A breed of St. Bernard dogs, a rescue dog
St. Bernard - a dog-nurse, a dog-rescuer,Possessing an impressive constitution, combining kindness with enormous physical strength, St. Bernard is not only an excellent watchdog, but also the best friend of children whose flirting and jokes he accepts with unlimited patience, ready at any moment to rush to their defense.
He not only protects children from ill-wishers, but also teaches them (!) To avoid them as if they were his own puppies.
St. Bernard is a rescue dog
The one who divides the roof with St. Bernard knows byExperience, with what selflessness these dogs rush to the aid of their wards! And not only in the mountains, but also on the water, and on fire, and in general in any situation associated with danger. Friendly, playful, affectionate with his master and his family, St. Bernard remains a puppy all his life. Possessing Hercules, the strength of St. Bernard comes out victorious from the bout with any dog.
Character and description of St. Bernard. Balanced and obedient, smart andGood-natured, but possessing an independent temper, he reacts vividly to foreign dogs, but never shows aggression. On the other hand, St. Bernard belongs to dogs of large breeds and possesses great physical strength, St. Bernard is practically irresistible. And whoever dare attack him will inevitably regret it. Due to the sharply developed sense of responsibility for the house and family, he does not know his peers as a guard dog.
Rescue activities of the St.Bernards in general and,In particular Barry, devoted a lot of literature. In numerous studies an attempt is made to understand the almost mystical abilities of these dogs. The diligence with which they are engaged in saving people is comparable in strength to the instinct of a hound or bloodhound! It invariably leads to a blind alley of specialists in the psychology of animals.
What are the qualities and characteristics of a rescue dog
Scientists who conducted the study of the St. Bernards,Admires the ability of dogs to "anticipate" a snowstorm 40 minutes before its start and to smell the smell of a man, with a favorable wind, for several kilometers, reach the place where an avalanche has come, often after a long way, to feel where a person is buried, even under a layer of three-meter snow !! They often single-handedly plow through to him, pull the unfortunate person to the surface, bring him to life, and sometimes even carry him to the nearest shelter.
To carry out tasks of this kind, St. BernardThere must be physical strength more than any other breed, as well as an exceptional scent, the ability to navigate and the ability to leave the trail in those areas where at any moment a snow crash can occur. In other words, St. Bernard is able to perceive sound waves with frequencies above 20 KHz - this is the limit for the human ear - up to 80-100KHz, i.e. The sounds that occur from a distance of 4-5 times the limit of human hearing.
This means that St. Bernard can perceiveThe sound wave caused by the movement of the air mass a few minutes before the avalanche! With regard to the sense of smell, which in dogs is 14 times higher than human, St. Bernard treat those dogs as most gifted with this feeling. This is proved not only by experiments, but also by the structure of the mucous nasal cavity, as well as the frontal sinuses - they are more developed than in any other breed of dogs and allow Senbernar to perceive the smells of objects located at a great distance.
As a result of centuries-old selection, olfactoryThe apparatus of the Alpine giant has reached perfection and flawlessly operates even in the conditions of the depleted air of the mountains. According to recent studies, St. Bernard's olfactory cells, in this their unique feature, act on the similarity of infrared rays, i.e. Allow him to perceive heat waves emanating from a still living body buried under snow or debris.
St. Bernard is able to pursue on ice, onWhich does not remain visible traces, people who left forward at a distance of half an hour's journey. In other words, they are able to perceive an almost indistinguishable heat trace! It should also be added that St. Bernard can walk on the ice all day, never injuring the foot pads (as happens with dogs not accustomed to the mountains). Moreover, no one can so easily make their way through the snow, as does St. Bernard, even if he is very old.
All this is due to the specific shape of his paws andA huge chest, as well as anatomy of the hind limbs, giving the necessary push when climbing the mountain. Finally, the impressive size of the dog is the main prerequisite for the physical strength that is necessary for her in the work, as well as the dog's exceptional endurance. The coat is thick and dense, like the Pyrenean Sheepdog and the Tibetan Mastino, which makes them ideally suited for living in the mountains. Stability of St. Bernard to bad weather is almost limitless - he can spend days and nights in deep snow, under the gusts of storms, without the slightest damage to health.
The choice of St. Bernard as a quadruple companion of life will be an unforgettable event for anyone who expects from the dog of devotion, kindness and dedication.