The origin of the poodle. History of the breed
Many people who decided to have a companion dog,Think only about its size. There is a belief that all small dogs are kind, obedient and able to handle children. In fact, many miniature breeds are derived for very different purposes.
For example, terriers and bassets are created for northerly hunting, for which considerable aggressiveness is needed. A small dog is not necessarily calm and friendly.
These qualities must be sought in dogs of theseHome breeds, deduced just to be companions, which contributed to their physical and psychological properties. Not all of these dogs are miniature, but they are all reliable in communicating with children, possess an innate intelligence and a desire for purity, as well as the ability to adapt to any conditions.
Home breeds are many, but one of them, perhaps,Is known more than others. This is a poodle. A dog for all. It can be of different colors and sizes, even an inexperienced person in dog breeding can cope with it. Poodle is ideal for friendship with children and the elderly, and is peace-loving towards other animals. He is famous not only for his charm and beauty. He truly deserves the title of the most intelligent dog in the world.
Once he was a hunting dog, accustomed toBring the game out of the water. The ancestors of the modern poodle were considered tireless hunters with a rough appearance and disobedient character. However, modern breeders, trying to deduce a decorative dog on its basis, created one of the most loved breeds in the world. Many countries have tried to declare themselves as her homeland. The dispute was won by France.
Poodle - one of the oldest breedsDecorative dogs. Poodle-like dogs are known since ancient times. Their images dating back to the 12th and 13th centuries were on Roman and Greek coins, columns of the Mon-Real monastery in Sicily in the paintings of the cathedral in Reims.
Under the modern name of the poodle receivedFame from the 15th - early 16th centuries. This is evidenced by numerous of their images in painting and sculpture preserved to this day. In the era of baroque and especially rococo, the poodle gained extraordinary popularity in all European countries. The first description of the poodle was made by Konrad Gessner in 1555, and after 7 years Gunrat Forer described three varieties of poodle - large, dwarfish and multicolored.
History of the origin of the modern poodleRemains not quite clear. It is assumed that it was formed as a result of the crossing of two ancient breeds of dogs. One of them was a German shepherd dog "sheep poodle" with a peculiar curly hair coat. In addition to excellent watchdog qualities, this dog was indispensable when hunting for ducks, swam well and scared the game.
The second ancestor is the "water dog", widelyCommon in Spain. The wool of this dog was similar to cords and to facilitate care for it on the body from the last ribs to the tail it was completely cut. A water dog was also used by the Spaniards to hunt waterfowl. As a legacy from these ancestors, the poodle received a keen mind, obedient character, a peculiar coat of wool and other qualities, due to which it gained the greatest distribution in the world and popularity among millions of dog lovers.
Poodles appeared initially in France andBelgium, then in Germany, from where they spread to other countries. They were used first as guard dogs and for hunting waterfowl, mainly to search and feed the owner of the killed bird. Light weight and thick wool allowed him to easily stay on the water.
It is assumed that the name "poodle" comes fromGerman verb "paddeln", which means "splashing around", "flailing in the water" or from "pfundelhund" - a water dog. And in fact, the poodle loves the water very much. On the first command of the owner or if they threw any object into the pond, he rushes with pleasure and without hesitation into the water.
Very popular as decorative dogsPoodles were used in the Middle Ages in France. During the reign of Louis 16th poodle was a favorite of the secular nobility, an ornament of fashionable salons and noble ladies. Well-dressed and quaintly trimmed small poodles were so popular that they almost turned into a national symbol of the country.
By the 16th century, the poodle became extremelyIs popular in almost all countries of the European continent and in England. The English prince Charles Rupert had his own poodle, trimmed under a lion, named Boy (Boy), who was brought to England from France. It was believed that this poodle had supernatural power and the ability to turn into royal children. He died in 1644 in one of the campaigns, defending the master. The famous poodle Usach participated in the campaigns and battles of the Napoleonic army and for the salvation of French soldiers and the regimental banner in the battle of Austerlitz was awarded the Order.
Poodles constantly accompanied by strolling artists andParticipated in the performances - showed tricks, collected abandoned coins, etc. To make them more spectacular, decorative and attractive, they began to make hair cuts in different manners. In France and other countries were opened special hairdressing salons with experienced masters in the haircut of a poodle. Cutting poodles are practiced and now, adhering to one of the standards.
Poodle was the favorite dog of the French Queen Marie Antoinette. They say that she invented the haircut "lion", very similar to the lush and frilly hairstyles and clothes of the court ladies of that time.
Approximately from the middle of the 18th century, a largeThe popularity of poodles began to be used among the Russian nobility, and first of all among the reigning individuals and their associates. Catherine II was one of the first to receive a poodle from France as a present. Gradually, the poodle won the sympathy of many thousands of dog lovers in Russia.
During the Great Patriotic War, poodlesThey were used as mine searchers and for communication. At present, the poodle is basically a room decorative dog. However, in the Moscow club "Great Poodle" there are dogs for protective guard duty, hunting for ducks, hares and for filming.
In South Africa on a farm near the town of Hillcrest trainPoodle as the conductor of the deaf, which in this country has more than 3 million people. This idea originated in the hostess of the farm Glynn Anderson and is supported by the National Council of the Deaf. In this capacity, the poodle proved to be excellent.
Very many famous people loved and heldPoodles. In 1787, Ludwig van Beethoven composed "Elegy" for the death of his poodle. Extravagant George Sand traveled in a carriage with two large poodles of champagne with green bows on her head.
Winston Churchill was betrayed not only by his ownFavorite cigars, but also a small brown poodle Rufus, with whom they enjoyed chocolate candies together. Poodle dedicated their works to I.V. Goethe, A.I. Kuprin, S.Ya. Marshak. Rembrandt, Albrecht Durer and other famous painters depicted him on their canvases.