Antibiotics for dogs for the treatment of cystitis, mastitis and other diseases
Antibiotics are used to control pathogens and fungi in dogs.
The antibiotics themselves are also made from bacteria,Which counteract other harmful bacteria and effectively fight with various infections. They have the ability to produce useful substances, for example, the synthesis of vitamin K, which is necessary for blood clotting.
Antibiotics are divided into two categories. The first is bacteriostatic and fungistatic. They do not kill microorganisms, but only stop their reproduction and growth. The second category - bactericidal antibiotics - completely destroying microorganisms, which are then removed from the body.
Types of antibiotics for dogs
For the treatment of dogs several species are usedAntibiotics. Most often, drugs are a class of penicillin or cephalosporin. As a rule, veterinarians recommend the treatment of pets with amoxicillin, gentamicin, cephalexin or sulfametox.
Amoxicillin belongs to the class of penicillin andIs used to treat a wide range of infections in dogs. These are skin diseases, respiratory or gastrointestinal infections, dental abscesses, infected wounds, urinary tract infections. This medication is often prescribed by a veterinarian, since it causes minimal side effects. It can be diarrhea, nausea, changes in behavior. But they also happen quite rarely.
However, some dogs have an allergy to amoxicillin, so the owner should carefully monitor the appearance of any skin rash and other allergic reactions in the pet.
Gentamicin belongs to the class of cephalosporin andIt is recommended for use in open infected wounds, as well as ocular and ear infections. Usually, this medicine for the treatment of dogs is used in the form of a spray or ointment, because in the form of tablets it can cause serious side effects in the animal, especially when overdosed. There may be loss of hearing or blindness.
Cephalexin is similar to penicillin and therefore canUsed to treat infections from a variety of diseases. Especially this antibiotic is effective in combating bacterial infections in bones or damaged areas of the skin, as well as for the treatment of respiratory infections and diseases of the bladder, as well as an excretory system.
From cephalexin, side effects such as diarrhea, vomiting in the dog, and abdominal pain are possible. If the antibiotic is used as an ointment, skin irritation is possible.
Sulfamethox is most often recommended for urinary,Respiratory and gastrointestinal infections, as well as with cystitis. This medication also has side effects such as dog diarrhea, nausea, and lack of appetite. Perhaps dehydration and therefore the dog should always have water.
Danger of antibiotic use
As a rule, antibiotics are prescribed for no more than ten days, as their prolonged use can cause serious damage to health.
In addition, antibiotics for dogs should be used in strict accordance with the disease and with strict dosage, which is calculated based on the weight of the animal.
Do not give the dog antibiotics prescribedMan, because the dog's medicines have a special formula. Human antibiotics are too large a dose for a dog that can become toxic to a small pet.