Raising a puppy dachshund
Raising a dachshund puppy is a very important process that can not be neglected in any way. In the development of the puppy from birth to puberty, six main periods are distinguished.
Each of them is important and in each of them a person should control the development of the cheek, closely monitor possible deviations from the norm and correct them in a timely manner.
The first period Lasts two weeks from the moment of birth and is calledVegetative. At this time, the puppy's connection with the mother is not interrupted. His behavior is regulated by innate stimuli and reflexes. The eyes and auditory passages of the puppy are closed, but the sense of smell and touch already work, helping him to reach the source of food - the mother's nipples. The most amazing thing is that puppies that do not have any experience, who do not receive almost any information about the world around, seem to see dreams, that is, they have a phase of the so-called paradoxical, or fast, sleep, during which processes in the brain proceed As well as during wakefulness.
Puppies quickly fingering the limbs, underClosed eyelids they move eyeballs, they whimper and vzlaivayut. It seems that they dream hunting: tracking, harassing and catching prey. The brain processes the information obtained not by the experienced, but by the genetic way, and begins a peculiar preparation of the body for the future activity on which the survival of the individual depends in nature.
Second period Lasts from the second to the fourth week. It is called transient. Eyes, auditory canals open. The sense of smell develops. The puppy begins to receive information about the outside world. He already knows the smells of his place, brothers and sisters. At this age, the puppies react to positive stimuli by tearing the tail. The mother now not only takes care of the puppies, but also begins to play with them, teaching behavior skills. At this age it is necessary to begin to prepare the puppy for contact with a person, to accustom to caress, hands.
The third period Called the period of formation. It lasts from the fourth to the seventh week. Puppies dachshunds switch to self-catering. At this time, a man is burnt to take care of them. He feeds the puppies, provides safety and acts as a teacher and educator. Puppies dachshunds by nature actively seek to learn. Man gradually teaches them to keep clean, accustoms them to the place. But the main task of the owner during this period is to establish a lasting contact with the puppies, based on the trust and voluntary submission of the dog to the owner.
The fourth period To form the nature of the fee and its relationship withMaster in importance is unrivaled. Time from the eighth to the twelfth week is a period of socialization. All the omissions in the puppy's upbringing, admitted today, will respond to great problems during the puberty and maturation of the dog. This is the time of awareness of the puppy as a member of the pack, claim claims for leadership. Puppy learns to defend his interests and obey, his place is established on the hierarchical ladder. The task of the master is without severe pressure, if possible with the mind, not with force, to impose his leadership on the puppy. Due to the nature of the nature of the dachshund, it is necessary that the owner, during the period of socialization, and in the future, as rarely as possible, punish the puppy.
Any education and training, in the endIs reduced to a policy of a carrot and a carrot. But when working with a taxa, the number of "gingerbread" should be predominant. The dachshund needs approval. It is easier to educate and educate, not punishing for wrong actions, but vigorously approving and encouraging the right and desired actions. In the period of socialization, the owner must begin with the taxa work on mastering the course of obedience. Dachshunds are extremely smart and power-hungry and will try to occupy a dominant position in the pack consisting of a dog and a man. Acting gently, but persistently, achieve that the leader recognized you.
Fifth period, Which lasts from 13 to 24 weeks, is calledThe period of subordination. This time corresponds to the transition period in children and creates the same problems for adults as the owner of puppies. If during the period of socialization the owner missed the initiative or made gross mistakes in upbringing, the tax will avenge him disobedience. But properly formed dachshund will try to show "who is the master of the house." She does not listen to commands, ignores the owner, can punish aggression or flee to punishment. As with adolescents, with fees, during the establishment of subordination, reasonable rigor is required in combination with the maximum workload of their new information, work, trainings, walks.
Finally, the sixth period Growing up puppy - this is the period of puberty. It lasts from 7 to 15 months. At this time in the dog's body there are huge changes. Her behavior begins to control sex hormones. In bitches, the first estrus occurs, the males begin to raise their legs when urinating and mark the area. At a meeting the males already distrust each other. The instinct of owning territory and the female pushes them to fights or less stormy, but equally fraught with troubles, clarifying the relationship. In dogs, a feature is revealed, due to which many prefer to keep a branch: if there is a choice between subordination to the owner and courting the "lady", they choose the latter. They need to be closely watched, since even the most educated can escape, having smelled the smell of a bitch with a heat. The master's task in this period is to consolidate his dominant position, persevere in training, but at the same time understand with understanding the changes in the mood of the dog. She has already formed as a person, and her desires need to be respected, giving the opportunity to stay in solitude or communicate with the owner when she herself wants it.
Education of the dachshund as a future home pet inIn general, is similar to the upbringing of any other dog, of course, taking into account the characteristics of the breed. If you want to have a working dog, get obedience from an early age, always strive for mutual contact and cooperation with it. Dachshunds derived from working parents have very strong hunting instincts. They tend to climb into any pipe, dig burrows, gambly run after other animals.
It is important to immediately start to manage these instincts. The dachshund must firmly grasp that it is forbidden to hunt cats, poultry, or other dogs. It must from childhood become accustomed to pursue the beast only on command or at the start of the burrow. If the puppy of the dachshund is afraid of darkness, enclosed space, he must be carefully trained to go first into the dark room, then into small short pipes made of newspapers, cardboard or other improvised materials, then encourage the inspection of various holes during the walk. Of course, at the same time, it is ensured that the dog does not get into trouble, does not get stuck somewhere, otherwise such a training will forever repel her desire to hunt in the burrow.