Infectious diseases in dogs
The dog can undergo a fairly largeNumber of infectious diseases. The most common and dangerous are adenovirus infection, carnivore plague, hepatitis, parvovirus enteritis, leptospirosis and rabies.
Adenovirus infection or nursery cough
This disease affects the respiratory tract andGastrointestinal tract of dogs of all ages. The dog blushes the pharynx mucosa, there is a runny nose, a convulsive cough, wheezing in the lungs. Often there is vomiting, diarrhea (possibly with blood). The dog does not eat, is depressed. In fecal masses, the remains of undigested food are noticeable. Additionally, fever and signs of pneumonia may occur.
The dog is infected by airborne droplets and inKennels are rapidly falling ill all dogs. Often the infection is on overexposure, after attending competitions and exhibitions. If the dog is strong enough, recovery occurs spontaneously after 7-14 days. The best prevention is vaccination with a comprehensive vaccine.
Plague of carnivores
Symptoms of this dangerous infectious disease are diarrhea, runny nose, cough, conjunctivitis, suppression of the immune system. Pregnant females have abortions.
There are specific forms of infection: Photophobia, keratitis with the formation of ulcers, can even develop blindness. On the skin of the lower abdomen, on the inner side of the ears and thighs appear bubbles and reddened pustules. Nervous phenomena are frequent: anorexia, epileptic seizures, paralysis, tick, mental disorders.
- A dog can get infected through the allocation of sick dogs or sick dogs, as well as through dishes, food, clothing. Only young animals are sick before the age of two.
- The respiratory and intestinal form of the distemper in dogs can be cured, but in severe fever, pneumonic and nervous forms, the prognosis is unfavorable.
- For prophylaxis, it is necessary to vaccinate puppies at the age of 8 weeks with repeated combination vaccine in 3-4 weeks.
Inflammation of the liver caused by canine adenovirus. In most animals, the disease occurs secretly and rarely appears clinically. Most often at the same time as the plague of dogs.
In acute disease, puppies die. In adult dogs is much less common. Prevention of hepatitis in dogs is vaccination.
Infection occurs through the coat of convalescent animals, food contaminated with feces, through clothing and care items.
- The main symptoms are persistent vomiting even in convalescent animals, diarrhea, fever, or vice versa fever, weakness, anorexia, abdominal pain, severe dehydration.
- Enteritis in dogs is a very dangerous disease andMost animals die in the first 4 days of illness. After this time, the chance of recovery increases. The disease can give a complication to the heart and the puppies die from pulmonary edema, pulmonary necrosis of the myocardium.
It is necessary timely vaccination at 12-14, and then at 16-18 weeks of life and repeat every year.
- Sent when bitten by sick animals and always leaks.
- The incubation period is from 14 days to a year, and even six years.
Symptoms are impaired coordinationMovements and paralysis. In the classical course, the behavior changes first, the dog becomes capricious, timid or too friendly. The second stage is distinguished by excitation: there is aggression with wandering movements. The dog is restless, grows thin, gnaws foreign objects, it has saliva, movement coordination is disrupted, epileptic seizures are possible. By the third stage, paralysis increases.
Atypical forms of flow are also common. Silent rabies in dogs - paralysis without the previous stage of excitation. The dog can not eat, anywhere Indifferently sits down, her lower jaw hangs, the third eyelid falls out, mows eyes.
Prevention of this infectious disease is an annual vaccination.
Like rabies, leptospirosis in dogs is dangerous for humans. Infection of the dog occurs when contact with the urine of sick dogs.
Symptoms are diarrhea and persistent vomiting, acuteRenal failure, tonsillitis, gastroenteritis, stomatitis, jaundice, dehydration, nervous system disorders, dyspnea, photophobia and visual impairment.
- Lung forms occur with general disorders, fever and weakness. Acute development after 2-3 days leads to death.
- Some dogs recover, and a chronic form can also develop.
- The prognosis depends on the severity of liver and kidney damage. One third of the sick dogs die.
- Regular vaccination and control of rodents that tolerate leptospirosis are necessary.