Sharpei. History of the breed
Sharpei in Chinese means a dog with a sand skin. For someone who is not familiar with this breed, this unusual name may seem meaningless.
However, it is enough to see shar pei onceAll at once it became clear. Without a doubt, this is one of the most unusual dogs, whose wrinkled skin puts a man in front of an alternative, or fall in love with shar pei at first sight, or take him for a monster, for the mockery of nature.
Wrinkled skin is a hallmarkThis breed, known since ancient times, since the era of the Han Empire, or from 206 BC. It is this year that the statue of shar pei, stored in the Museum of Oriental Art of San Francisco and called a dog from Chinese tombs, is dated.
It is believed, for the first time, that the shar peiAppeared in the Chinese city of Tai-li in the province of Kwantung. Initially Shar Pei was displayed as a hunting and fighting dog. But over time, these qualities became less pronounced, as he acquired many other remarkable characteristics. The maximum number of shar pei was counted during the reign of the Chinese Ming dynasty (1367 - 1644), but the famine and wars characteristic of that historic period led to a significant reduction in the number of these dogs.
But this was not the worst period for shar pei. The hardest times came in the period of the so-called "Cultural Revolution" in the 1940s and the advent of the communist way of life in this country. The Communists considered domestic pets a luxury, and the owners of the dogs were forced to pay an unbearable tax, and even later the leader of China, Mao Zedong, published a law according to which all domestic animals (cats, dogs, etc.) were declared bourgeois remnants and symbols of futility and were subject to Mass destruction.
The breed of shar pei was kept only in Taiwan. Until 1971, shar pei was considered an extinct breed. However, in the period from 1971 to 1975, a group of admirers and enthusiasts of the breed began to carry out the operation to save and preserve shar pei. A group of rescuers led by SM Chen and Matho Lowe sought out and bought the surviving dogs and sent them to Hong Kong to restore the breed. For these purposes, in Hong Kong, Matho Low founded the world's first kennel for breeding Chinese shar pei "Down Homes".
In 1978 Sharpei achieved a dubiousPrivileges to enter the Guinness Book of Records as the world's rarest dog. And this fact, most likely, became the cause of interest to this breed, which flared up first in the US, and then in the rest of the world.
Since the 1980s, this interest has been growing steadily, and today sharper mania has swept Europe, where puppies of this breed are in demand despite the high price.