Cholecystitis in dogs: symptoms, treatment
Cholecystitis in dogs is a disease that affects the bile ducts and is accompanied by inflammatory processes in the gallbladder.
Since this ailment is very rare in animals, it is very difficult to identify it in a timely manner.
Causes of the disease
Dog cholecystitis occurs on severalReasons. The main causative agent of the disease is the microbe. In the body of the animal (it is into the gallbladder) it penetrates from the intestine, along the hepatic artery or along the bile ducts. In addition, it can be tolerated by the lymphogenous route.
It is not uncommon for cholecystitis to be a complication inInfection of the animal with parasites, with infectious diseases (salmonellosis, colibacteriosis) and parasitic (dicrocemia, fascioliasis, eimeriosis and others). Often the disease is a consequence of not full and wrong nutrition, especially when in the body we feel a lack of vitamin A.
Symptoms of cholecystitis in dogs
The disease is complicated by the fact that it is practically asymptomatic. However, there are signs that can symbolize problems:
- The dog may have a sharp decrease in appetite,
- There will be frequent diarrhea, indigestion and vomiting.
- The mucous membranes of the nose and mouth can turn yellow
- The animal looks sluggish, depressed, and with palpation of the liver and abdominal cavity there is a pronounced soreness
- For a short time the body temperature may rise
- Often due to the difficulty of outflow of bile, there are signs of mechanical jaundice
An accurate diagnosis can only be madeA qualified veterinarian and only after a detailed examination and obtaining of tests. A laboratory blood test shows leukocytosis, it increases the bilirubin content found in the urine.
Treatment of cholecystitis in dogs
First of all, the treatment consists inFull-value dietary nutrition (if you feed the animal with dry diets, then it is necessary to give only specialized dietary food for dogs), although at the time of exacerbation a three-day fasting is possible.
At the same time antiparasitic andAntimicrobial drugs, which are aimed at suppressing a particular pathogen. In order to remove the inflammatory processes apply drugs of salicylic and ascorbic acid, calcium.
In more severe cases, therapeutic procedures are prescribed. They are aimed at removing inflammatory processes, improving digestion and bile secretion.
For disinfection of the biliary tract and better outflow of bile, it is prescribed:
- Magnesium sulfate,
- Tincture of corn stigmas.
In order to relieve the spasm of the gallbladder and bile ducts appoint:
- Atropine sulfate,
- Other antispasmodics
To eliminate pain, use:
- Besalol and others
At the final stage of treatment, the condition is improved by thermal physiotherapeutic procedures, the purpose of which is resorption of exudate, improvement of blood circulation and removal of pain.
Prevention of disease
To the dog never learned what isCholecystitis, it is necessary to monitor the nutritional value of her nutrition, pay special attention to the content of vitamin A. All food and products must be fresh. It is also necessary to treat in time all invasive and infectious diseases that can lead to inflammation of the bile duct and gall bladder.