Akita Inu (Japanese) - description of the breed, the nature of the dog, photo, price
Akita Inu is a Japanese song among all dogsPeace. Only the name of the breed makes their fans blush in a smile. If it would be necessary to describe this dog in one word, then "dignity" would be fine. 70 years ago Akita Inu became a national treasure and a monument of Japanese nature.
Most Japanese breeds have become famous amongDog breeders such as hokkaido, shikoku, shiba, kishu, koshinu-ino, etc., but all these breeds simply can not compete with akita-inu. Such a confession was obtained only by her, and so far no dog could repeat her success.
Table of contents:
- Maintenance and care
- How to choose a puppy and where to buy?
|Tendency to training|
|Attitudes towards children|
Its popularity is growing not only thanks toAppearance, but also due to the strength of her captivating nature. Akita is incredibly temperamental and bold, but, at the same time, very obedient and restrained. These dogs were preferred by brave Japanese samurai. They believed that only this breed is capable of becoming their worthy reflection. They were also used as guard of the emperor. This is the result of an excellent hunting instinct and the qualities that nature endowed with the act.
Where and when did Akita appear: the history of the occurrence of the breed
The history of Akita Inu is very interesting, this breedBelongs to the 14 most ancient breeds in the world. These are not just words or legends, this fact was proved by scientists who studied in detail the pedigree of the dog and conducted a genetic study. The remains of this rock are also found in the territory of modern Japan and date back to about 2 millennium BC. In addition, antique drawings were found on which a dog is depicted, in appearance very similar to the modern Akita Inu.
To come up with an original name forRocks, the Japanese decided not to spend much time and imagination. In Japanese, "inu" means "dog," and "Akita" is the name of a mountain province in the northern part of Honshu. The first dogs with a developed appearance appeared in that area as early as the 17th century, and their appearance remained unchanged to this day. They were favorite pets at the most influential statesmen, royal nobility and even emperors.
This is one of the few breeds thatIs truly "purebred" without the "impurities" of new blood. Initially Akita was a favorite guard in peasant houses and an excellent hunter, but in the 18th century dogs changed their class identity and became "elite". A law was issued where it was prescribed that a person who dared to offend or kill akita-inu was subjected to severe punishment. After a while this breed was available only to members of the imperial family and the ruling aristocracy.
It is worth noting that this fact greatly affected theDevelopment of the breed as a whole. The content, feeding and care of akita have become a special ceremony. Each dog had its own servant, as well as special leashes and collars for which the dog's rank and the social status of its owner could be determined. Everything around had to correspond to the respect that the Akita used.
In 1927, the Akita Conservation Society was establishedInu. This was done in order to preserve the pure breed, and that the akit was not crossed with other dogs. During the Second World War most of the Akita Inu were sent to the front for military use. In those days, the cultivation of the Akita a little stalled, due to lack of food and funds for maintenance. In Japan, managed to save only a few purebred, but despite this the breed survived the post-war time and managed to retain all its natural qualities.
There is an opinion that the progenitor of Akita wasChinese dog, which is mixed with the blood of mastiffs. There is also another theory that a beautiful Akita emerged by mixing the Siberian husky and mastiff. Although Akita is a bit like a Russian dog, but they have nothing in common.
In the 19th century, a hugeThe number of other breeds (dogs, bulldogs, St. Bernards). The Japanese wanted to create a more aggressive breed that could protect not only their family, but also property. Today we can not say exactly that incest has somehow affected the appearance and characteristics of the Akita, but thanks to these crosses, such breeds as carafuto and tosa-inu appeared. Over the past 50 years, the Akita Inu has also changed a little, a more powerful and dense complex has appeared, as well as more aggression and temperament.
General description of the Akita Inu
Akita Inu is harmony in everything. Her whole being "screams" that this dog is a representative of Eastern culture with its restraint, tranquility and great dignity. But under the "upper layer" of calm lies an ardent temperament. In the environment of her relatives she is significantly transformed, becomes active and sociable.
This "Japanese treasure" can conquer a personWith one glance only. Her expressive, slanting eyes seemed to be "saturated" with wisdom. Someone may disagree and say that apart from the special muzzle and the "twisted" remembered tail, Akita no longer has anything expressive. But this is not so. Its powerful trunk and proud posture distinguish this dog among many.
Akita is very active and cheerful, she easily attaches herself to her master. But for this, she must feel his mutual love and friendliness.
