Standard and characteristics of the breed German Shepherd
We will describe only a few Characteristics of the German Shepherd (breed standard) And give a chart to help you better evaluate your pet or the parents of your future puppy.
If you compare a male and a female, they immediately rush intoThe eyes are sex differences. The male is stronger, bigger and more majestic. In his eyes, the attention and charm of authority, because in the wolf and dog packs, the leader is always a male.
The female, on the contrary, must have a gentle and faithfulA view conditioned by her role as mother. No matter how beautiful the dog is, it does not perfectly match the standard if its sex is not visible in the eyes. The German shepherd must have standing ears and an elongated muzzle, which is typical for an adult wolf. In puppies, on the contrary, hanging ears and a rounded muzzle.
Such forms of the Caucasian shepherd, whose psycheIs inhibited at an earlier stage retained until adulthood. Puppies German shepherd strain their ears more often at a time of anxiety. But a genetically correct dog, starts to keep them always raised in the period from 4 to 8 months, although the owners usually begin to worry because of this at 4.5 months.
However, the anxiety should be caused more likely by the small puppy of the German shepherd, Whose ears are already standing. This may be a sign of general weakness in physique. Healthy and strong pups have large, heavy ears, so they later learn to strain them. A weak puppy has small and light ears - it's easier for them to lift them.
Looking at the head of an adult dog, we see that the length and width of the skull are the same. The ratio of the length of the muzzle to the length of the skull is also 1 to 1-m. Therefore, experts say that the German Shepherd Mesotsefal.
The eyes of the German Shepherd must have a semi-lateralLocation and be of a dark color. Now it is difficult to find a very dark eye color, so there is a tendency to reject only very yellow eyes, considering them a defect of the breed, as they give the look of an expression of coldness and mistrust. The eye color of ocher or reddish is acceptable.
Of course, the darker the eye, the more preferable. The ears of the German shepherd are wide at the base with a sharp tip, planted high, stand erect. Teeth should be healthy, properly planted. Bite by the type of scissors. Bite by the type of mite is considered a defect, as well as the forward lower or upper jaw.
Let us pass to Torso and limbs. We will examine them while the dog is trotting. The German Shepherd is not just a runner, but an extreme runner. She can run as long as possible, with as little effort as possible, with long, trotting movements: powerfully and quickly. As the impulse of movement is born in the back of the body, the ideal addition of a German shepherd is one that will ensure the transfer of momentum from the back of the body to the front in the most economical way.
Let's review Neck, Which in balance balances between the head andTorso. The ideal neck should be quite long, about 35% of the growth of the dog at the withers. But the main thing is that it must be separated from a well-discernible harmonious inclined line. With a perfect physique, the axis of the neck forms an angle of 45 degrees with the horizontal line and 90 degrees with the shoulder.
Now consider the location of the shoulder andOf the forelimb. For the German shepherd, the angle between the shoulder blade and shoulder is very important. Once it was supposed to be, as close as possible to the right angle. In fact, you will not find a right angle. Well, if this angle is from 98 to 110 degrees. The inclination of the shoulder blade and shoulder is also important with respect to the horizontal line.
The angle of the blade should be approximately 54Degree. Once talked about 45 degrees, but this in life is not found. The angle between the shoulder and the horizontal line is 55-60 degrees. The shoulder should not only have a good slope, but should be long to provide the desired length of the step. Unfortunately, shoulder length is one of the main problems of modern dog breeders. In addition, the spinal cord is less common.
Torso of the German Shepherd, like the torso of all dogsCross-country rocks can be inscribed in a rectangle. Its length should be equal to 11/10 of the height of the dog at the withers. The withers are that part of the torso of the dog that is behind the neck. It should be high with a backward inclination to ensure good grip on the back and guarantee an efficient transfer of momentum. At a high withers, but without an inclination, its fusion with the back is lost. The back becomes intermittent, and therefore defective. Eight vertebrae, following the withers form the back itself. It should also be long and sturdy.
The sacred German shepherd must be long,Wide, with good slope. It is anatomically formed by the femoral joints. Almost all the muscles that support the movement of the posterior part of the body are attached to them. The ideal angle of incidence of the sacrum is from 27 to 31 degrees. This ensures continuity of the impulse transmission of the back of the body with minimal effort.
Anatomical base of hind limbs largeTibia and tibia. The impulse of movement largely depends on the angle of connection of these bones. The optimal angle is 120 degrees. At a less stupid angle, the limb will lose its strength. At more stupid it can not make a sufficiently wide step. We end with the tail naturally - an element of no last importance. After all, the tail protects the anus and genitals, it is a means of dog communication, and during movement it performs the most valuable function of the helm that regulates lateral movements.
According to the standard The tail of a German shepherd Should be at least ankle length. But now it is impossible to find a tail that is only ankle length. Today, there are often tails so long that the dog must bend them so that they do not drag along the ground. The tail can drag along the ground and if it is too low and if the sacrum is too sloping and if the front part of the body is too elevated, as is the case with hyper typical dogs. In any case, it is a defect.
In order that the German shepherd was in great shape read the article "Feeding the German Shepherd"