Dyskopathy in Dachshund: Symptoms, Treatment
All modern breeds of dogs are the result of purposeful human breeding. The main purpose of breeding was to improve the character and appearance of the dog for specific needs of people.
In pursuit of perfection sometimes occurGenetic failures, manifested in various animal diseases. Unfortunately, cheerful and cute dachshunds did not escape this fate. This breed has a predisposition to discopathy - the pathology of the intervertebral discs. This disease can be detected in dogs of any breed, but in veterinary practice it is the rates that are the most vulnerable to discopathy.
Causes and manifestations of the disease
The origin of this disease is associated withGenetic predisposition. It is possible that some deviation in DNA occurred during the breeding of the rock, which led to the fact that the intervertebral discs of the dachshund became weak and susceptible to destruction and displacement. The development of the disease contributes to the structure of the body of the dachshund: a long back and short paws.
Discompathy is more common in dachshunds at the age of4 to 9 years, a predisposition by sex was not seen. But the research confirms that more often discopathy develops in dogs that have a sedentary lifestyle than their active relatives. Very rare cases of disease in dachshunds, constantly engaged in northerly hunting.
The essence of the disease is that there are changes in theIntervertebral discs that are located between the vertebrae. Disks play an important role in the distribution of the load on the spine and in the first place suffer from this load. The intervertebral disc begins to deform, its edges protrude beyond its natural limits and squeeze the spinal cord and nerves that leave it.
In addition, under the influence of loads,Degeneration of the disc tissue. It loses its functional properties and elasticity, which leads to the fact that the jelly-like contents of the disc are squeezed out into the cavity of the spinal cord. From this moment, pathological changes begin in the spinal cord and spinal column. Violated circulation of fluid in the spinal cord, irritation of its membranes, there is swelling of the tissues and thrombosis of the capillaries.
Further, necrosis occurs, that is, deathDamaged tissues. All these complex phenomena seem to look as if the dachshund has experienced a sudden paralysis, and lead the owners into indescribable horror. Especially if the discopathy appeared as if without cause, without previous injuries and injuries.
The whole insidiousness of this disease is that it can develop gradually and externally in almost no way to manifest itself, but in fact, the discs will already have pathological changes.
Symptoms of discopathy in dachshunds
The initial stage of the disease does not appear externally. The dachshund begins to experience pain and to show signs of anxiety when the disc is already deformed and shifted from its place. But again the pain threshold for all dogs is different, sometimes even squeezing fluid out of the disc occurs without pain, but more often, of course, is accompanied by acute pain.
The first alarming symptoms of discopathy are manifestedIn the anxiety of the dachshund, which, as it were, can not find a place. She whimpers, constantly moves to another place, can bite her beloved master if he tries to take her in his arms. The motor activity is severely limited:
- The dog does not tend to jump on the couch,
- Do not jump at you when you meet,
- Becomes sad and irritable.
The back looks like a hunchback and is fixed in suchPosition, the stomach is tense. The situation is complicated by the fact that such a clinical picture can accompany other diseases: diseases of internal organs, other diseases of the spine, diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
Also, the initial symptoms canTo be absent or to appear so insignificant that the owners of the dachshund do not notice them until the dog is partially or completely paralyzed. An accurate diagnosis can be made with the help of special studies:
- Magnetic resonance imaging,
With the help of these studies, localization of discopathy and the degree of destructive changes in the tissues of the disc and the spinal cord are determined.
Treatment of discopathy in dachshunds
It is difficult to guarantee the success of treatment in advance. Usually well give in to treatment of a condition when there comes a paralysis of hind limbs. The worst prognosis in cases of full paralysis of limbs with loss of sensitivity, but there are cases when such dachshunds could be put on paws and return to them the joy of free movement.
There are two ways to treat discopathy -Conservative and operational. It should be noted that in itself, discopathy is not treated, but the results of its action on the nervous system are treated, which lead to immobility. In other words, you can cure the dog after the first attack of discopathy, but there is no guarantee that the situation will not happen again.
The earlier to start treatment, the more positiveThere will be a forecast. The veterinarian prescribes anti-inflammatory drugs and medications to improve the blood supply to the spinal cord. Measures are taken to restore the injured disk. When the stabilization of the condition begins, usually this occurs not earlier than in a couple of weeks, the emphasis in treatment is on restoring the functions of the spinal cord.
An important point is the stimulation of the motorActivity of the dog: she is given a massage, induced to move, taken out for walks. The period of recovery after an attack of paralysis begins, which can last as several days, and several years. Operative treatment of a discopathy is capable to spend far not each doctor. Operations on the spine are often carried out in Europe, they are not so common in Russia.
The owner of the fee must understand that in the processSurgery may occur complications, and in itself, its conduct does not guarantee the recovery of the dog. After the operation, I still have to take a course of conservative treatment. The essence of the operation is that the dog under anesthesia removes the damaged parts of the intervertebral disc.
Discompathy is a difficult problem for dachshunds and theirOwners. Reduce the likelihood of its appearance can be if you choose a puppy from the parents in the genetic heritage of which there were no cases of such a disease. The only prevention of discopathy is the active way of life of the dachshund from the first months of her life.