Miniature Dachshund, Rabbit Dachshund
Miniature fees - dwarf dachshund and rabbitFee. It is unusual to see the definition of "miniature" next to the name of the breed, which is not large in size. But, nevertheless, among the dachshunds there are, besides the standard, dogs of smaller dimensions.
The modern standard includes three varieties of dachshunds in size: large, dwarfish and rabbit.
Dwarf taxes at the age of 15 months shouldHave a breast circumference no more than 35 cm, and rabbit dachshunds - not more than 30 cm. The weight of a large taxon is not more than 9 kg. (In males), and miniature varieties weigh: males - not more than 4 kg. Bitches - no more than 3,5 kg. The German standard, followed by the international standard FCI, does not use a parameter such as height at the withers when assessing the tax rate of different sizes.
Small dachshunds have been trying for a long time to withdraw for workIn rabbit holes, so small that even a normal dachshund will get stuck there like a cork in a bottle. Mention of tiny fees is in some sources, dating back to the 19th century.
Mutations leading to the dwarfism of offspring,Often in all animals, and attentive people have long tried to fix the miniature size of the dachshund. But this is not easy, because small dogs give birth to fewer puppies, their birth is more difficult, and the matings are not easy. It is more difficult to calculate the size, health and efficiency of a dog.
At the end of the 19th century, the breeding of rabbit dachshunds proceeded in two directions: crossing a standard sized dachshund with a dwarf pincher and selecting producers from litters of standard dachshunds in size.
The first direction was quickly recognizedUnpromising, since not only the type was lost (the pinchers passed light bones and high-endurance) but also working qualities. But the second gave positive results, although after many years of very serious work and high costs. In 1905 in Germany the Club of fans of rabbit dachshunds was established.
Currently, miniature fees areMore like decorative dogs. They are few in the world and few in Russia and Ukraine. They are more popular in the Baltic countries, where a good breeding material is imported. However, like all varieties obtained by using and fixing a trait that is not inherent in an animal in a natural environment, miniature (rabbit) dachshunds have many health problems and with the preservation of the pedigree type. They do not have a rich, strong backbone, and as a consequence, there is no inherent normal dachshund of a powerful developed musculature - the muscles have nothing to "carry".
Rabbit fees lose beautiful elegantHead with a flat forehead and a barely noticeable stop. At them the form of a head comes nearer to type chihuahua - the forehead becomes more convex, the stop is appreciable because of a sharp transition from a forehead to a muzzle.