Poodle diseases: symptoms, signs, treatment
"If the doctors are treating our body, the veterinarians are treatingOur souls. " This expression of real dogs does not require comment. A dog is a member of your family, so care must be taken to ensure that it is always healthy, cheerful and cheerful. Unlike a person, she can not report on the state of her health.
Decisive role here belongs to sensitivity,Care and observation of the owners, their ability to respond in time to even the smallest deviations in the behavior and appearance of their four-legged friends.
Signs of a healthy poodle dog
Fans of the breed claim that the poodle is notable for good health. The health of the poodle is judged on the following grounds:
- A healthy dog, as a rule, is mobile, cheerful,With a good appetite. After she wakes up, she will usually be shaken, stretched and joyfully and free to run up to you. She has a normal reaction to the actions of the host.
- The coat is quite tight against the skin, thick. A healthy dog sheds 2 times a year for four weeks, and the patient can shed all year round.
- The eyes are shiny, without purulent discharge, cheerful, with pink sclera.
- Ears are pink, without a large accumulation of sulfur, odorless, pus.
- The nose is wet, cold, although with a newly awakened dog it can be warm and dry.
- The mucous membrane of the mouth and tongue are pink, but in no case are bright red or pale, without drooling.
- Breathing is even, natural, infrequent, without coughing and wheezing.
- Normal defecation and urination. If your pet is guilty, it indicates a disease.
If you suspect something is amiss and notice deviations from the habitual behavior and appearance of your dog, you should check the temperature, pulse and amount of respiratory movements.
In healthy dogs, body temperature ranges from37.5 to 39 degrees. Measure the temperature with a veterinary or medical thermometer. The thermometer is pre-shaken, smeared with petroleum jelly or other oil, gently injected into the rectum and aged for 5-10 minutes. To prevent the thermometer from falling out and breaking, it can be fixed with a special clip with a ribbon.
The normal pulse rate in dogs is 70-120 strokes perMinute. The pulse is counted by pressing the femoral artery on the inner surface of the thigh with fingers, and also by the number of heart pushes from the left side of the chest.
The number of respiratory movements is normal at 10-30 per minute. Breathing is usually checked by movement of the chest and abdomen or by a stream of exhaled air.
Symptoms and treatment of poodle diseases
Sick dogs differ sharply from healthy dogs.
- They usually have little or no response to the call of the host,
- Become sluggish, inactive, indifferent to the environment,
- They prefer to lie more in secluded places,
- Dogs refuse to eat,
- Reluctantly rise, avoiding sudden and rapid movements.
There is an increase in body temperature, rapid breathing and pulse, shortness of breath, coughing, vomiting, diarrhea and other signs, depending on the nature and type of the disease.
If you are convinced that your dog isIn all cases it is necessary to contact a veterinarian. In the veterinary clinic you will be able to accurately diagnose and conduct a course of treatment at home or in inpatient medical institutions depending on the disease.
The poodle owner must know the main signs of the most common animal diseases.
Plague of carnivores
Chumka in dogs is a widespread virusdisease. Of dogs, shepherds, setters and poodles are most susceptible to plague. Dogs of all ages are ill, but more often young growths from 3 to 12 months old. Infected with dogs through penetration of the virus through the mouth, respiratory tract, genitals with direct contact with sick animals, mainly in summer.
The onset of the disease is fever(Increase in body temperature to 40-42 degrees), the nasal mirror becomes dry, can become crusted, cracked. The dog is inactive, trembling, the appetite is lowered, sometimes vomiting. The wool is ruffled and dull. The catarrhal inflammation of the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract and eyes rapidly develops. From the nostrils and eyes is constantly allocated mucopurulent exudate.
When the digestive tract is affected,Thirst in the absence of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea in a dog with an admixture of blood, mucus, the animal loses weight. If the skin is affected, small red spots appear on the abdomen and other places, turning into nodules, then into vesicles filled with pus. Vesicles burst and crusts are formed. The nervous form of the plague is manifested by anxiety, agitation, impaired coordination, paralysis and paresis.
