Chronic and acute renal failure in dogs: symptoms, treatment
Renal failure is the most frequentKidney disease in dogs. With it, the excretory function of the kidneys is impaired. This process develops rapidly and is accompanied by abrupt changes in the water, acid-base and electrolyte balance.
Kidneys deduce less from the body of various substances and, as a result, they accumulate. At risk, dogs older than 5 years.
Causes of kidney failure
In most cases, kidney failure occurs due to diseases that damage blood vessels.
Also, the cause may be a prolonged effect on the kidney infection, congenital defects in the form of thickening of the internal structure of the kidney, inflammatory processes, as well as cancerous tumors.
The cause of chronic kidney failure in dogs are such kidney diseases as:
- Renal dysplasia,
- Intoxication with heavy metals,
- Amyloidosis of the kidneys
Symptoms of the disease often develop very slowly and may not appear even with complete damage to one kidney and damage to the second kidney by a third.
- The disease is manifested by the general depressed state of dogs
- The amount of urine varies drastically. It can become much more due to the fact that the body can not retain liquid
- There are frequent urge to urinate, which can be false
- The animal constantly drinks, periodically the dog has diarrhea and vomiting, it loses weight and appetite
- There may be swelling, increased heart rate, mucous pale
- In some cases, there may be stomatitis, trembling, muscle weakness
Symptoms may not be seen consistently and singly, so it is very important to consider them and contact the veterinarian in time for treatment to be effective.
The diagnosis is established on the basis of a blood test and ultrasound diagnosis.
Forms of the disease
Acute Renal Failure - a potentially reversible state thatPotentially curable. For this, accurate and as early as possible diagnosis is very important. However, it is not easy to single out this form at the moment, because it is possible that the disease did not appear now, but its chronic course, which was not previously identified, simply aggravated.
Most often, veterinarians have to treat Chronic renal failure, Which develops as a result of irreversible andRapidly progressing loss of nephrons - functional kidney cells. This form is treated for a long time and does not always have an optimistic prognosis. Everything depends on the degree of neglect of the disease. Incurable is considered a disease in which 800 thousand of nephrons are damaged 500 thousand.
Treatment of kidney failure in dogs
- In urgent cases, intensive methods are used: the dog is administered intravenously through a dropper, and a special diet is established.
- The dog is prescribed drugs that improve the blood composition, normalize the chemical balance of substances and, if necessary, relieve some symptoms, for example, stop vomiting.
- With problems with urination, the dog is provided with a free urine outflow with a catheter or even a surgical procedure.
- Also prescribed drugs that improve blood microcirculation in the tissues of the kidneys, diuretics intravenously.
During the period of treatment, one must constantly controlVital functions of the animal's body, therefore in acute periods the animal is best left in the hospital. To facilitate the condition, the dog can be taken home, but to provide it with a sparing regimen: avoid stress, rest more, eat right.
Diet in renal failure
Diet with such a disease should have a low content of phosphorus, proteins and calcium.
It is better to feed the pet often, but in small portions and provide constant access to fresh water.
Do not give the dog:
- vegetable oils,
- fish fat,
- Egg yolks,
- Meat offal,
Fatty meat, butter and egg whitesAt first give a little, gradually increasing to the norm. An ideal source of protein in the diet of a sick dog is an untreated scar, especially its "book." Even if you always feed your dog with dry food, in the early stages of the disease it is better to add to its diet fresh protein foods: raw meat, egg whites, tripe.
Approximately half of the diet should beCarbohydrates: fresh grinded vegetables (especially white potatoes), white rice sticky varieties, semolina porridge. Occasionally, you can give porridge, brown rice, wheat, millet and other whole grains. To reduce phosphorus in the body, you can add ground egg shells - half a teaspoon per half a kilo of food.