Hip Dysplasia in German Shepherd Dogs
Dysplasia of the hip joint is a widespread disease in the German shepherd. This is due to the solid weight of the representatives of this breed, which presses on the joints.
Especially it is dangerous in puppy and teenageAge, when the baby is rapidly gaining weight, but his joints are not strong enough to bear it. And there is a developmental disorder and not the correct formation of the hip joint. Between the articular surfaces, compliance is lost and arthrosis or dislocation arises. The head of the femur is deformed and partially, and even completely slips out of the hollow of the joint.
The causes of dysplasia in German shepherds
Dysplasia is caused by hereditary factors,Which are inherent in a breed such as the German Shepherd and affects up to 70% of dogs. And this pathology can be transmitted through 14 generations and when breeding it is necessary to take into account the ancestors who suffered from dysplasia.
Both sexes are subject to this disease in equalDegree. Another cause of the development of the disease is a violation of the formation of the head of the joint, as well as changes in the structure of the lumbar vertebrae: fusion of the sacrum with the last lumbar vertebra or separation from the sacrum of the first sacral vertebra. The development of the disease is aggravated by poor conditions of keeping and caring for the animals: excessive nutrition and stress.
Symptoms of dysplasia in German shepherds
The first signs of this disease are noted in puppy age: between 8 weeks and 12 months.</ P>
- The baby moves less,
- Begins to limp after running,
- His gait becomes unstable, swaying,
- When jumping and climbing the steps it is obviously hard for him, as well as getting up after a dream,
- The front paws begin to develop more intensively, the bad development of the posterior part of the body is noticeable,
- When probing the thigh, the dog whimpers, you can even hear the sounds of the joint's friction as it rotates.
Disease can go unnoticed untilThree months old. Expressed phases appear even at the age of one and a half to two years. By the age of five, the dog already has hardened connective tissue growths in the hip joints.
Treatment of dysplasia
With mild anomalies and normalJoint mobility is possible conservative treatment. First, novocain blockades of the affected joint and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used. However, if the joint has already lost mobility, surgical intervention is necessary.
This can be a pectinectomy (puppy up to 6Months), triple osteotomy of the pelvis (from 5 to 18 months), hip replacement, excisional arthroplasty or intertrochanteric osteotomy, which are used in the treatment of adult animals. A specific operation is determined by a veterinarian based on the survey. Along with this, it is necessary to reduce the excess weight of the dog.