Duration of the disease is different. With a super-stable form, the animal dies in 2-3 days. Mild cases result in recovery within a week, severe cases can last for months. A sick dog acquires lifelong immunity.
Treatment of sick dogs is carried out by appointmentVeterinarian with medicinal preparations depending on the form of the disease. Antibiotics, antipyretic, analgesic, soothing and other agents are used. Vaccination of dogs is carried out as a specific prevention.
Rabies - acute and almost always hard flowingDisease of many animal species. Very dangerous for humans. The main source of infection is domesticated and wild carnivores. From the body of a sick animal, the pathogen is excreted mainly with saliva. Infection occurs when bites and saliva through injuries, scratches of the skin. (For more information on rabies read the article "Rabies in dogs")
The incubation period is from 2 weeks to 2 months andmore. The disease occurs in various forms, but, as a rule, with the defeat of the central nervous system. Dogs often have a violent form, flowing in three stages. The first is characterized by an unreasonable change in behavior:
- Perversion of appetite (ingested inedible items),
- Increased response to external stimuli.
After 1-3 days, the 2nd stage -
- Worries increase,
- Difficulty swallowing as a result of muscle paralysis,
- The lower jaw hangs,
- The tongue protrudes,
- Saliva is abundantly allocated.
In the third stage, general oppression, weakness, exhaustion develops and after 4-5 days the animal dies.
When suspected of rabies, the dog shouldIsolate and inform the veterinary authorities. Sick animals are not treated, they are destroyed. Cooked and croaked people should immediately go to a polyclinic. Highly valuable dogs, who were bitten by a sick animal, can be vaccinated with hyperimmune serum and rabies vaccine no later than 7 days according to the instructions. With the preventive purpose, all dogs are vaccinated against rabies.
Scabies in dogs - a disease caused by threeTypes of ticks - itching, kozheedami and nogazhnikami. Zudni live on the head, the lower region of the chest, abdomen, thighs; Kozheedy - on the head and ears; Nipples - only in the auricles (ear scabies).
In the places of dwelling of itch and kozheedov appearKnots, then bubbles, wool falls out, crusts are formed. With zudge scabies, itching is characteristic, especially at night. When the ear forms on the inner surface of the auricle and in the external auditory passage, ulcers are formed, then the crusts accumulate, purulent exudate, which is released to the outside. The dog worries, shakes his head, her ears drop.
The sick dog is isolated. The wool around the affected areas is cut out, the crusts are removed, previously softening them with a 2-3% solution of liquid green soap. Affected areas are smeared twice a week with a 1% emulsion of chlorophos on fish oil, you can bathe the dog in a hexachlorane emulsion containing 0.04-0.05% gamma isomer, in a 4% emulsion of soap K or 20% suspension of benzyl Benzoate. With the ear form, a mixture of FOS-1 and a 5% oily suspension of dicrezil 1-1.5 ml in each ear twice every 7-10 days gives a good result. Two-fold treatment of the auricle with aerosols of acrodex, cydrinum, etc. is also effective.
Obesity is the result of a violation of the regimeFeeding with prolonged use of food with a large amount of fat, carbohydrates. Obesity is facilitated by the absence or restriction of a dog walk. With obesity, the dog's body is markedly rounded, skin folds protrude. The dog becomes lazy, inactive, breathing is difficult, the work of the digestive organs is disrupted.
The main measure of combating obesity isNormalization of the feeding regime and the composition of the diet. Long walks are compulsory. To enhance the metabolic processes, you can prescribe inside thyroid medications: thyroidin, tyranone, tirotan, etc. for 0.1-0.3 g three times a day.
Avitaminosis and hypovitaminosis
Avitaminosis and hypovitaminosis - diseases that occur in the absence or lack of vitamins in the diet.
