History of the breed Siberian Husky
He looks like a wild wolf, but by the nature of the HuskyFriendly and peaceful. These handsome men can not sit still and always tear apart. Long ago, their ancestors served people in Siberia, and then thanks to the Chukchi came to Alaska during the gold diggers. Husky hoes are so fond of Americans that they turned this breed into a national treasure and made it popular all over the world. And that no one forgot about the birthplace of these noble, good-natured animals, they were called Siberian.
An American from Siberia
Near the lake Baikal found rockFigures depicting the first four-legged friends of a man. Judging by the age of the find, they appeared 4 thousand years ago. These pets served as nomadic hunters in the vicinity of the Anadyr plateau. Moreover, all the dogs were sledges - in conditions of severe Eastern Siberia, it was impossible to survive without their help.
Faithful dogs were transported in sleds not onlyOwners, but also equipment, as well as booty and trophies. They were not strong, like deer. But in endurance no one was inferior. Pets of Siberian hunters could spend hours walking along snow-covered plains, overcoming snowstorms, deep drifts and piling up ice. And the needs of seasoned dogs in food and rest were minimal.
A rich pedigree
It is believed that the first sled dogs appeared inGreenland. But this breed has no family ties with the Siberian husky. However, the relatives of our hero have more than enough: Alaskan husky, Siberian husky, Alaskan klikai, American Indian Husky, dog Seppala and Chinook.
To its centuries-old development the breed is obliged to the Okhotsk nationalities, in particular to the Asian Eskimos and the Chukchi. For one team, at least 9 dogs were needed. Try, feed this crowd!
Fortunately, the Siberian peoples not only successfully hunted, but also actively extracted fish from the seas. All the catch was dried in reserve, so that the hunters always had, than to provide the faithful pets.
By the way, the nameless breed has acquired a name, too, thanks to its bold masters. Pale-faced people called the Eskimos in abbreviated form - "Eski". And their dogs with a wolf's muzzle and a thick coat were given the nickname "husky".
Over time, gold miners began scrupulouslyPick up dogs for their harnesses. More often the large malamutes of the North American Eskimos were used, but among them came small specimens imported from Chukotka. Each harness was the pride of the owners. And soon for the entertainment in Nome was organized the first race.
This happened in 1908 thanks to the coachSled dogs to Alexander Allan, who was called the king of the Arctic ice. Here the Huskies showed themselves. They did not win prizes, but they did not lag behind the rivals a single step. Spectators dubbed small four-legged riders "Siberian mice."
The next time in the competition took partMore than 20 gray husks, bought in the village of Markovo in the Chukchi Territory. One of the teams with the "mice" came third. And the next year the husky took first place.
This Siberian breed completely changedThe idea of a harness. The construction of the sled was facilitated, so that it would be easier for compact dogs to pull. It turned out that the lightweight harness from the husky moves faster. So even the North American Eskimos set four-legged "Siberians" instead of malamutes. Now it was possible to travel along snow-covered plains to the lungs.
What happened next?
The last delivery of Chukchi sled dogs to AmericaOccurred in 1930. By this time the Siberian Husky was considered a separate breed and differed markedly from its ancestors. After 2 years, a standard was created, and six years later, a club of Husky lovers appeared. In Chukotka, however, the breeding of compact sled dogs was neglected. They were considered too small to transport cargo. Therefore, the ancestors of the American breed survived a little.
But the modern Siberian huskySled dogs of the beginning of the last century. Over time, the speed of the rock was not enough to win the race. Because of the breeding included hounds and cops. The received mestizos are different from the husky, but the breed is not considered.
The working type of Husky is rare. He does not shine with external beauty. These pets are smart, unpretentious and hardy. However, they are not used to transport cargo. Usually sled dogs ride sleds with tourists in Alaska throughout the winter season. Sometimes the breed also participates in ski races on dogs - skijoring.
The Great Race
In 1925, in the already mentioned Nome, there was aEpidemic of diphtheria. Hundreds of children were on the verge of life and death, but the doctors could not do anything - there was no serum. She was taken directly from Seattle by plane. But over Alaska began the Arctic storm. The medicine did not reach its destination, but was dropped in Anchorage. Through the storm you could only get on a dog harness - it's more than 1000 km of the way!
For the work took Leonard Seppala on a harness withThe leader of the Togo Huskies. He took the medicine and, without delaying a single minute, set off on the return journey at night. The storm did not subside, and the man chose a short road: right on the icy surface of the Norton Bay. Although the temperature was -30 degrees, the ice frightenedly cracked-the sea was too close. In a moment the ice floe with the harness broke away, and it was carried away. (Read the articles: "Dogs heroes" and "Monuments to dogs")
Fortunately, a couple of hours later the drifting harnessNailed to the shore. Immediately, the leader Togo jumped to the bank and paws in the snow drifts. The dog kept the harness until all the dogs moved to the hard ice. Thanks to this, the crew was rescued, and the medicine arrived in Nome. Five days later the epidemic was stopped. But the race for the snow storm was the last for Togo. When they arrived at the place, the paws were taken away from the dog.
Togo was a unique leader: he was perfectly oriented in the dark, he could easily inspire frozen, hungry and tired dogs, he knew how to find cracks and holes in snowdrifts.
The most famous feat clearly illustrates the outstandingAbility of this breed and recalls its needs. From the Husky does not work flat and sofa dog. But if you lead a sporting life, the descendant of the ancient riding dogs will be your best companion.