 2-3 months - 10-40 meters
- 3-4 months - 40-100 meters