History of the Rottweiler
The history of the Rottweiler origin dates back to the huge ancient Asian dogs. For a long time, Tibetan mastin was considered to be the only ancestor of all large guard dogs.
Recent studies put this fact underDoubt, although all this has only scientific significance. One can say with confidence that the guard dogs, in all likelihood, appeared in Europe together with the Phoenicians and crossed with local breeds, gave rise to new species.
Of greatest interest areSwiss-German contacts. In Switzerland, in the canton of the "Opentzig" a family of black dogs appeared, like coal, which later spread to the south in the Altelbuch and Bern districts.
These dogs have their originSwiss swaths. In the north, a variety of these dogs settled in Ardovia and in the vicinity of Schaufhausen. Then crossed the German area of Württemberg, where it is possible to cross with local species of sheepdogs and Dutch and English hunting breeds.
So the dogs reached the town of Roth Weyl, whereTheir name was born. Until the end of the Middle Ages, Roth Weil was an important center for livestock trade. Thus, butchers first began to breed and use these dogs, which in the beginning, and were called - "Metzgerhund", that is, the dogs of butchers. In 1901, the first systematic description of the breed of Rottweiler dogs was compiled.
And in January 1907, the first GermanRottweiler Club - DRK. A few months later, he had a competitor, who received the name IRK - an international Rottweiler club. Between these two clubs, there have been years of controversy over whether beauty or functionality is more important.
German club paid special attention to the characterAnimals, while the international club was mainly engaged in the exterior. A single specialized society was formed only in 1921, ADRK - the general German Rottweiler Club.
The ancestor of the Rottweiler breed can be consideredA dog named Lord Von Der Tekka, whose head was already quite impressive in the transverse diameter. Lord was the son of the champion of 1913, Lord Rem Von Schifferstadt, which marked a new step to the heights of the breed. His height to the scruff was 72 cm.