Burns in dogs
When the hosts prepare food, the dogs often turn in the kitchen, hoping to get a tasty morsel. As a result, it is not uncommon for them to get something hot or pour boiling water.</ P>
This is a thermal burn, the severity of which depends on how high the temperature was and how large the tissue size is burned.
Degrees and symptoms of burns in dogs
At the first degree of a burn The affected area of the skin turns red, evenlySwollen, it hurts. If there is a burn with an open flame, the wool is charred. If the affected area is not large, the dog quickly recovers. After a burn, the skin flakes up to ten days.
Second degree burn Appears as a result of a longer exposureTemperature. With it, the skin also reddens and swells, and transparent bubbles form. On the third day they become turbid due to the increase in the number of white blood cells. Bubbles do not happen with burns by flame, because not only wool but also skin is charred. There is inflammatory swelling of the skin.
If the bubbles are small, their contents canCompletely to resolve, and under a crust of exfoliated epidermis a new layer is regenerated. Large bubbles burst, exposing the painful surface of the base of the skin. It is important to prevent ingress of pyogenic microbes.
At the third degree of a burn The affected tissues are dead, at times, to great depths. After the destruction of tissue sites, ulcers are formed.
With fourth degree burns Both superficial and deep tissues die.
Burns with chemicals
The dog is also immune from chemical burnsAlkalis, acids, heavy metal salts and other substances. The more concentrated the substance has got on the skin of the animal, the more serious the consequences of the burn.
When burned with sulfuric acid, the blood coagulates andOn the skin a black scab forms, with a silver nitrate burn, brown, from nitric acid - yellow. Drying up the scab turns into a dense crust. Alkalis last longer on the skin.
In this case, the blood does not coagulate. Alkaline, connecting with fats, destroys nitrogen compounds and forms a loose whitish scab. His rejection is often accompanied by bleeding.
First aid for burns
If the animal suddenly caught fire, do the following:</ P>
- Quickly throw something on it (a towel, a jacket, a jacket) or pour water to extinguish the flame.
- After this place, the burn should be washed properly under running cold water, reducing the temperature of the body.
- You can put packages around the affected area with ice or frozen vegetables.
- After lowering the temperature, you need to put a clean cloth moistened with cold water or a red solution of potassium permanganate.
- If bubbles begin to appear, they can not be pierced.
- On top of the napkin to apply a bandage and immediately take the animal to the vet.
With chemical burns, you need to do the following:</ P>
- As soon as possible to remove or reduce the concentration of the chemical,
- The damaged area should be washed for a long time with a stream of water,
- Then to neutralize it
For this purpose, with caustic caustic burns,2% aqueous solution of acetic acid or diluted citric acid. The napkin soaked in it is applied to the affected area. When burned with acids, use a 2% aqueous solution of baking soda (a teaspoon per glass of water).
When burned with quick lime, the skin is pouredVaseline or vegetable oil. Corrosive oily substances from the skin surface are removed with gasoline. If the dog's eyes have suffered from boiling water or hot fat, they should be washed immediately with water (within 10-20 minutes) or with a 2% solution of silver nitrate and urgently consulted by a doctor. To reduce the pain of the dog, you need to give the analgin by weight.
Treatment of burns
Traditionally thermally burned skinDepending on the degree of burn 5 - 6 times in a row treated with a 5% solution of potassium permanganate every hour or two. Another way - the affected areas are irrigated with a 5% aqueous solution of tannin, and then lubricated with a 10% solution of silver nitrate.
When forming ulcers, use zinc, tannic or penicillin ointment, as well as Vishnevsky ointment. To the dog does not lick the affected area, she is put on a protective collar.