/ / Cryptorchidism in dogs: treatment or surgery

Cryptorchidism in dogs: treatment or surgery

Cryptorchidism in dogs is a genetic disease that is a congenital anomaly - not a testicle desecration in a male.

With normal development of puppy testesFall into the scrotum two weeks after birth. If this did not happen, it would most likely be about cryptorchidism. A non-descending testicle may linger on the back wall of the abdominal cavity, in the inguinal canal or near its outer opening.

Although the final diagnosis is confirmed only after the puppy turns 6 months old. It is at this age that the inguinal rings are closed, blocking the way the testes enter the scrotum.

Types of cryptorchidism in dogs

This anomaly has two types:

  • unilateral,
  • Two-sided (very rare)

Symptoms and consequences of cryptorchidism in dogsSome small breeds of dogs have the largestpredisposition. For example, Maltese lapdog, poodle, dachshund, English bulldog, chihuahua, boxer, Pekingese, Pomeranian Pomeranian. In most cases, cryptorchidism is false. This means that the testicle remains quite mobile, and can be dropped into the scrotum without difficulty.

Causes of the disease

If the dog's hormonal background is normal,Cryptorchidism is often caused by various disorders of the morphology of the scrotum and the neuromuscular apparatus of the inguinal region. For example, the testicle itself may be too big. Because of this, it can not pass into the inguinal canal or the external inguinal ring.

The inguinal canal may also be too narrow,External or internal opening of the inguinal canal. The cause of cryptorchidism can be a short testicle conductor or a seminal rope, an underdevelopment of the scrotum and others.

Such anomalies can occur in a puppyDue to inflammation caused by various viruses, bacteria, pathogenic fungi or trauma, and as a result of embryonic developmental disorders. Some cases of cryptorchidism can be caused by such rare causes as incorrect determination of sex, as a result of which the testes are underdeveloped.


  • First of all, this is that only one testicle is defined in the scrotum.
  • The second, often atrophied, is located at the outer opening of the inguinal canal or at the root of the scrotum.
  • In adulthood, such a male can have reduced spermatogenesis or sterility, and also develops a concomitant disease, such as inguinal and umbilical hernia in a dog.

Treatment and operation of cryptorchidism in dogs

In cryptorchids, tumors not developing are 10 times more likely to develop. They are quite often recorded congenital anomalies of the penis and penis, as well as the dislocation of the patella.

Treatment of cryptorchidism in dogs: plastic surgery or castration of a male?

In the first two years of life, the dog is often prescribedconservative treatment. It is based on the use of chorio-gonadotropin, which improves the activity of the luteotropic hormone. However, it should be taken into account that such treatment has low efficiency (up to 20%) and many side effects.

Cryptorchidism is an obstacle to entryDogs for exhibitions and therefore many owners order their pet a plastic operation, in which the testis moves to the scrotum. However, from the point of view of health and reproduction such an operation is extremely undesirable. The fact is that, as a rule, the testicle, which has not fallen down, is underdeveloped, and it is practically impossible to produce sperm.

Often dog breeders use "folk therapy"Popular in the cynological environment. Usually, these are huge doses of hormones (gonadotropin or testosterone propionate), which are injected into the puppy for up to 7 months. But it can help only in those rare cases when cryptorchidism has arisen from a lack of hormones.

But it will do harm to the breed as a whole, if this dogWill be used as a manufacturer. If the cause of cryptorchidism, for example, in a short seminal cord, the hormones will only accelerate the development of the testicular tumor.

The best treatment for cryptorchidism is the removal ofThe descended testicle and the castration of the male. This operation can be carried out both in the veterinary clinic and at home. It lasts no more than an hour and as a result the dog gets rid of the danger of cancer and other consequences of cryptorchidism.

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