Stomatitis in dogs: symptoms, treatment
Stomatitis in dogs is an inflammation of the mucous membrane inside the oral cavity.
There are several types of stomatitis:
This disease can diffuse, foci, chronically, diffusely. It can occur primarily, either independently or secondary, as a consequence of other diseases.
Symptoms of stomatitis in dogs
Usually, the disease begins in the oral cavity withInflammation of the mucosa. Her first symptoms are thirst and drooling. The dog becomes painful to eat and she does it cautiously, and maybe refuse to eat. Upon examination, it is evident that the mucous membrane has turned red and as if covered in a gray coating, swelling is noticeable.
From the mouth of the dog stands out a foamy, viscous saliva. She rubs her face against her chest, sneezes, worries. Sometimes oppression and fever are observed. If stomatitis is caused by the deposition of stones, then the roots of the teeth are exposed, the gums bleed, the mouth smells bad, and the teeth are unsteady.
In small and dwarf poodles, rarely - in dwarf spitz and very rarely - in dogs of other breeds there is a severe form of stomatitis, in which ulcers with necrotic tissue edges form on the gums.
Causes of the disease
Stomatitis can occur for a variety of reasons. With primary stomatitis this can be the effect of mechanical, thermal (hot or cold food), chemical and biochemical factors (the dog ate chemical preparations).
One of the most common causes is injury to the lips, gums, tongue or cheeks. For example, when a dog gnaws bones or other sharp objects.
The cause of secondary caries are other diseases:
- Specific infections (fungus, leptospirosis in dogs),
- Renal and hepatic insufficiency,
- Caries and tartar
Treatment of stomatitis in dogs
Sometimes dogs, patients with stomatitis, recoverAnd without treatment. To do this, it is sufficient to eliminate the cause that caused the disease. If this did not happen, first of all the dog is transferred to a diet.
Food should be as gentle as possible on the mucous membrane:
- Liquid porridge,
- Slimy decoctions,
The oral cavity is washed:
- Solutions of baking soda,
- 3% hydrogen peroxide or boric acid,
- Furatsillinom 1: 5000,
- Rivanol (1: 1000),
- Solution of Lugol,
- Infusion of sage leaves, turns, chamomile flowers,
- Carrot juice,
- Lead acetate,
Blow up the powder of sulfonamides.
With ulcerative stomatitis, every day and especially after eating, the teeth are cleaned with a tampon soaked with sea buckthorn oil with trivitamin or lemon juice. Within six days the dog must takeOletetrine. The daily dose is calculated based on the fact that per kg of dog weight should be 0.025 grams of oletetrin. This dose is divided into four equal parts and given within 24 hours.
In the process of recovery to restore the destroyed mucous membrane, it is necessary to give the dog sea buckthorn or rosehip oil. If such treatment in the state of the animal does notThere are improvements and especially if there are signs of other diseases, the dog needs to be shown to the veterinarian and conduct a serious examination in order to establish the primary causes of the disease and develop a scheme for more accurate treatment.