Hunting with a dachshund for a badger, a fox
Dachshunds refer to the ancient type of dogs for the wealth of hunting instincts and are one of the most successful human experiences in breeding an animal - an employee and an assistant.
At the rate of pure hunting lines the instinct of work is so strong that it outweighs the craving for convenience and comfort.
Dachshund is distinguished by a variety of huntingTalents. Her main duty is to work in a burrow, but also successfully hunted down small rodents, used as a slow-moving hound, convenient because the beast that leaves the chase at the speed of the pursuer is not in a hurry to run away from the dachshund from all legs, which makes it possible To the hunter to reach him. Due to the sharp scent, the dachshunds were used as bloodhounds, they replaced the retrievers to work on the bloody trail in finding the wounded.
Dachshunds are not afraid of water, so they can insteadIt is advisable to be accustomed to the importation of waterfowl. A strong instinct for the protection of the territory, vigilance, excellent hearing, instant reaction, the ability to recognize danger and fearlessness allow the dachshund to be a good guard dog. That's how many specialties a small dog has!
When hunting for a normal beast, dachshund is irreplaceable because ofHis character. She combines courage and prudence, prefers to kick the beast out of the burrow, rather than tear it, which is important when hunting for a fox, which is valuable just the skin that can suffer in a fight with a too hot dog. Dachshunds are stubborn and knit in work, but they are smart enough and careful to avoid injuries and bites.
A good dog, trained and trained, costsExpensive, even in money terms, albeit in terms of the time and strength of the trainer. Therefore, any hunter will prefer the unharmed dog returning from the burrow to the one that crawls out wounded, with serious injuries, although it hunted down the beast. Hunting season is short, and you need to work, and not treat excessively addicted to fighting dog.
Excessive fervor and malice at the dachshund alwaysWere considered a disadvantage. Hunters valued cautious and intelligent dogs, persistently chasing the beast, hanging on his tail with a continuous voice in the pursuit.
Hunting with a dachshund for a badger
Hunting with a dachshund for a normal animal is not enoughHas changed over the past 130 - 160 years. This is how they hunted in the 18th and 19th centuries. They preferred to take a fox with a taxi. She is not as dangerous to a dog as a badger. And then, and now the dachshund, who took the badger, was a little. Badger is a large and very evil animal, it is more difficult to find it in a hole and get it out, since the badgers' holes are huge, with a multitude of branches, crossings and "floors."
They dig new ways and underground spaces as they goThe former deteriorate, become dirty or begin to crumble. Often the old burrow hole turns into a "communal apartment", in which there live a variety of animals - from mice to foxes. In addition to the main exit, in the badger hole there are always a few spare, located quite far from the inlet. Cope with a badger and kick him out for a shot can only experienced, strong, brave and clever dog.
Hunting with a dachshund for a fox
Hunting with a dachshund to a fox is easier. She prefers not to fight the dog, but confuses her, breaking away from the pursuit in the burrow, or lies, waiting for the attack. Fox has always been a more desirable prey for hunters because of the value of the skin. In addition, the abundance of foxes near human farms threatened losses in the livestock population. Together they went together with the fox. The hunter with the dachshund always took with him an assistant, armed with a shovel, pickaxe, special forceps, and also nets that were inserted into the hole holes to block all exits except one.
Hunted in a rainy, windy weather, whenFoxes prefer to hide in the hole. To the detected hole approached from the windward side, without producing noise. The dog had to behave very quietly, do not whine, do not bark, do not give out anything of the hunter's presence. All the holes that can serve as an exit from the burrow were covered with nets weighted around the edges with sewn-in bullets so that the beast did not break, but got entangled in them. One hole was left open and a dog was launched into it. The dachshund was unhappy and quickly examined possible fox shelters. The hunters listened attentively.
If the dog quickly returned from the burrow without feedingVoices, concluded that there was no beast, and went to explore the next hole. If the dog gave a voice, the hunters literally lay with their ear to the ground, and listened attentively to how the dog worked. At the same time, the assistant began to dig up the hole, hot and podozadirivaya this dog. The dachshund was to pursue the fox in the hole, keeping up with the voice continuously, and driving the beast into a dead end, where they were dug together, or by persistent pursuit, titillating and barking, to force the fox to jump out of the burrow into the prepared mesh-purse overlapping exit.
To work under the ground, adult dogs were used. Experts stressed that a good dachshund should not be too large or too shallow. The dog preferred strong and tireless. If they hunted in places with loose soil, they tried to use larger and stronger dachshunds that detained the beast at a dead end, while they were dug by hunters. In a terrain with stony soil, where it was inconvenient to dig, preferred smaller, dexterous, malicious dachshunds, which persecutively forced the fox to leave the burrow.
Always preferred dogs that do notTry to enter into a fight with a fox, even if they are able to take it right, bite and even pull it out of the burrow, and those that avoid a direct collision, niggle the beast until he jumps out of the hole. The dachshund, sitting on the tail of the beast, no longer had to leave the burrow, even when wounded. Hunting with dachshunds did not start earlier than they would be a year old, although experienced Norits knew that the dog was often ready to hunt not earlier than one and a half to two years of age.
By the end of the 19th century in European countriesThe area of the grounds where they hunted with the hounds decreased. Therefore, the dachshund was increasingly used as a hound for a walking hunter. Dachshunds were good because they drove the beast slowly, but without driving him in excitement too far from the hunter. Thanks to the excellent lower instinct, they easily took a trace, insistently walked along it, they were able to give a voice if they saw the beast, that is, they walked in a sighted way. The hunters liked that the beast did not fear dachshunds, let it get close enough, leaves the dog slowly, which enabled the hunter to catch up with the beast and come close enough for the shot.
As a hound, the dachshund was used to hunt forRabbit, marten, otter, ferrets, ermine, forest goat, even wild boar. Dachshunds were distinguished by patience, with a miss of the hunter for the first time easily found a fresh trail and indicated the new location of the beast. The universality of the rate was that it was not adapted only to any strictly defined hunting conditions.
For a rabbit and a hare the dog walked along the thicket andThick bush, in the forest, she stopped the boar, barking and dodging the beast, until the hunter stole and shot; Pursuing the otter, the dachshund went into the water; Martens and ermines pounded the tree like a huskie, and barked before the approach of the hunter. Although the hunters already noted then that the universality of the dachshund goes somewhat to the detriment of its basic abilities as a normal dog, it was nevertheless readily used as a replacement for the whole working school. L.P. Sabaneev noted that the dachshund "can easily be accustomed to perform the duties of a bloodhound and retriever, bring the dead bird from the water, find a wounded or killed beast and inform the landlord."
Now they prefer to hunt for foxes,Raccoon dog and badger. The badger is hunted only where the number of this animal is large enough. Hunters are required to restore the excavated badger burrows. In Russia, in some regions digging holes with subsequent restoration is allowed, but in Belarus and Ukraine such a method of producing a badger is prohibited, since the badger here has become a rare animal.