History of the origin of the collie, the Scottish sheepdog
How did this dog appear so refined and so unlike the ancient shepherd dog, whom we imagine clumsy and uncouth?
Little is known about the history of the origin of the collie. The first mention of British dogs resembling collies is found in one of the books about the dogs of the British Isles of the 1790 edition.
Perhaps the progenitors of the collie were shepherdsDogs that landed in Britain along with Roman legionaries. These dogs were probably black. In one of the Scottish dialects, "kol" means black. The word "collie" comes from a diminutive petting treatment, meaning black. According to one version of the so-called dogs themselves. According to another version of black sheep. Probably, black color dominated this breed for a long time.
Even after the publication of the book "Breed Standards"For many years only black and white individuals fell into it. The ancestors of the collie did not have a long, thin muzzle characteristic of modern dogs. This feature appeared only after the first collie was crossed with dogs of other breeds. Perhaps one of them was a greyhound or a Russian livetka. The long face of a collie is her merit. One thing is clear - the first collies were rude shepherds capable of running all day long, guarding the herd of sheep.
Collie retained all the psychophysical features,Which today would allow her to carry out her former service. But now it is used very rarely to protect the herd. It is rarely used for other types of service and sports - not because it does not have the necessary qualities, but because, fearing care for long hair, people prefer dogs of other breeds. So, a modern collie is just our friend or dog for an exhibition.
Only occasionally it is used as a service dog. One can only regret, because the breed risks losing its natural abilities, which made it so valuable for the pastures of ancient Scotland.