Paw fractures in dogs, bones, pelvis, spine, tail: symptoms, treatment
Fracture is a complete or partial violationIntegrity of bone. Fractures in dogs can be closed (the integrity of the skin is not broken) and open (integrity is broken, the bone comes to the surface).
Causes of fractures
First of all, these are different mechanicalEffects, that is, different injuries in dogs: bruises, bumps, falls on a hard surface, jerks, sharp jerks, gunshot wounds. Less common are the pathological effects on the bone structure of the tissue on the background of diseases: dystrophic, inflammatory, tumor, metabolic disorders, pregnancy.
Symptoms of fractures in dogs
With a fracture of the limb:
- The dog can not step on the damaged paw and constantly keeps it on weight,
- In the place of the fracture, edema begins to form rapidly,
- The damaged paw somewhere in two times in volume exceeds the healthy limbs,
- The paw can move freely and unnaturally,
- When trying to inspect and touch, the dog experiences pain and whimper
With a fracture of the tail, Also whines when trying to touch. For fractures of ribs The dog with injuries strongly whimpers, behaves restlessly, breathes rapidly and superficially.
Very serious injuries are fractures of the skull and spine. Fracture of the skull bones is accompanied by concussionThe brain, bleeding from the mouth and nose, edema of the brain and hemorrhage. Fractures of the pelvic bones are often accompanied by rupture of the bladder, rectum, uterus.
With such damage, the dog can not stand up,Lies all the time and whims. Her limbs are paralyzed, involuntary feces and urination with blood, bleeding from the genitals can be observed. Often the dog is shocked by severe pain. With a fracture of the spine, separate vertebrae, squeezing or rupture of the spinal cord are injured.
First aid for fractures
If the fracture is open and there is bleeding,It is necessary to stop it. It is necessary to treat the wound, close it with a napkin and apply a bandage. With closed fracture, the first thing to do is to provide immobilization, that is, fixing the injured limb or completely restricting the movement of the animal in the position in which it is currently located.
In no case should you try to fix itThe configuration of bones. This will only bring terrible distress to the dog. An immobilized animal must be urgently delivered to the clinic because the choice of the treatment method will depend on the fracture X-ray.
Treatment of fractures in dogs
With closed conventional cracks and fractures withoutDisplacement of the paws, tail and ribs is used conservative treatment. This provision of rest, the imposition of tires or supporting bandages (Robert Jones, Ehmer). Gypsum dressings in the treatment of animals are ineffective.
If it is necessary to connect particles or fragmentsBones with the help of special designs, then surgical intervention - osteosynthesis is used. This operation ensures reliable fixation and bone tissue has the opportunity to grow together favorably. For osteosynthesis, Ilizarov's apparatus is used (for large and medium dogs with complex injuries), Kirchner's apparatus (on the thigh, jaw, pelvic bones and spine), polymer and spokes (for the smallest breeds), a fixator inside the bone.
The main reason for treating fractures is to precisely compare bone fragments and fragments and reliably hold them for some time in the right position until complete fusion. After osteosynthesis, the dog soon ceases to experience pain and quickly begins to lean on a damaged paw. And the sooner she starts doing it, the faster the paw will heal.
However, excessive load should be prevented, run and jumps excluded. For this, the first 4 - 6 weeks the dog is better to walk only on a leash. Treatment of very complex and life-threatening fractures of the bones of the skull, pelvis and spine depends on the degree of damage to the internal organs. However, most often the forecast is not comforting.