Kidney disease in dogs: signs, symptoms
The kidneys perform many functions necessary for the life of the dog. They filter and excrete toxic slags from the body with urine, provide the necessary level of calcium and vitamin D.
Kidneys maintain the necessary level of fluid in the body and release hormones that affect the production of red blood cells. Kidney disease is the second most common cause of death in dogs.
Causes of kidney disease in dogs
Kidney disease can occur for the following reasons:
- Unbalanced and poor-quality food,
- Bacterial and viral infections,
- Defects of the immune system,
- Hereditary predisposition, which is present in certain breeds
Most often in dogs there are not acute, butChronic kidney disease. They pass slowly, up to several years, accompanied by a gradual deterioration of the condition. In this process, the kidneys undergo irreversible changes and the disease becomes incurable.
The most common kidney diseases in dogs and their symptoms
With pyelonephritis Connective tissue of the kidneys and kidneysLohanok. As a rule, the nature of this disease is bacterial and arises from the infectious processes of the genital organs. Both kidneys are affected mainly.
In this case, the animal:
- The temperature rises,
- In the field of kidneys there are pains,
- In urine protein is detected
The disease can occur so suddenly that the animal dies in 12 hours. In chronic course of the disease, the animal is depleted, becomes sluggish, with urination experiencing pain.
In nephritis, parenchyma of the kidneys andThe glomerular vessels (glomerulonephritis) are affected. The disease has an immunoallergic nature and is manifested by a decrease in appetite, an increase in body temperature, and depression. Animals often arched their back unnaturally, there are swelling of the eyelids, intermaxillary space, abdomen, thighs, vomiting, dyspeptic phenomena. His mucous membranes pale. As a secondary phenomenon, bronchitis and bronchopneumonia may develop.
Disturbing and dangerous for life are the symptoms of azotemic uremia:
- Narrowing of the pupil,
- Complete refusal of feed,
- Dyspnoea in the dog, convulsive twitching
Symptoms of chronic kidney failure
Most often, dogs have chronic renal diseasefailure. It is dangerous because the kidneys can not excrete the metabolic products with urine. As a result, toxic substances accumulate in the blood: nitrogen, ammonia, acids and others. In this disease, the animal exhibits the following symptoms:
- Thirst increases and the amount of urine increases,
- The dog loses its appetite and, accordingly, grows thin,
- Can be vomiting,
- Depressive state,
- On the surface of the tongue appears a brownish coating,
- In the tongue and gums may appear ulcers, and when breathing noticeable ammonia odor
At a severe stage, the dog develops anemia andThe animal falls into a coma. It should be borne in mind that similar symptoms point to diseases such as diabetes mellitus in a dog, so the diagnosis is established only after a complete examination of the animal. However, these signs are manifested very late, at the stage when more than 70-80% of kidney functions have actually been lost.
Treatment of kidney diseases in dogs
First of all, it is necessary to preventDehydration of the body, because the kidneys do not cope with their functions and together with the urine displays all the fluid. The dog should always have fresh water. In the most serious cases, veterinarians subcutaneously inject the liquid into the dog. The dog needs to ensure proper nutrition, reducing the amount of slag, that is, eating salt, protein and phosphorus. In the diet, you must enter iron and vitamins of group B.
If the dog eats dry food, you can go toA special renal diet, which is produced by some manufacturers, for example, Hill's and Royal Canin. It is necessary and timely medication, which should be systematic and supportive, aimed at detoxifying the body.
The course of antibiotic treatment should be carefullyAnd the drugs are chosen with the least nephrotoxicity. Thus, tetracyclines, polymyxins, aminoglycosides, cephalosporins are contraindicated in renal diseases. Therefore, appoint a treatment, as well as make a diagnosis, should only the vet.