Training St. Bernard
Today, the St. Bernards are trained in accordanceWith modern criteria for working in various rescue services - in particular, they are used to eliminate the consequences of natural disasters, to search for missing persons.
To train St. Bernard begin with 5-6Month-old age, starting the training of the dog with the general laws of obedience and the development of mental steadiness and composure in moments of danger. The subsequent training program provides for the further development of mutual understanding between the dog and the owner, who commands her to seek a hidden object in advance, and then people by smell.
Due to such exercises, the dog very quicklyLearn to find exactly what you need without making mistakes. The most capable dogs are then used to search for people buried not only under snow avalanches, but also under the rubble of buildings, as well as during fires. In different countries of Europe, just as in the United States there have been "rescue clubs" for a long time, which are preparing the St. Bernards for rescue work in the event of natural disasters.
Swiss Schumacher, cynologist and pioneer of the training of St. Bernard So described in 1867 the work of these dogs: "Two males, one young and one elderly, leave the monastery every morning and run along the slope of the pass on a 12-13 km stretch. They reach the most distant huts, adapted for travelers' rest.
Even in conditions of heavy snowfall, they are easyFind a path, trodden in the snow to the gates of the shelter. Dogs themselves also pave this path at the beginning of each winter, trampling and leveling deep snow. For this purpose, they use their powerful breasts and massive paws.
They are so well oriented in the fog, withSnow and snowstorms, that they can be completely relied on as conductors. No matter how incredible it may seem, these dogs, even in the dark, do not move a meter away from the path, surprisingly avoiding all the crevices, including hidden under snow. Many often go in pairs. As a rule, the young St. Bernard, accompanied by a mature and experienced, in case one perishes, the other will bring their common work to the end. "