It's interesting to know that ...Akita's devotion to her friend and masterConfirmed by a true story, which occurred as far back as 1925. The dog was called Hachiko. A small two-month Akita Inu came into the house to a Japanese professor who immensely loved his new friend. Growing up, Hachiko saw off every day and met his master at the railway station. But in May 1925 the professor died of a heart attack before he could return home. A faithful dog has proved his devotion and love for a long 11 years. He went every day to the station and waited for the master, who would never return. After 7 years, one of the journalists decided to publish an article about an incredible dog, and this story received a wide resonance throughout Japan. After the death of the dog, at the station Shibuya in the suburbs of Tokyo, thanks to the collected charitable funds, a monument was erected to the most faithful friend of man - Hachiko.
Character of Akita Inu
The nature of Akita is a combination of all positiveQualities that are inherent in the rest of the breed. However implausible it may sound, Akita practically does not have negative aspects of character. From the very puppy's age, all Akitas are distinguished by a mischievous, cheerful and playful character. Spontaneous attacks of aggression or changes in the mood for this dog do not apply. Her temperament is balanced, it seems that she in any situation "keeps herself in the clutches." Before rushing into battle or interceding for the master, she will thoroughly study the situation, assess her further actions and possible consequences. Akita is very clever, one can even say that she has the wisdom accumulated for centuries.
To negative features of her character can be attributedBoundless curiosity and the desire to be always aware of all the events that are taking place. Its curious and very beautiful nose, it pops into every crack in your house, in every box, etc. Only hearing the noise, it will immediately be in place, in order to know the cause of its occurrence. Sometimes Akita happens too much. But fortunately or, unfortunately, this quality disappears with the passage of time, when the dog is fully matured.
Akita Inu can become an excellent friend of anyFamily, she is also good for single-parent households, for which she is able to become an indispensable companion. If your house has small children, then there is an opportunity to shift some of the responsibilities for the entertainment of kids to Akita.
The most important distinguishing feature of this breed -Spontaneity and individuality. To Akita was able to show all its natural qualities and intelligence, it must necessarily be dealt with from the very first months to the end of life. It is noteworthy that akita puppy is considered to be up to 2-2.5 years old. Paying proper attention to Akita, communicating with her and satisfying her curiosity, you will necessarily pay all the costs and as a result get an intelligent and faithful friend.
After the dog crosses the thresholdPuppyhood and becomes an adult, it appears restraint and concentration. Her behavior becomes calm, and the whole appearance says that she is completely independent. But it should be noted that silent and confident behavior, as well as a serene look - it's just a mask, under which lies a very soft, friendly and sensitive creature.
Akita is ready to be friends with all family members, butUnder one important condition - people should treat her with respect and reciprocate. This dog always appreciates a good attitude towards himself, but it is very easy to offend her feelings. Although the entire appearance of the Akita speaks of its independence and unwillingness to listen to others, it is not. She is not at all inclined to dirty tricks and self-will. Akita is very obedient and even submissive.
To strangers or to potential "enemies" of AkitaRefers to a hidden distrust. She never exposes her vigilance and alertness for show. Everything becomes much more difficult when there is another dog nearby. Whether it's just a neighbor's dog on a walk or a new pet, Akita will always see him as his enemy, which encroaches on her "sacred" territory. In this case, she does not hide her aggression and can immediately rush into the fight. Perhaps this is an innate sense of domination over other four-legged. This is another negative trait of character, when even the most beloved master can not stop his pet.
Akita Inu is very well built up. This is a very strong, muscular, strong dog, characterized by a heavy and flat head with a short snout, a bit like a bear. Its body is slightly stretched, and the chest is wide and flat, the back is straight.
It would seem that this dog is a classical form,But its external appearance is very original. Eyes, ears and a broad forehead make it look like a bear, a wolf and a fox at the same time. Akita by nature has a high growth (from 67 to 74 cm). This is the largest dog among all the Spitz.
The Akita Inu breed standard: the main characteristics
Country of origin - Japan.
Former name of the breed - Japanese dog.
General form: A large dog with a perfectly balanced and strong physique, a heavy bone, a muscular muscle, a wide head slightly blunted in the form of a triangle, a small manhole, and erect ears.
Temperament and behavior: Friendly, incredulous, cautious, bold and obedient, with a strong sense of dignity.
Head: Large, but proportional to the trunk. When viewed from above, the shape of the Akita's head resembles a dumb triangle.
Skull: Wide and flat between the ears, and between the eyes is a hollow, strongly approaching the forehead.
Nose: Lobes large and black, slight pigmentation is allowed only for dogs of white color.
Lips: Black, tight-fitting jaw; Pink tongue.
Ears: In comparison with the size of the head ears of AkitaSmall enough, open, standing. The tip of the ear should reach the eye if you tilt it slightly forward. Ears are in the form of a triangle, but the ends are slightly rounded.
Eyes: The eyes are small, triangular, not convex, dark brown in color (regardless of the main color). The eyelids are black.
Neck: Thick enough with powerful muscles. Short, minimal suspension, towards the shoulders gradually widens.
