Feeding the German Shepherd: puppies and adult
How and how to feed a German shepherd? After reading this article, you will clarify this question for yourself. German Shepherd is the most common breed in the world. They are intelligent, easily trained and people-loving animals.
When feeding a German shepherd, you need to consider some of the characteristics of this breed.
So, compared to dogs of other breeds of sheepdogOften suffer from diarrhea and have problems with the pancreas. Frequent in them and allergies, which manifest themselves at the age of one to three. Therefore, many veterinarians advocate for feeding German shepherds with dry food, which provides for the prevention of such diseases.
Feeding the German Shepherd with dry food
Dry food has its advantages: Do not need to cook for long, it does not spoil and is easy on the way. In addition, the composition of good dry dog food is balanced taking into account the physiological characteristics and age of the dog.
But to be sure that with dry foodGerman Shepherd gets all the necessary substances, you need to choose not the cheapest - premium and super premium class. They are well absorbed and have a high caloric value. And some manufacturers have special feeds designed for German shepherds, which take into account the specific characteristics of this breed. Such food especially protects joints and bones, supports digestive and immune systems, skin and wool health.
A dog needs to be fed suitable for her health andAge feed. First, it's better to take a little to sample. If the dog eats reluctantly, you can add a little kefir or grated cheese to it, you can soak it with water.
Features of feeding a German shepherd with natural food
Feeding a German shepherd with natural foodThere are obvious advantages and disadvantages. It has a full nutritional value, but its preparation is labor-intensive, and without proper experience it is difficult to properly balance the diet.
In the dog food should be the following products:
- Fresh meat in the diet should be at least 30% of the total volume of food. Better beef, but suitable and low-fat lamb and horse meat. It is better to cut it into slices.
- An adult dog can be given cooked by-products: heart, stomach, liver, udder, lungs.
- Bones of dogs are not fed, and from the age of two months they give a large sugar bone for training the muscles of the jaws.
- Fish should be marine, raw, cleaned from bones. Give it instead of meat once or twice a week. River fish can only be boiled.
- Egg is given only boiled not more often 1-2 times a week
- Dairy products - cottage cheese, kefir, yogurt feed dogs of any age. Whole milk is best excluded from the diet of adult dogs (over six months).
- Cereals in the form of thick cereals should also enter the diet. It is better to cook buckwheat, rice and oats. Bread (gray or rye) is better to give in the form of crackers as a treat during training.
- Vegetables are given grated or finely chopped in the form of salads with vegetable oil or sour cream.
- The most useful sheep dogs are carrots, rutabaga, beets, cabbage, pumpkin, zucchini, as well as raw greens - lettuce, parsley, dill, green onions, celery.
- Fruits and dried fruits (dried apricots, raisins) are given not as food, but in the form of delicacies in small quantities.
Do not feed the German Shepherd with the following products:
- Flour products (sweet bread, vermicelli),
- Beans (peas, beans),
- Potatoes, sweets,
- Any smoked products,
- Salted and marinated products,
- Tubular bones and sausages.
In food, you can not add any spices except a small amount of salt.
Feeding German Shepherd puppies
The diet of German Shepherd puppies is not particularly different from an adult dog other than the dosage and frequency of feeding. That's how many times and in what amount you need to feed the puppy at a certain age:
- Up to 2 months - up to a glass of food divided by 6 times a day;
- Up to 3 months - up to one and a half glasses on 5 times a day;
- Up to 6 months - up to a liter four times a day;
- Up to 12 months - up to one and a half liters three times a day.
- An adult dog is at one time in the morning and in the evening.
Many owners of German shepherds useCombined feeding, although producers of dry feeds consider this unacceptable. With this variant of feeding in the morning, you can give the dog dry food, and in the evening - cottage cheese or meat with vegetables. In this case, the one-time portion is reduced by half, both dry and natural food. But this kind of feeding is permissible only at very high quality of dry forages. And there should always be a bowl of fresh water, no matter what kind of food the dog eats.
Read more on the topic of feeding: Feed for puppies, Feed for large breeds of dogs.