Tetanus in dogs: treatment, symptoms
Tetanus in dogs is a dangerous infectious disease, untimely detection and belated treatment of which can lead to death.
Tetanus is an acute wound bacterial infection,Caused by the action of toxin anaerobic rod Clostridium tetani (hence the second name of the disease - tetanus). It occurs in many species of warm-blooded animals, including humans.
Causes of the disease
The disease is characterized by a complete or partialDefeat of some parts of the nervous system and spasmodic contraction of the musculature. In some cases, tetanus is manifested only by convulsions of individual muscle groups (usually heads) and ends up safely. The causative agent of tetanus is the spore-forming anaerobic bacterium, usually in large quantities located in the soil, fertilized soil.
Therefore, the source of infection, first of all,Soil and contaminated soil. When they get into deep wounds (chopped, cut, torn), bacteria multiply rapidly in dead tissue and release a toxin that has a special effect on the nervous system. The incubation period averages one to two weeks, in some cases a few weeks.
Tetanus, in fact, is not contagiousDisease. In small pets (dogs and especially cats) is rare because of their low sensitivity to toxins, as well as the ability to "process" accidental wounds themselves, constantly licking and thereby partially cleaning and decontaminating them. But farm animals (especially horses, cows, sheep and pigs) tetanus affects quite often.
Signs and symptoms of tetanus in dogs
The clinical symptoms of tetanus in the first place are:
- Labored, strenuous,
- Increased fearfulness,
- Convulsions of chewing muscles,
- Partial or complete immobility of jaws
The swallowing function is difficult or impossible, inWith which there is abundant salivation. Gradually develops a pronounced tension of the head and neck, the skin on the forehead is collected in tight folds, the eyes look at one point and are absolutely motionless.
The back and limbs of the animal are unnaturalStraightened, the tail is raised and stretched, the abdominal and pectoral muscles are very tense. Movement is difficult. Body temperature in a dog is usually normal, but with frequent convulsive muscle contractions may slightly increase. Noise, bright light, sudden movements can dramatically increase seizures and seizures. Ill animals often die after a few days from suffocation and exhaustion.
Treatment of tetanus in dogs
At the slightest suspicion of tetanus,First of all, immediately call the vet on the house. The speed of your actions directly determines the life of the animal. Before the arrival of a veterinarian, create the animal the most comfortable conditions: silence, semi-darkness, complete peace. The final diagnosis is made according to the characteristic clinical picture of the disease.
Treatment is carried out by surgicalTreatment of wounds in a dog with subsequent administration of tetanus antiserum. In severe seizures, injections of sedatives are prescribed. To maintain the general tone of the body, vitamins and glucose solution are injected subcutaneously.
Duration of treatment is several days. Prevention of tetanus is the correct and careful treatment of wounds, as well as the timely introduction of tetanus antitetanus, antibiotics and toxoid.