Brucellosis in dogs: symptoms, treatment
Brucellosis is a dangerous infectious disease inpets. More pigs, cows, sheep and goats are affected by this disease. In dogs and cats brucellosis is rare, and mostly only in those individuals who have constant contact with farm animals, as well as rodents, hares, wild foxes.
Therefore, hunting dogs can also be at risk.
Causes of the disease
The causative agent of brucellosis is brucella - verySmall, non-controversial, aerobic bacterium without flagella. Has a high penetrating ability and is very resistant to environmental influences.
However, when boiling or disinfectingThe bacterium dies within a few seconds, with pasteurization of milk - for 30 minutes. Infection of small domestic animals occurs through contact with waste products of vital activity of sick animals, as well as through eating of meat, milk, internal organs or aborted fetuses of sick cows, pigs, sheep or goats; Also when eating carcasses of infected wild animals.
Dogs are most susceptible to brucellosis infection during pregnancy. The incubation period can last several weeks.
Symptoms of Brucellosis in Dogs
As a rule, the disease is asymptomatic, chronic, sometimes only a slight decrease in appetite, a slight increase in temperature.
In females it is possible:
- Partial loss of body weight,
- Easy apathy,
- Heat retention
Later in pregnant animals are not uncommon:
- Abortion at an early stage,
- Delay of the asphyxia and, as a consequence, inflammation of the uterus
In males, the disease manifests itself in the chronicInflammation of the testes and their appendages, later develops prostatitis, dermatitis of the scrotum, sometimes there is a lesion of the joints, turning into arthritis. Infected dogs are carriers and carriers of the disease. Patients can allocate brucella to the external environment up to 1 year.
Treatment and prevention
Until recently, treatment of patients with brucellosis of dogs did notWas conducted, and sick dogs were to be put to sleep. But now times have changed, brucellosis is treatable. Therefore, as never before, it is important to contact the vet at the slightest suspicion of brucellosis.
For the final diagnosis, onlyClinical signs of the disease are not enough, it is necessary to conduct a thorough laboratory study. Timely diagnosis and qualified treatment will help to save life and health of your pet. The ill animals develop lifelong immunity to the effects of bacteria, so repeated infection is impossible.
Timely prevention against brucellosis is very important. At the slightest suspicion, it is necessary to isolate sick animals from the rest to obtain accurate laboratory analysis results.
- In nurseries where there is a suspicion of brucellosis, do not eat dogs preterm or aborted fruit, raw milk, cream, meat or organs of farm animals.
- Persons caring for sick dogs are obliged to strictly observe the rules of personal hygiene.
- It is also necessary to carry out a full sanitary treatment of the premises where animals are kept in time. Brucellosis is dangerous for humans.
This type of infection is not transmitted from person to person - the source of infection are primarily domestic animals, although the actual transfer of brucellosis by dogs and cats has not been scientifically confirmed. At the moment, a number of vaccines have been developed to prevent brucellosis in humans and dogs.