Leather: Not too close to the body, but not too loose. Light folds are possible.
Back: Straight and level, the loins are muscular.
Chest: Developed, broad, deep.
Tail: Large, overgrown with hair, planted high,Keeps a little twisted and thrown on his back, in rare cases, keeps on the back, wrapped on three-quarters of the ring, the tip while hanging on his side. Coat is coarse and long.
Limbs: Front - powerful and straight, the rear - powerful and wide, a little apart.
Feet: Cat, straight, crumb thick, knuckles stick out.
Wool: Double, with a thick and soft undercoat. The integumentary hair is slightly longer than the undercoat and much coarser. The average length of the wool throughout the body is 5 cm on the tail and on the stomach is slightly longer.
Color: Color can be any (white, red, fawn, etc.)Etc.). Possible brindle or piebald. Any color should be clean and clear, without divorce. Existing spots should be with a clear contour and not blur. The color of the undercoat may differ slightly from the main hair.
Dimensions: The height at the withers in the dog is from 66 to 71 cm, in the bitch - 61-66 cm.
Varieties of Akita Inu
Since the moment when the "modern"Akita, with its unique and recognizable appearance, it actually did not change. To date, there are several varieties in the world that have emerged by crossing Akita with a German shepherd. These serious changes occurred with the dog in the middle of the last century. At that time, there were 3 types of Akita known: fighting, shepherd and hunting. But, at about the same time, the cynologists decided to recreate the original appearance of the Akita, restore its natural qualities and restore the thoroughbred. The result of their long and hard work was the modern Japanese Akita, which today is known in all countries.
There is red and brindle Akita. They are only cultivated in several regions of Japan, but are common among many dog breeders around the world. Tiger color allows the presence of black, red or white. Red Akita is a red-haired dog with white spots on the paws, muzzle and abdomen.
White Akita was bred in the middle of the 20th century. The dog should be all white, except for the black lobe of the nose.
American Akita is a large and stocky dog. Many Russian breeders prefer this particular variety.
Contents, feeding and care
It is worth noting that if you decide to becomeA happy owner of Akita Inu, then you can not worry about the costs of care and maintenance. In this regard, Akita is not choosy. This dog can be kept both on the street and in the apartment. Her thick and warm "coat" will not allow her to freeze in the yard, even in the harshest winter. But still, if you decide to leave Akita wintering on the street, then worry about a good booth with a warmed floor.
And "apartment" Akitas need a dailyA two-time walk, a minimum of 2 hours. During the walk, Akita is more than calm, she steps proudly and with restraint alongside her beloved master. But if the company meets the right kindred, then she happily frolics and runs away. Also, "apartment" Akita will not receive sufficient physical exertion. This should pay attention and do not let her gain too much excess weight. In this case, the dog can become lazy, indifferent and even disobedient.
As for wool, it is also not required hereComplex care. It is enough only to spend 2 days a week on thorough combing and combing out the coils. The moulting period may become a little difficult. At this time, the dog will need your help. To ease her anguish and speed up the process of updating the "fur coat", you need to comb it out with a special brush or mittens every day.
Akita is not a dog that can oftenExpose to water procedures. Regular bathing can lead to various diseases. It will be enough 2-3 bathing per year. And you need to use only special detergents for dogs. After that, her hair should be thoroughly dried with a towel or a hairdryer.
To choose the power for Akita, it is necessary to takeResponsibly and carefully, as indeed for any other dog. Do not feed the dog from your table. The best option is to choose the right dry food. Although you can combine it with a traditional, but balanced food. For example, a couple of times a week to treat akita low-fat cottage cheese or yogurt, lean piece of meat and vegetable broth. In dry food, the availability of all vitamins and the necessary trace elements is already provided. The pet should always have clean and fresh water. During moult it is desirable to combine food with special additives that promote a good growth of healthy wool.
Training and education
If you decide to do education andTraining Akita, then be prepared for disobedience, stock up with great patience and free time. Akita is a very proud, self-willed and independent dog with a difficult character.
It is only necessary to recall the phrase of one of the heroesThe famous feature film about Khatiko: "Akita is a true Japanese, and he will bring you the ball only in those cases if he has good reasons for it". Therefore, if you have only recently become a beginner in dog breeding, then this activity may seem impossible.
The education of Akita must be consistent andAffectionate. But, at the same time, the owner must be firm and "flexible." If the Akita senses from your side at least a hint of authoritarianism, pressure and rudeness, then it can close, hard experiencing this situation. And before you execute the command, she will first think and only after that can perform, or simply turn around and leave. It seems that she simply does not see the point in what her master is asking for.
Educate Akita must start with a puppyAge or from the moment the dog crossed the threshold of your house. It is necessary at the very first stage to make an effort and try to instil in the dog respect for all members of the family, and also to get rid of possible bad habits in time.