Avitaminosis and hypovitaminosis A. When vitamin A is deficient or absent, the growth of young dogs is delayed in the diet, they grow thin, vision weakens until complete blindness. The dog becomes depressed, loss of appetite, impaired function of the gastrointestinal tract, diarrhea.
The daily long-termWalk in the fresh air, in the diet to introduce food rich in vitamin A (liver, milk, butter, fish oil, etc.), you can prescribe vitaminized fish oil in a dose of 15-20 thousand IE, subcutaneously or intramuscularly - trivitamin 0,5 -1 ml, trivit with food for 3-4 weeks, one drop per day, irradiation of the dog with a mercury-quartz lamp.
Avitaminosis and hypovitaminosis of group B. More often in dogs, there are hypo- and avitaminosis B1, B2, B5 and B6. At dogs the appetite is lost, there comes slobiness, emaciation, vision is broken, sometimes hair falls out, there are pareses and cramps.
A dog needs to enter into the diet meat, rawLiver, yeast, milk, fish and other products rich in B vitamins. It is possible to use medicinal products: for hypo and avitaminosis B1 - thiamine bromide orally 1-10 g 2-3 times a day or intramuscularly 0,001-0,01 g In the form of 1-6% solution for 5-7 days; With hypo- and avitaminosis B2 - riboflavin in a dose of 1-10 mg orally; With hypo- and avitaminosis B5 - nicotinic acid inside by 0.25 g / kg body weight poodle for 8-12 days; With hypo- and avitaminosis B6 - vitamin B6 in the form of powder or tablets in a dose of 0.02-0.08 grams 10 consecutive days.
Avitaminosis and hypovitaminosis C. The dog decreases appetite, tenderness of muscles andJoints, gums bleed, then on them appear ulcers (scurvy). To sick dogs prescribe rich in ascorbic acid feed (milk, salad, carrots, nettle, etc.) Inside give ascorbic acid 0.02 - 0.1 g for 15-20 days.
Avitaminosis and hypovitaminosis D.
In the beginning there is a violation of appetite, the dogBegins to eat clay, own feces, licking walls, floors, then diarrhea, then constipation. Growth in the young stems, joints increase, bones are deformed, i.e. There are signs of so-called rickets in dogs.
In the summer, dogs need to stalk for a long time,In winter - irradiate with ultraviolet rays. In the diet, fish oil is introduced with 10-25 ml per day, bones, fish meal, etc. Vitamin D is also given in oil or fish oil, 1000-3000 IU per day.
Avitaminosis and hypovitaminosis E is manifestedViolation of the function of reproduction. In males there is impotence, in females - abortions, stillbirth. All this negatively affects the breeding work in dog breeding.
A dog in the diet must enter raw meat, milk, subcutaneously or intramuscularly trivitamin 0,5-1 ml. With food, you can give a dose of 1 drop per day or an intramuscular Levite 0,3-0,5 g.
Avitaminosis and hypovitaminosis are especially dangerous for young growing dogs, therefore it is necessary to carefully monitor the quality of their diet, the regime of feeding and maintenance.
In some diseases, dog owners can themselves provide first aid to their pet or even treat it on the advice of a veterinarian.
Wounds, abrasions - damage to the skin or mucous membranesShells. It is necessary to stop bleeding, if it is, cut the wool around the wound and treat it with tincture of iodine. Wound powder powder of sulfonamides or iodoform, boronic acid and apply an aseptic bandage. (Read more about wounds in the article: "Dog Wounds")
Injury - damage to tissues without disruption of integrityCover. Notice swelling, tenderness, bruising. Initially, it is recommended to apply cold, pressing bandage, to ensure peace. After 2-3 days apply warming compresses, heat.
Conjunctivitis - Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye. There is redness, lacrimation, mucus, pus. Eyes are washed with a 3% solution of boric acid orivinola, strong tea, grease hydrocortisone, penicillin or other aseptic ointment.
