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The history of the origin of the Tibetan mastiff

Tibetan Mastiff was first mentioned in 1122BC. These mentions were found in the Chinese book Shu-king. It seems that our dog has changed little in many years of our existence. There is a hypothesis that the Tibetan is a direct descendant of the first dog that appeared on the earth about 5000 years ago. From this dog came from one side - mountain dogs with long hair, and on the other Mesopotamian molosses, images of which can be seen on the famous bas-reliefs.

These huge molosses, most likely are the fatherGreek and Roman Molossians, from which in turn Mastino neapolitano, Bordeaux danes and all the current mastino with short hair took place. After the book of Shu-king we will open the works of Aristotle, where we will also find mention of the Tibetan mastiff. However, the description of the philosopher is far from reality, because he talks about a dog that is a cross between a dog and a tiger. The description of the Greek Gosfen is more realistic. He writes only about a giant dog with a huge head and powerful bones. Several centuries later, namely in 1271 Marco Polo arrived in Tibet, he saw the Tibetan mastiff and he made a very strong impression on him. However, the wanderer informs the dog not only evil, but also huge, like an ass. Obvious exaggeration. When the Europeans were able to see the Tibetan donkey, they found that the animal does not usually reach a height of even a meter. However, the comparison for a long time excited the imagination of dog handlers and naturalists.

For a very long time the Tibetan mastiffs were spoken of asDogs, rather legendary than real ones and rarely compared them with Eti. It was a long time after the travel of Marco Polo before another European could meet the Tibetan mastiff. It happened in 1774, when the governor of Bengal, trying to establish relations with neighbors, sent George Buckle to Tibet. The mission failed, but Buckle saw the Tibetan mastiffs and compiled their description. These dogs are huge, mostly long-haired and very fierce. Other, surviving descriptions do not bring anything new. They had to be content until the middle of the 19th century, when real, genuine mastiffs arrived in the West.

However, the legend of the ferocity of the mastiffs was veryTenacious and these dogs were still treated like wild animals than dogs. The first mastiffs were immediately sent to the London zoo. Some dogs died because they could not adapt to the peculiarities of the European climate. The survivors were identified as wild and awarded a sign - "Do not go!" Of course, the character of the dogs of that time was by no means sugar. In fact, they were watchmen, guards and even more likely hunters, and all these roles require a certain hardness of character. In their native country, the breed did not have a permanent own name. The Mastiffs called Dokuy. "Do" is the door, "kui" is the dog. However, this name was given without exception to all sentinel dogs, while hunting dogs were given the name "Shakuy". "Sha" means meat. The name "Docky" suggests that the Tibetan mastiff was primarily a watchdog, not a hunting dog.

A negative opinion is held only by MarcoPolo, who claims that these dogs were used for hunting a lion and a huge buffalo. Alas, these lions were tigers, animals unfamiliar to the Venetian traveler. Polo called buffaloes yaks, animals that were threatening only at first sight those who had never seen them before. In reality, they are harmless and tame. Therefore, it is reasonable to assume that the dogs accompanied the yak herd not to hunt them, but to protect them from predators.

But back to the history of the breed, which in the 20 th centuryShared the sad fate of his country of origin. Tibet was first captured by the British, and then by China. The Dalai Lama was forced to flee and a severe crisis ensued, which continues to this day. This crisis could not but touch the dogs. As always, we tried to get rid of those who are more tall, because it was expensive to keep big dogs. In the end, at home Tibetan mastiff disappeared completely. Breeds were saved in Nepal. There, the king himself took the breed under his protection. In 1966, a special program for the protection and breeding of these dogs was adopted. It was thanks to the Nepalese that the Tibetan mastiff succeeded in winning sympathy in Western Europe. In the late 1960s, when Tibet was already under Chinese rule, free Nepal became a place of pilgrimage for tourists, especially American tourists. They were climbers, who dreamed of climbing the Himalayas, hippies, who wanted to join the Buddhist philosophy. And they all came to admiration at the sight of the huge, noble dogs frolicking in the valley. In fact, the first copies were imported to the United States. However, they arrived there by mistake. In 1958, a couple of Tibetan mastiffs were donated to President Eisenhower. However, he wanted to give two Tibetan terriers, small graceful house dogs. In the American embassy, ​​there was a slight confusion and instead of the president arrived two giants, whom the president, perhaps a little confused, handed over to Senator Gary Darby. The senator took excellent care of them, but did not intend to breed. This involved Anna Roar, who discovered these dogs in Nepal. It was she who became the founder of the American society of Tibetan mastiff lovers. In Europe, Tibetan mastiff is bred in England, Holland, Germany, France, and now in Russia.

However, around this breed, discussions and legends are still being born, and since dogs rarely get information to the public very rarely.

In France, the breed was lucky. The first Tibetan mastiffs was acquired by the famous actor Alain Delon, who always spoke about them with great enthusiasm. Today, the number of Tibetan mastiffs in France is at least 150 registered dogs.

In Russia there are few individuals, but there is reason to assert that there are all opportunities for popularization and distribution of this breed.

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