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Dyspnea in a dog

Dyspnoea in dogs is a violation of the depth, frequency and rhythm of breathing. This is such a compensatory reaction to the lack of oxygen in the body.

Dyspnoea may occur after prolonged physical exertion, a long run. Although there is shortness of breath, which occurs after minimal stress or even at rest. Then it shows a pathology.

Symptoms of a breathing disorder

  • When breathing, the animal makes a visible effort on exhalation or inspiration,
  • He has unusual sounds (whistles, wheezing),
  • Gum and lips pale or get bluish color,
  • The dog takes a forced position: he places the front paws, stretches his neck, can not lie down, worries,
  • The animal breathes open jaws,
  • Excitation can be replaced by oppression.

Also, the so-calledSaccated breathing (during exhalation or inhalation it stops), biotope breathing, breathing of Kussmaul, Grokka, etc., which differ in depth and intermittence.

Causes of dyspnea in dogs

Depending on the reasons, dyspnea in dogs is of several kinds:

  • Respiratory
  • Cardiogenic
  • Of central origin

Respiratory dyspnea Occurs as a result of pathologies in the respiratorySystem: foreign body in the respiratory tract (ball, bone), pneumonia, pulmonary edema, traumas in the chest and trachea, fracture of the ribs, neoplasms in the airways, gas and fluid in the chest cavity, pleurisy.

Cardiogenic dyspnea in dogs Is associated with pathologies of the cardiovascular system(Heart defects, heart failure, hypertrophic and dilated cardiomyopathy, endocarditis, etc. Quite often there is cardiogenic pulmonary edema, the cause of which is the development of blood stagnation in the vessels of the lungs due to a weak heart.

Treatment and help with dyspneaThere are also Dyspnoea of ​​central origin, The cause of which is: Hematomas, craniocerebral trauma, electrotrauma, neoplasms of the brain. Dyspnoea may also occur for other reasons, for example, due to obesity in the dog, stress, pain syndrome, high body temperature, etc. In dogs of certain breeds with flattened nose (French bulldogs, pugs, Pekinese), the soft palate becomes an obstacle to full breathing.

These dogs have some problems with breathingAnd in its normal state, and if suddenly the load on the respiratory system increases (in case of physical exertion, in the heat, during excitement or in the inflammatory process in the respiratory tract), their life may be in danger.

How can I help the dog with shortness of breath?

If the animal's condition worsens,Lips and gums turn blue, and dyspnea intensifies, then emergency help is needed. The animal needs to urgently provide peace, put it in a cool quiet place, where no one will disturb.

It is desirable to provide fresh air: Arrange ventilation, open the window. In no case is it necessary to forcibly lay the dog, give it water - it can be dangerous for the health and even life of the animal. Also, do not give her any medicine before the doctor comes.

It is advisable to call a veterinarian at your home orA place where the dog became ill. If this is not possible, then it must be quickly and as accurately as possible delivered to the veterinarian. When providing first aid to a dog with shortness of breath, it is important to provide the body with oxygen. Because the veterinarian will give the animal breathe oxygen with the help of a mask.

Although artificial ventilation may be requiredLung or urgent surgical intervention. When providing first aid, the doctor must determine the cause of the breathing disorder in order to determine the further treatment.


Shortness of breath is just a symptom of some serious problemWith health and treatment depends precisely on the pathology that caused difficulty in breathing. The first task of the doctor is to ensure the normal airway patency. To do this, eliminate foreign bodies, carry out intubation, artificial ventilation of the lungs.

With cardiac pathologies,Therapy, which will appoint a veterinarian cardiologist, with a pain syndrome - anesthesia of the animal, and if it gets into the chest cavity of a liquid or gas, aspiration of the contents is carried out. If there is a pulmonary edema, the animal is prescribed anti-inflammatory drugs and diuretics.

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