Inflammation of the external auditory canal. It is observed as a result of accumulation and decompositionEarwax, the introduction of parasites. Symptoms are noted, the dog shakes his head or holds it on his side, rubs his ear with his paw, a purulent mass accumulates in his ear. First of all, it is necessary to remove accumulated exudate with a cotton swab moistened with a 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide, soda or warm soapy water. The ear can be syringed with one of these solutions. After that, the aural hole is powdered with tricylline.
Ringworm in dogs Is a contagious disease caused by fungi. The skin is affected more often on the neck, head, limbs. On it appear the small bald spots of the round form, then they are covered with scales, crusts. Affected areas of the skin should be softened and washed with warm water and soap. Lubricate with a 10% solution of iodine, salicylic alcohol, 1-5% emulsion of Yuglon on fish oil or pure birch tar, 10-25% trichocetin liniment, etc. The treatment is repeated 2-3 times. It is good to give griseofulvin daily on 20-50 mg / kg of weight for 8-10 days.
Head lice - wingless insects. Most often appear in the cold season, when the dog has a thicker coat. The reason is poor hair care. There is itching, scratching, hair loss, peeling of the skin. For treatment in the warm season, use 0.7% solution of chlorophos or carbophos, 0.15% emulsion of cydrin, 4% emulsion of soap K, 4% solution of tobacco dust. In cold weather, it is better to use 3-5% chlorophos or carbophos dust, 3% -sewf. Recently, aerosols dermatozole, insectol, hematopinosol, etc. have been widely used. They are treated 2-3 times in 10-12 days.
Fleas - Temporary parasites. Develop where there is a lot of debris. Dogs have itching, scratching, restlessness, hair loss. For treatment apply the same drugs as against lice. At the same time, the place of dwelling of a dog is treated with boiling water or fire of a blowtorch, it should be kept clean at all times. (For more details, see the article: "Fleas in dogs")
Dogs become infected by swallowing eggs with foodOr water. There are diarrhea, alternating with constipation, decreased appetite, vomiting, emaciation. Parasites or individual segments can be found in the feces of dogs, especially in the morning. For the exclusion of tapeworms are used arecoline hydrobromide at a dose of 0.004 g / kg, fenasal 0.25 / kg, lapotol 0.2 g / kg mass, etc .; Against roundworms use piperazine salts 0.2-0.4 g / kg for three consecutive days with food, nilverm - 15-20 mg / kg once. The dog must be kept on a leash for at least 24 hours, all the burnings should be burned. For the prevention of worms, it is important to keep the hygiene of the dog's contents.
It is better to give medicines with food. Tablets must first be crushed into powder and mixed into food. Can be given with butter. Liquid medicine is poured in with a syringe or rubber bottle. Injections are made in places with the most developed musculature; In the gluteal region and the scapular part of the back. The surface of the body is pre-shaved and treated with iodine or alcohol.
Veterinary first-aid kit for poodle
For first aid, the dog needsBe sure to have a veterinary first-aid kit with a set of medications, dressings and tools. To do this, usually use a small plywood or plastic box, which is strengthened on the wall near the place of the dog. The first-aid kit should be locked, so that the dog does not have access to it, otherwise it can be a cause of poisoning.
The veterinary home medicine chest stores essential items:
- Thermometer veterinary or medical,
- Eye droppers,
- Tourniquet rubber hemostatic,
- Cotton wool;
- 5-10% iodine solution,
- Potassium permanganate,
- boric acid,
- Petroleum jelly for processing a thermometer,
- Antibiotics - penicillin, tetracycline;
- Cardiac - caffeine, valerian drops;
- Means used for poisoning - coal, glauber's salt, castor oil;
- Antispasmodics and painkillers - piperazine, but-shpa; Binders; Anthelmintics; Aerosol against insects.
If the owner wishes, the first-aid kit can be replenished with other medications.