Adenovirus in dogs: symptoms, treatment, prevention
Adenovirus in dogs (infectious cough orInfectious tracheobronchitis, infectious laryngotracheitis) - an infectious respiratory disease, one of the causative agents of which are adenoviruses of 1-2 types.
The DNA-containing virus of the family Adenoviridae is stable in the environment and at room temperature in the secretions of sick animals its activity lasts up to 2-3 months.
Most often, infectious tracheobronchitis occursIn places of congestion of dogs: platforms for walking, nurseries, exhibitions, pet shops. Adenovirus is transmitted from a sick dog, as well as wolves, foxes, arctic foxes. The virus is transmitted both by airborne droplets and by licking.
A dog can get sick at any age, butEspecially the disease is transferred to puppies aged from one and a half to six months. Stimulate the development of chronic bronchitis in dogs and congenital anomalies in the development of the respiratory system.
Epizootic is observed in the spring-summer period, when a lot of puppies are born.
Symptoms of adenovirus in dogs
Symptomatology essentially depends on the age of the dog and the degree of damage to its respiratory system.
- Sometimes the disease can be suspected only by coughing.
- There are also cases of development of severe, life-threatening pneumonia.
- Cough in dogs appears after contact withThe pathogen in four days. It can be wet or dry, soft or barking, rough. May be accompanied by vomiting, sputum discharge. There is often a cough after physical exertion, agitation, changes in humidity or air temperature, pressure in the trachea.
- With a more severe form of adenovirus in dogsFever is possible with an increase in body temperature to 39-40 degrees, wet cough, anorexia. There may be drowsiness, discharge from the nose, shortness of breath, decreased activity. Sometimes you can hear bronchial breathing, rarer rales.
The pathogen type can not be clinically established, so the diagnosis is made based on the history, information on the lack of vaccination, other methods of investigation: chest X-ray, bronchoscopy.
Most often, two to three months old puppies die.
Treatment of adenovirus in dogs
If the disease occurs without complications, itsThey are treated out-patient. However, with the development of pneumonia and other complications, it is necessary to turn to a 24-hour veterinary clinic and to hospitalize the dog with isolation from other animals. Your pet needs complete peace and good food.
How to treat adenovirus in dogs?
- In the absence of complications, treatment begins with amoxicillin and amoxiclav
- With complicated course, antibiotics are effective: 1st generation cephalosporins, gentamicin or enrofloxacin
- Assign isotonic sodium chloride solution and steam inhalation.
- To restore the immune system, gala-vet, Roncoleukin and other immunomodulators are used. Cough is softened by mucolytic agents (bromhexine)
- The drugs are used for at least 10 days, until the signs of pneumonia disappear completely on the X-ray
- Uncomplicated disease with proper therapy is completed in two weeks, severe tracheobronchitis can last up to five weeks
- X-ray examination of the chest should be repeated 14 days after the disappearance of clinical signs
Even 2-3 months after the disappearance of symptoms, the dog remains a carrier of the virus and can be dangerous for other animals. In addition, immunity in the sick animals is unstable and during the life of the dog can repeatedly suffer from adenovirus.
Effective prophylaxis is the annual vaccination of animals from adenovirus.