Afghan hound, description of the breed, the nature of the dog, photo, price
Afghan, Afghan Greyhound: Description of the breed, characteristics, care of the wool, photo of the Afghan greyhound.
They are real aristocrats with all the attributesGood style. Imagine an elegant silhouette against the background of the endless Asiatic steppe. A long dress of silky curls fluttering in the wind while running. On a high-set head flaunts a fashionable hairstyle. The look is full of dignity and independence.
And complement this elegant portrait of the regalPosture, confident graceful step and beautiful manners. However, no matter how aristocratic the face of Afghan greyhounds is, sometimes their proud, freedom-loving character causes a lot of inconvenience. This is not surprising! After all, in the guise of an aristocrat lies an energetic and brutal hunter whose ancestors have seen much.
Table of contents:
Afghan Greyhound: characteristics
|Tendency to training|
|Attitudes towards children|
From the biblical stories
The Afghan greyhound is one of the oldest inThe world of dogs. History of the breed is estimated not for centuries, but for millennia. Moreover, the oldest evidence of it has nothing to do with Afghanistan. The first relatives of the Afghans are found on the territory of ancient Persia, where Iran is now located.
In the caves there are images of greyhoundsDogs that were made about 11 thousand years ago. It is believed that people wanted this way to perpetuate their favorites, survived one of the worst cataclysms. According to ancient legends, the Afghans were among the passengers of Noah's Ark, saved from a worldwide flood.
The hosts called their Afghans a basin, whichPersian means "one who runs fast." The breed was so loved in Persia that one of the sultans even named in its honor the ancient city of Taiz in Yemen.
Afghans, being Muslim, are enoughNegatively treat any dogs and call them sagas; Despicable, dirty animals. But the greyhound takes an honorable place in their history. She showed herself as an excellent hunter and excellent shepherd, for which she was nicknamed clean.
Images of greyhounds are also found in cavesAfghanistan. But their age is much less: Only some 4 thousand years! In addition, the Afghans can also be seen on Greek tapestries, which were woven in the 6th century BC. It turns out that the Afghan greyhound actively traveled along with nomadic tribes, trade caravans and crew of sailors.
Her short-haired progenitors appeared inCentral Asia and penetrated into Iran and Afghanistan, where they proved themselves as successful hunters for mountain leopards and antelopes, gazelles, hares, foxes and wolves. Soon, thanks to crossing with Persian saluki, Afghan hounds acquired their main trump card - a magnificent long coat that saved them from the harsh climate of the highlands.
End of isolation
Since then, the breed has not been subjected to anySelective experiments, since veins are quite isolated from other dogs. The Afghan nobility, who cultivated the greyhounds, carefully monitored the thoroughbredness of their pets. Their appearance has not changed for thousands of years, but hunting and shepherd skills have developed actively due to constant practice.
In Europe, the Afghans fell only in the other half of 19Century. Soldiers who participated in the second Anglo-Afghan war, brought several representatives of the breed to Britain in 1886. The glory of their pure pedigree, unusual appearance and magnificent hunting qualities rattled throughout the country - and the Afghans became very popular.
The Conquest of Europe
The first valuable copy for the dog handlers appearedOnly in 1907. Captain John Barff found Zardin in southern Pakistan and brought him to the Indian city of Quetta, where a noble Afghan made a furore at a dog show. It was a greyhound greyhound with short hair.
Inspired by success, the military immediately deliveredDog in London. The English audience took the dog to cheer. He won about 55 victories and was even introduced to the Queen at Buckingham Palace! Alas, the charming aristocrat did not leave any offspring, but it was he who became the prototype for the first description of the breed.
A new specimen suitable for breeding appearedOnly in 1926. By that time, two nurseries of Afghan greyhounds had already worked in the UK. In one of them appeared a small dog Sirdar of Ghazni - a representative of the mountain type of greyhounds. His coat was very thick. Otherwise, he was exactly the same as Zardin. Most of the modern representatives of the breed are his distant relatives.
Afghan Greyhound in America
In the United States the Afghans were brought a little later than England. This happened in 1902. Here, too, the breed was accepted with a bang - and in 1926 the first club of fans of Afghan hounds opened. By the way, the breed got to France only in 1936, and to the Soviet Union only in the second half of the 20th century.
Hunter or sissy?
Therefore, when creating an official standard inIn 1968 the breeders described the breed quite dryly and approximately. But its main features allowing to conduct an effective selection of individuals, were named. Dignity, strength, endurance - these three words the breeders have characterized the ideal of the Afghan greyhound, which they have always sought.
During breeding, the rocks of metamorphosis were not observedOnly in her appearance and skills, but also in her character. The first Afghans were sufficiently spiteful and aggressive hunters, who were practically impossible to raise. Therefore, breeders began to select the most friendly individuals.
Breed Standard Afghan hound: Main characteristics
Afghan hounds of a modern type have a strongBody. They move very smoothly, gracefully. Despite the noble bearing, they always feel alert and ready for a lightning jump. Yielding to other greyhounds in speed, the Afghans considerably outrun them in endurance.
These are large dogs with an elongated muzzle andStrong hunter's jaws. An important feature of the breed is a highly planted wedge-shaped head, which makes it easy to see the victim even during a quick run. The occipital protuberance is very well expressed, but the transition from forehead to nose is otherwise smooth. Long hanging ears decorated with silky wool. There is also a bang on the top of the head. Dark eyes of almost triangular shape are set obliquely. The nose is black or brown.
