Postpartum eclampsia in dogs: symptoms, treatment, signs
Eclampsia in dogs is a serious breakdown. It appears in the last stages of pregnancy, as well as during or after childbirth. The most common postpartum eclampsia.
Causes of eclampsia in dogs
The main symptom of the disease is spasms andConvulsions. According to some reports, eclampsia occurs due to improper feeding, errors in the protein-mineral composition of the feed, which is the cause of a decrease in the level of calcium in the blood.
Also one of the reasons can be toxicosis,Increased sensitivity of the mother's body to the products of metabolism, secreted by the fetus and placenta. According to other data, various helminthiases and infectious diseases, as well as impaired parathyroid function, may be one of the main factors.
In dogs, eclampsia is in most cases just a postpartum illness. Dogs of small or medium breeds (beagle, poodle,Dachshunds, small terriers) are particularly prone to this disease, so during pregnancy, you should pay special attention to the diet and carefully monitor the condition of the animal during the last period of pregnancy.
Symptoms of the disease
The first sign of the disease in dogs isanxiety. Without a special reason, the animal becomes nervous, fearful, trembling, whimpering, running from corner to corner. After 15-20 minutes, coordination of movements occurs, then paralysis of the posterior part of the trunk. The dog falls on the ground and can not rise by itself. A seizure begins.
The animal is in position on the side, stretched outForward neck and opening the mouth. The tongue hangs to one side and a foamy saliva dries from the mouth, which the dog convulsively tries to swallow. The look is frightened, meaningful, but still. Loss of consciousness in dogs during attacks does not occur. The limbs seem to be stiff and straight out, their trembling jerky movements, caused by simultaneous contractions of the shoulder and hip muscles, are barely noticeable from the side.
The temperature is raised, the breathing is intense andFrequent (up to a hundred breaths per minute). The duration of attacks varies from 5-10 minutes to 1 hour with a frequency of several times a day. At the end of the attack, the dog is very depressed for some time, then, as if nothing happened, it rises and after a while calms down. Between seizures, there are no obvious signs of malaise, but any external stimuli can dramatically increase the frequency and strength of seizures.
Treatment of eclampsia in dogs
With timely access to a veterinarian, the animalUsually heals. Otherwise, the prognosis is usually unfavorable, since frequent convulsions often lead to complications: asphyxia, aspiration pneumonia, cerebral hemorrhage, pulmonary edema. In patients with eclampsia, pregnant animals are more likely to develop collapse, in addition, often the term of delivery is delayed due to which some or all of the fruits may die in the womb or be born unviable.
Before the arrival of the veterinarian and during treatment to the patientThe animal must ensure maximum peace - isolate in a semi-dark room, exclude external stimuli (strong noises, sudden movements), arrange on a comfortable clean litter. During seizures, you should try to protect the sick animal from injury, slightly holding it by the head and limbs. Treatment is carried out by intravenous administration of drugs containing calcium.