Conditional and unconditioned stimuli used in training dogs
The most important task of the trainer is the development in the dog of the response of the organism. It reacts to special stimuli.</ P>
Two types of specific stimuli are used to develop the necessary skills:</ P>
Unconditional stimuli include food, andAlso do not forget about the defensive. To food it is customary to refer absolutely all the food that you will give during training. You can use bread, meat or biscuits.
A dog should be given a treat always whenWant to accustom to a certain team. It is especially important when this happens for the first time. Products should be given in small pieces so that there is a necessary reaction. Be sure to say commands tenderly and calmly. As soon as the reflex begins to develop, you should change snacks.
But stop giving the dog food categoricallyforbidden. To the defensive include irritants, which in the animal will cause pain. Because of this, he develops a reflex to the tasks that are required. To do this, you can use the easiest leash or choose a collar that is stiffer, a whip, but you only need to use it in the most extreme situations.
You can also use your fingers. Tactile refers to irritants that will not cause unpleasant or even painful sensations in the dog, it's stroking or patting. Complex stimuli can also be used. Simple affects only one place in the animal, complex - on two organs.
The conditioned stimulus acts as a signal,Which helps the dog to create the right reaction for the performance of the team. With the help of such reactions, reflexes are produced. It is customary to refer to simple commands "sit" and "lie down". To complex ones - certain hails and gestures.
The most suitable option is complex stimuli. They make training more effective. They can also be divided into sound and visual. All voice signals are a sound stimulus. And gestures are visual. But at the very beginning of training, all the commands for the animal are a simple sound.
From this it is possible to draw a conclusion that anyThe command must be secured with unconditioned reflexes. The intonation of the voice is of great importance. It is completely different: threatening, approving, ordinary, harsh, strict, in high tones and absolutely calm. Also, signals can be fed fun and affectionately. Sound commands should be constantly in one intonation.
Gestures are visual stimuli. They are most often used for commands that occur at a distance, with the help of hands. They should be exceptionally standard. Interaction of stimuli is the key to the effectiveness of training. It depends on them how fast your dog will learn to perform certain commands. But there are times when there is no reaction to them.
Then we have to use force stimuli,For example, quietly begin to beat or raise the voice for better mastering. Also cautiously start to intimidate, the dog feels it, and at it certain skills are developed. Unconditional stimuli should follow a few seconds after the conditional.
"Nearby" is spoken in a calm tone, and when youMake a leap for the leash, it should be just as calm. A strong conditional signal follows the same strong unconditional signal. "Fu" is said menacingly, the spurt must also be strong. The strength must be in accordance with the characteristics of the animal. Each dog should have its own approach. It is important to know what her mental and physical condition is, age.
It will depend on this, what kind ofIt is necessary to choose a team in order not to harm either yourself or others, especially the animal. You can choose the ideal system and technique for work. Training should positively affect your pet. Long and hard workouts will help you teach him everything you wanted. But it's best to start at a small age, since the puppy's perception is much better. The most important thing is to be patient and not harm the animal, because this process can be long.
If you constantly raise your voice onDog, she will never learn anything. The main thing is a calm tone, as well as care and love. But do not overdo with care, the animal can do nothing because of this, because it is lazy. So alternate your intonations, so that the dog understands that it is necessary to work, and that the owner is you. And she just has to obey you and carry out all that you ordered.