The breasts of the Afghans are wide and deep, which is goodFor breathing and efficient work of the heart. Under the abundant woolen cover, large muscular limbs lurk. The back is strong and flat, but the croup is lowered. The tail is covered with a rare wool, its tip is twisted. When moving, the dog always keeps it high.
They were taken out to hunt reindeer, gazelles and leopards. So you can imagine how fast they are.
Afghan hound can reach speeds up to 60kilometers per hour. This is the speed of a thoroughbred racehorse. Quick and confident in his legs, this dog makes a special structure of the hips. They are located high and at a distance from each other, which allows the greyhound to quickly change direction and be ready for unexpected altitude changes in the mountains of Afghanistan.
Height at the withers, both for males and for females 68 -73 centimeters.
Weight, both for males and for bitches - 26 - 34 kilograms.
Afghan hounds are long-livers among dogs of large breeds. On average, they live 14 to 16 years.
They have no special health problems. At the same time, they are very sensitive to pain. Even a small wound can cause them great suffering. They may have some problems with the eyes, such as cataracts, but more importantly, they have a very low pain threshold, so not even a large wound or pain causes them great suffering. So they should be taken to the vet more often. And there may be problems with their beautiful tail, which is everywhere stuck, they often hurt it. This can be a problem.
Experienced and affectionate trainer is bestCope with this breed. The Afghan greyhound is a serious challenge for the trainer. These dogs have a solid character. They want to be independent and can be pretty stubborn. They may just not come when you call them.
Caution - danger
For centuries, thick wool protected the AfghanGreyhounds in the mountains. Therefore, this rock is not adapted to heat and humidity. High activity in hot and humid weather can adversely affect the health of the dog.
The complex nature of the Afghan greyhound
Recently, scientists from one ColombianUniversity decided to find out which breeds of dogs are the most stupid. Studies have shown that some of our four-legged friends are less able to learn and train. Among the short-sighted dogs were Afghan borzois.
However, the researchers got a little excited,Just Afghans are stubborn enough and arrogant dogs that can demonstrate their proud temper. Therefore, it is more difficult to educate them than other breeds. Hunting fervor manifests itself at the most inopportune moment because of some stupidity: a loud sound or someone's sharp movement.
You will have to spend a lot of time correcting them.Behavior. It is important not to offend the pets. They are very sensitive to rudeness and any emotions of the host. Therefore, when training, you need to show patience and consistency.
Like any dog, Afghans need attentionAnd affection, but are attached to one member of the family, with whom they communicate more often. The rest are respected, but outsiders suffer with difficulty. With small children, too, do not always get along. However, this does not mean that Afghan greyhounds tend to dominate. On the contrary, they prefer peace and quiet. In the usual setting, they are silent and restrained pets.
Caring for the Afghan greyhound
Today, thanks to its aristocratic beautyIn America and Europe, representatives of this breed became luxurious pets. Afghans are podium models of the canine world. These dogs from the cover regularly appear in the press, in films and on television. They even inspired Pablo Picasso to create a sculpture without a name in honor of his own Afghan greyhound.
Not so much in the world for as many pleasant things,How to observe the Afghan greyhound with its developing hair. She is very elegant, holds her head high, is stunningly beautiful. Designed to protect against harsh weather and height, it is the long silky coat that distinguishes this dog. Their flowing wool is a kind of sign. The second characteristic feature is an elongated skull. The long narrow skull is 3 times longer than the width in length. In a dog with a shorter nose, for example in boxers, the angle of view is worse - only 180 degrees, while in greyhounds, including the Afghan, the survey is already 270 degrees.
Like every hunter, an Afghan needsLong walks and outdoor games. It is recommended to run with it for at least an hour every day. After such runs, you often have to send a shaggy dog to the shower.
A magnificent coat is a dignity and at the same timeTime is a disadvantage. It imposes additional responsibility on the owners. It is important to maintain the natural beauty of the pet, to comb every day tangled curls. Sometimes it is better to wash the coat beforehand for a better effect.
These procedures will take a lot of time. And keep in mind that not every brush or comb can cope with such a magnificent head of hair! However, there are pluses. Firstly, well-groomed wool has no unpleasant odor. Secondly, greyhounds are not subject to seasonal molt - they update the wool cover gradually throughout the year.
Remember also that the belly of these dogs is sunken, andThen they have a small stomach. It is important to follow a high protein diet and be sure to include fat in the diet. So active and fastidious Afghans will be able to get the necessary nutrients for boron.
Another feature is a characteristic rounded tail. The Afghan greyhound has a stunning tail - it curls at the end. They tend to get stuck with this beautiful tail in different places and break it.
Dogs of this breed need at least 1 hour a dayActive exercises so that they can run at high speed. But remember, this is a hunting greyhound. If she sees that something is running somewhere small, then she will surely rush after him. Therefore, they should be behind the fence and they need to be looked after.
They are hunting dogs and are used to active life. This should not be forgotten. The Afghan greyhound is better suited for families with older children.
No matter how decorative the breed, itCategorically not suitable for people who prefer a quiet lifestyle. Like many large dogs, Afghan hounds grow very slowly - they remain awkward and mischievous teenagers every year. To educate devout companions from these rebels, it will take a lot of effort.
But if you are ready for difficulties, then you will succeedSee the Afghans on the other side. When the dog recognizes your unshakable authority, it will show its best features: delicacy, poise, affection and devotion.
Price of puppies
The cost of puppies for Afghan hounds varies between From 20 000 to 50 000 rubles.