Symptoms and treatment of discopathy in dogs
Discopathy in dogs is called a different pathology of intervertebral discs.
Diagnosis of discopathy is often done by doctors inUnexplained cases of decreased mobility of paws in a dog. Most often it is a question of degeneration, which leads to changes in the structure and properties of intervertebral discs. It ceases to be elastic and does not function as a shock absorber.
These diseases occur in all breeds of dogs. Nevertheless, some are predisposed more than others, for example - pugs, Pekingese, French bulldogs, Dobermans. Most often, discopathy occurs at the dachshund, hitting up to 65% of the representatives of this breed. More often, the disease manifests itself in dogs aged 6-7 years, although it can start up to 1 year.
Symptoms of discopathy
Initially, the disease develops practicallyAsymptomatic. The intervertebral disc begins to lose its damping properties due to the fact that the jelly-like content of the center of the disc thickens, becomes mineralized, turning into a dense creamy mass. This process can last up to several years.
With loads, the modified disc no longer springs, andAn animal experiences discomfort during movements. Lost elasticity, the intervertebral disc begins to deform, is introduced into the vertebral canal. If the disc is deformed so much that it begins to press on the dorsal, then in addition to pain, the dog shows signs of neurological disorders:
- Shuffling with paws,
- Decreased sensitivity of the feet,
- Violation of tendon reflexes,
- Change gait up to complete inability to walk and stuff
These symptoms increase slowly over the course ofQuite a long time. Eventually, the outer fibrous ring of the intervertebral disc breaks, the pathologically altered substance from it extrudes into the lumen of the spinal canal and squeezes the spinal nerves and vessels.
The dog suddenly has its hind legs or allFour limbs, the muscles of the bladder and anal opening are affected. Paralysis of extremities develops, natural departures are violated. A dog can die or be permanently disabled.
Treatment of discopathy in dogs
Already with the appearance of the first symptoms - pain andStiffness of movements, it is necessary to begin treatment. At this stage, rest, anesthetics and anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed. It should be understood that the symptoms will disappear, but the dog will not be healed - the degeneration of the intervertebral discs will not disappear.
Therefore, if the symptoms appear again afterDiscontinuation of treatment, additional diagnostics and removal of the modified disk are necessary. If there are already neurological disorders, you need to quickly eliminate the cause of compression of the spinal cord. For this, neurologic examinations and myelography are performed (radiocontrast study of the spinal cord).
Often a laminectomy is performed - removal of part of the vertebral arch over the hernia and extraction of disc substance. After this, concomitant treatment is prescribed: antibiotics and physiotherapy. Timely surgical treatment (before loss of pain sensitivity or within two days after) often ends in the animal's recovery.
In case of loss of deep pain sensitivityAnd the development of paralysis is unfavorable. At best, the animal is doomed to move on a gurney (if the functions of independent urination and defecation are preserved). At worst it perishes.
For the prevention of the development of discopathy, culling dogs with diseases of joints from breeding work. Also in the diet of the dog are introducedChondroprotectors, which allow longer to maintain the function of intervertebral discs. It is also known that overweight, and especially obesity in the dog predisposes to the development of this pathology.