Akita becomes an adult after 2 years. If you long dragged and decided to raise a dog from this age, then you may not start. During this period, her personal opinion about everything has already formed, and it will be almost impossible to change her mind. Moreover, if you do not engage in education, training and training of Akita in time, this incredibly clever creature simply can not develop the level of intelligence for which it is valued and loved all over the world.
It is necessary to let the small Akita Inu know thatThe boss in the house you, but also a friend you. The dog should feel equal with you, but do not allow yourself to superfluous. You need to try to explain how you want it to treat members of your family, friends and strangers. In the case of akita, as with other dogs, the reflex of the positive works well in the process of education. Encourage her every success with goodies and kind words.
It is also important to pay attention and allocate time forSocialization of the baby Akita Inu. Since by nature this dog is born a dominant, and even a small puppy will try to "crush" each dog under him. But under the strict guidance of his master, the puppy can avoid the fate of an aggressive and uncontrollable dog.
How to choose a puppy and where to buy?
The very first and one of the important rules concerningAcupuncture - do not buy a puppy on the market or an unchecked seller who will offer you a dog on the street or in the subway. Akita is a thoroughbred dog, and even if the Japanese offers you a pup that says that it's "the same dog as from the Hatiko movie," then do not take chances. The most trusted and reliable place to choose and buy a thoroughbred dog is a club of the Akita Inu breed. Even better, if this club was recognized all over the world.
Here, finally, you got to the puppies. Choose a litter with a small number of kids. Focus on the average parameters. Before you go for a purchase, decide on the purpose for which you want to purchase a pet. Should he in the future become a champion and a manufacturer or a faithful and devoted friend for you and your family. If the first option, then the club must be sent with a dog specialist or an expert of this breed. And if you are looking for a friend for the soul, then focus on the following few tips that will help make the choice yourself:
- The first thing you need to ask the seller isThe pedigree of the dog, as well as the letters or prizes of her parents. All information about health, possible genetic diseases or the presence of an allergic reaction.
- Do not buy a puppy whose parents were in close relationship. This can have a bad effect on his health and development.
- It is advisable to look at parents, talkwith them. Check how well they go on contact, what their character, will be able to notice any particular psyche. Having studied all this, you can "create" the future character of a small pet and understand what you can expect from it.
- Appearance, state and behavior will helpDetermine the choice of a healthy puppy. Observe how a small Akita eats, plays, communicates with his brethren. It is also necessary to check if the dog has ticks, fleas, worms and other parasites. Eyes should shine, ears clean without excretions. The puppy should not give off an unpleasant smell or smell of a dog. The "coat" of a healthy baby is clean, shiny, with no collars. Teeth are even, without damage, claws are whole. It is permissible for a small Akita to be slightly well-fed. But he must be active, playful, without obvious signs of aggression and cowardice.
- The most important thing is the reaction of the newly madePet on his potential host. In his eyes, boundless curiosity and the desire to communicate must be clearly read. His interest should gradually develop into a tireless desire to play. Only then can we be sure that this kid is ready for new adventures with a new owner.
Health and possible problems
In general, akita-inu is quite a healthy dog. But there are propensities to certain diseases, which are extremely rare:
- Dysplasia of the joints - in such cases, the dogCan be simply immobilized. At the same time, she experiences severe pain. The disease is genetic, inherited, therefore, such dogs are excluded from breeding.
- The turn of the century - this defect is also inherited. The edge of the century is turned inward or outward. Correction only operable.
- Zavorot stomach is not a hereditary disease. It occurs as a result of overeating and lack of movement. The greater the weight of the Akita, the more likely it is to turn. To prevent this pathology, it is necessary to carefully select the diet for the dog and monitor the amount eaten (2-3 times a day, in small portions).
Cultivation of Akita Inu and price
Since akita-inu refers to the rocks of the lateDevelopment, and maturation occurs only to 2 years, mating should begin no earlier than the 3rd heat in the bitch. If the dog is healthy and does not have any significant changes in the standards after breeding, then pregnancy and childbirth should go well. On average, the litter of an adult knot consists of 4-6 puppies. Although this breed is characterized by a multiple pregnancy with 8-14 puppies in the litter. Pregnancy in akita lasts from 57 to 62 days.
To cultivate akita-inu must either be a professional orExpert, or a competent novice, but with the help of a professional and experienced breeder. If an illiterate amateur decided to enrich himself by breeding Akita, then you should know that this case is almost hopeless and threatens to fail. After all, the price of a healthy pedigreed puppy is high enough - From 70 thousand rubles and more. Potential buyers are frightened by only one figure. Plus, many are concerned about the difficulties with upbringing and training, and not quite happy with the "unremarkable" appearance of the dog.