How to choose a fee
If you decide that you need the right rate, then think for what exactly: for hunting or as a companion. This will help you choose the manufacturers from which you can purchase a puppy.
Already about a hundred years in the breeding of taxes there are three areas:
The first two are also presented here. The decorative direction is quickly becoming prevalent in many countries. Decorative dogs are bred only by the criteria of a first-class exterior, and the exterior requirements for them do not always coincide with the requirements established for working dogs.
Decorative fees are very beautiful, they haveMarvelous turned heads, elegant muzzles with an elegant line of jaws, which, however, are unlikely to be able to hold the beast. Often from the "decorative" you can hear that the working dogs have heads that are rustic, to which the hunters rightly remark that, firstly, they are not stuffed with sawdust, and secondly the beast takes working taxes.
Basically as ornamental bred dwarfTaxes. Problems accumulate, since genetically inherited dwarfism is an undesirable phenomenon, the health and vitality of such dogs are in jeopardy.
If desired, from any work line can be doneDecorative. Hunting qualities in this case are lost very quickly, and the descendants of the working dachshund in the third or fourth generation no longer respond to the beast. The reverse process is impossible.
In those countries where there are no extensive huntingLand and there is not enough good for working with normal dogs, a reasonable trade-off was the sporting direction in breeding. It is perfectly developed in Germany. There, a person who is not interested in hunting or for reasons of principle refuses it, can purchase a puppy from a worker's parents and keep it in shape, participating in sports competitions and tests in an artificial hole.
At the same time, the working qualities of the dog, itsCan be used in breeding to obtain excellent rangers, a high level of exteriors is maintained. In any case, whether you choose an assistant for hunting or a future champion of exteriors, you must first choose the parents of the future puppy of the dachshund, assess their owners, and only then does the last, decisive step - the selection of the puppy from the litter.
It is best to choose the future working dog not onExhibitions, and in field trials or, ideally, observe her work directly in the field. As already mentioned, field diplomas and boning do not guarantee that dogs really have a high class. It is best to spend time and to assess the field quality of the producers themselves.
It must be remembered that first-class dogs are not alwaysGive the same good offspring. Among the producers, the so-called "improvers" are most highly valued, which give the offspring a better self. Therefore, if you are not a specialist and can not calculate the quality of the offspring, based on the analysis of the lines of the parents, it is better to take the puppy from those dogs that already had several litters. Then you can really assess the level of puppies. Some producers give a bough of a higher level than males, others - on the contrary. Sometimes the distribution of qualities in the offspring is quite uniform.
When buying a puppy, fees are better abroadConsult with a good specialist, specifying whether he is interested in selling dogs to this particular owner. No less important is the next stage, which begins after the owner tied a bitch with that dog from which you want to get a puppy.
You should carefully observe howA pregnant bitch is kept, whether the owner is feeding her properly, whether the loads in her position are reasonable. The quality of the dachshund puppy depends not only on heredity, but also on what conditions are created for the mother during the embryonic development of offspring. It is very important to inquire about the owner of the bitch, his attitude to the dog, about how much he is interested in the health and strength of the puppies.
Finally, the dachshund brought the litter. You will pick up the puppy at the age of six to eight weeks. Until then, the entire responsibility for his health, feeding, education rests with the owner of the bitch. It is the first weeks of the puppy's life that the dachshunds lay the foundation of the dog's physical and mental health.
Usually with the owner of a bitch with a serious approachAgree in advance on what sex of the puppy you want to buy from him, how much you are willing to pay, whether you will be given the right to choose or the owner will give that puppy whom he wishes, who will pay registration and pedigree, do and pay for vaccinations.
If you choose a puppy dachshund yourself, thenFirst of all, pay attention to whether he has such shortcomings or defects that in the future can lead to health problems or will forever shut down the exhibition or breeding career for your dog. Puppies should not have any dewclaws. Usually the breeders delete them in the first days of the puppy's life, but this defect is inherited, and it is better to make sure that your puppy is not a bearer of an undesirable trait.
Feel the tail: It should be smooth, moderately flexible and mobile, it should not have kinks, knots, displacements or deformations. A three-to-four-week-old puppy of a dachshund can already see if he will carry the tail properly, as stipulated in the standard, or he will twist it with a ring.
The bite of the puppy of the dachshund can be determined closer toMonth. The wrong shape of the closing of the teeth is unlikely to change as the dog grows. However, before the change of teeth can not be determined whether the puppy will have another defect in the dental system - twin incisors.
Fused dairy incisors canChange to normal constants, stay in the same form or in their place grows one chisel, and you get a dog with an incomplete dentition and the lack of future exhibitions.
Pay attention to color. Although at the rate it is formed closer to the year, but it is possible to estimate the inclinations of a monthly puppy. So, red dogs grow light with age, the nose and claws should be black. Do not believe the seller of puppies with light claws and yellow nose of the nose, which assures them that they will darken with age.
In brown dachshunds, nostrils and claws are allowedIn the tone of the main color. Black-tan puppies can be used to determine the quality of the puppy. With age, it can become less saturated, so the brighter the puppy gets, the better. On the chest, the tan should be shaped like a butterfly with black edges and a well-defined black jumper between the "wings". As the puppy grows, the taxa falls slightly on the chest, while on the muzzle and paws it remains the same size.
Fuzzy, fuzzy tan without a clearly visibleThe border with age will only get worse. Note whether the puppy has white spots or marks on the chest and limbs. If they are small, they consist of white hairs, that is chances that with age these marks will decrease or disappear completely. Puppies dachshunds with white frontliners, tail tip and paws are placed outside the breed, so you can buy them only when you have firmly decided not to participate in exhibitions and not to get offspring from your dog.
Puppies should be absolutely healthy, well-fed, heavy, but not at the expense of a swollen abdomen or overfeeding with carbohydrates. It is better if the puppy is not so thick as heavy.
A well-developed puppy has a head and limbsUsually appear disproportionately large in relation to the body. But if the head is too large, the skull is round, and the limbs are thin and fragile - this is a sign that the puppy was not getting adequate nutrition, and his mother was poorly kept during pregnancy.
Wool in a healthy puppy is shiny, notIt fell and does not stick out. At the age at which it is customary to sell puppies (6-8 weeks), they should already move well, be on their own, be active, cheerful, willing to play, and explore the living space with interest.
Check if the puppy has a dachshund orUmbilical hernia. This is not fatal, but it should significantly reduce the price for it, since you will have to operate it. Do not buy a puppy dachshund with a large hernia with significant bulging of the contents.
Watch how the dachshund puppy moves. It must rest on the entire surface of the pads of the paws, do not walk "on tiptoe" and do not rely on the hocks. Any abnormalities of the gait, lethargy of the hind limbs, a wobbling ass is a sign of a serious illness.
Assessing the physical condition of the puppy, look at theHis character. The dog's personality manifests itself very early and very brightly. Already in the game with brothers and sisters, in relationship with man, in how the puppy perceives the unknown, the character of the dog is clearly visible.